Why is childhood an important time of life? When does it end?
How do people cope when their lives are changed by forces they cannot control?
Persepolis is a graphic novel. Why do you think Satrapi chose this genre to tell her story?
I. Literary terms:
mood – the effect of literature on the reader: it is usually controlled by imagery
allusion - in literature, an implied or indirect reference to a person, event, or thing or to a part of another text. Most allusions are based on the assumption that there is a body of knowledge that is shared by the author and the reader and that therefore the reader will understand the author's referent
dialogue – lines spoken by characters in a play, or in this case, a comic book
graphic novel – a full-length novel that presents serious subject matter in comic-book form.
A. Terms and Concepts for Graphic Novels
panel – a distinct segment of the comic, containing a combination of image and text in endless variety.
frame – the lines and borders that contain the panels.
gutter – the space between framed panels
foreground – the panel closest to the viewer
Figures - Faces can be portrayed in different ways. Some depict an actual person, others can represent an idea, or group of people.
Text - captions – these are boxes containing a variety of text elements. They can add narration, or describe the physical setting or the scene.
speech balloons – these enclose dialogue that comes from a specific speaker’s mouth. These can show external dialogue, or internal thoughts (usually represented by circles that lead to the balloon).
B. Other Terms Used in the Text, or that can Help with Analysis historical context - reflects the time in which something takes place or was created and how that influences how you interpret it.
secular - of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred
theocracy - a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities
The West – Countries in the western hemisphere including the United States, and Western Europe
II. Characters, Events and Allusions in the Text
Directions: In order to fully understand the events and references in Persepolis, you need to know about these important people, places, and ideas. You will research to find valid information about each of the terms listed below (1-5). For each, write down just a few sentences and the name of your source. Also, read through the rest of the terms so that you are prepared for reading.
socialism (or Marxism) –
dialectical materialism –
the Shah - (formerly, in Iran) king; sovereign. There were two, the original Shah’s son was overthrown in the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Islamic Revolution – Iran 1979 – a state of revolt when the Iranian Shah was overthrown and an Islamic theocracy was put in place.
Zarathustra - 6th century b.c., Persian religious teacher.
Fidel Castro - A Cuban political leader of the twentieth century. He led the revolution that in 1959 overthrew the dictator of Cuba, who had the support of the United States. Castro then presided over his country's transformation into a communist state.
Che Guevara - Theoretician and tactician of guerrilla warfare and prominent figure in Fidel Castro's revolution in Cuba (1956–59).
Trotsky, Leon, 1879-1940, Russian Communist revolutionary, one of the principal leaders in the establishment of the USSR
Hossein Fatemi, PhD - was a famous politician of Iran, born in 1919 in Nain and was executed on 10 November 1954. He proposed the thesis of nationalization of Iranian oil and gas assets to Premiere Mossadegh
Write down any ideas or words that come to mind when you think about Iran.
Iran remains central in world affairs. It is a country with a controversial theocracy and a public that continues to stand up for individual freedoms.