Peloponnesian War: Athens vs. Sparta



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Peloponnesian War:
Athens vs. Sparta





  • strengths:

    • Athens = naval (triremes)

    • Sparta = land


pre-war

  • 499-449 = allies in Greco-Persian Wars

  • Athenian & Spartan preeminence in Greece

  • Athenian wealth from tributes (war chest)

  • in-fighting

  • 445: truce: 30 Years’ Treaty

outbreak

  • Athens’ alliance w/Corcyra, important colony in Corinth

  • Spartan fear of growing Athenian power & wealth

  • fighting & Athenian breaking of 30YT

  • Pericles (Athens’ leader) won’t back down

  • diplomatic breakdowns


war

  • 431: Thebes (Spartan Alliance) attacks Plataea (Athenian League)

  • 431-421:

    • Sparta (Archidamus) attacks Attica

    • Athens (Pericles) refuses to use army, uses navy

    • plague – in Athens –decimates armies & civilians & morale

    • Spartan losses at sea, west

    • Lesbos revolt (428) – tributary of Athens, aided by Spartans, squashed by Athens

    • Athenian victories in Syracuse (425) & Spartan near-defeat

    • Battle of Delium (425) Spartan rebound (under Brasidas)

  • 421-415:

    • Peace of Nicias (Brasidas’ successor)

    • 6-yr. peace (diplomacy, w/squabbles)

  • 415-404:

    • Athenian attack of Sicily

    • several defeats, navy destroyed as retreated

      • 413: Athenian naval debacle at Sicily (Syracuse)

    • 411: Athens in turmoil

    • rebuilt navy, ignored suits for peace, more naval battles


END

  • 405: destruction of Athenian navy at Aegospotami by Lysander (aided by Persians)

  • 404: blockade, burned crops  starvation  surrender

    • http://etc.usf.edu/maps/pages/800/843/843.htm

    • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/449362/Peloponnesian-War

    • http://www.history.com/topics/peloponnesian-war


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