People abraham Lincoln—1st Republican President-elected in 1860 Jefferson Davis

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Abraham Lincoln—1st Republican President-elected in 1860-

Jefferson Davis—President of the Confederacy; West Point grad/experienced soldier

Robert E. Lee—General of the Confederate Army-West Point graduate from VA

William Tecumseh Sherman—Union General—West Point Grad—“total war”

Stonewall” Jackson-Confederate General; earned name at 1st Battle of Bull Run

George McClellan—Union General in the East—removed by Lincoln in 1862

Ulysses S. Grant—Union General in the West-“Unconditional Surrender”

David Farragut—Union naval commander, won the Battle of New Orleans

Ambrose Burnside—replaced McClellan as Union General in 1862


Border State—Missouri, Maryland, Kentucky, Delaware, states divided over whether to stay in the Union—slave states, many citizens fought for the South

Blockade—to close off a country’s ports with warships; used by the North against the South to stop imports and exports in the South

Offensive—position of attacking or the attack itself

Rebel—Confederate soldier, so called because of opposition to established government

Yankee—Union soldier (outnumbered the rebels 2:1)

Ironclad—armored naval vessel (Monitor vs. Merrimack)

Casualty—a military person killed, wounded, or captured in battle

Emancipate-to free from slavery (Lincoln issued an Emancipation Proclamation)

Ratify—to give official approval (Congress ratified the 13th Amendment)


Fort Sumter—April 1861 Federal Fort in Charleston Harbor, SC captured by the Confederacy in —first fight of Civil War; No casualties but led to secession of VA, TN, AR, & NC & Union call for volunteer troops to stop Southern rebellion

Army of the Potomac”—Union army of the East—led by Gen. McClellan

First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)-July 1861—Northern VA—1st battle of the war; Rebel victory—“Stonewall” Jackson earns his nickname; Union retreat to DC shock to the Northgoing to be a long war, call for more volunteers (3yr service)

The Monitor vs. the Merrimack—March 1862—Norfolk, VA—first battle between two ironclad ships—neither could sink the other; Rebel-Merrimack kept in harbor

Battle of Shiloh—April 1862—Tennessee--Union victory--20,000 casualties in a two day battle---led to Union gaining Corinth, MS(RR) & Memphis, TN

Battle of New Orleans—April 1862—Union Naval forces under Farragut captured New Orleans, LA—control the mouth of the Mississippi

Seven Days’ Battles—June 1862--Union goal was to capture Richmond-McClellan hesitates---Lee holds off Union from capturing Richmond; Southern strategy of wearing out the North seemed to be working

Second Battle of Bull Run—August 1862—Stonewall Jackson—Rebel Victory
Richmond no longer threatened & Confederates only 20mi. from D.C.

Antietam (Sharpsburg)—September 1862--Maryland—single bloodiest day of the war; 6,000 dead another 17,000 wounded—Confederate retreat but McClellan removed from command; victory for Union stopped British from intervening

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION—issued by Lincoln Sept. 22, 1863 following Antietam; effective Jan. 1, 1863—all slaves in the Confederate states are ordered free; Moved Britain & France to not offer recognition to the Confederacy

Thirteenth Amendment-ratified by Congress in 1865—after the Civil War ended
Constitutional amendment to abolish slavery

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