Period 2: organization & reorganization of human societies, C. 600 Bce to c. 600 Ce key Concept 1 The Development & Codification of Religious & Cultural Traditions



Download 24.25 Kb.
Page1/3
Date10.03.2021
Size24.25 Kb.
  1   2   3

PERIOD 2: ORGANIZATION & REORGANIZATION OF HUMAN SOCIETIES, C. 600 BCE TO C. 600 CE

Key Concept 2.1 The Development & Codification of Religious & Cultural Traditions

  1. Codifications of existing religious traditions led to a bond among the people, ethical code to live by

  1. Judaism developed - monotheism

    1. Influenced by Mesopotamian culture and legal traditions

    2. Conquered by political states, led to diaspora communities

  2. Sanskrit scriptures formed Hinduism

  1. New belief systems emerged and spread, often asserting universal truths

  1. Buddhism

  1. Developed out of Hinduism

  2. Spread 1st through Mauryan emperor Ashoka, then through missionaries and merchants

  1. Confucianism

  1. Developed from teachings of late Zhou era philosopher Confucius

  2. Sought to promote social harmony by outlining proper rituals and social relationships for all people in China

  1. Daoism

  1. Developed from teachings of Laozi (Lao Tsu)

  2. Focused on harmony, balance

  3. Influence on Chinese culture: medical theories & practices, poetry, metallurgy, architecture

  1. Christianity

  1. Developed out of Judaism, initially rejected Roman & Hellenistic influences

  2. Pax Romana allowed for rapid spread by missionaries/merchants throughout Afro-Eurasia

  1. Greco-Roman philosophy and science

  1. Logic & empirical observation

  2. Nature of political power and hierarchy

  1. Belief systems affected gender roles

  1. Buddhism & Catholicism encouraged monastic life

  2. Confucianism emphasized filial piety

  1. Other religions/traditions continued parallel to written belief systems

  1. Shamanism & animism

  2. Ancestor veneration (know examples from Africa, Mediterranean region, East Asia, Andean areas)

  1. Artistic expressions, including literature & drama, architecture, and sculpture

  1. Literature & drama (Greek plays, Indian epics)

  2. Indian, Greek, Mesoamerican, Roman architectural styles

  3. Greco-Roman sculpture, syncretism with Buddhism




Share with your friends:
  1   2   3




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page