Patterson School Energy Security (dip 735-001) Spring 2014

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Patterson School

Energy Security (DIP 735-001)

Spring 2014
Dr. Stacy R. Closson Class Time: Wednesdays 1000-1230

Patterson Tower 439 Office Hours: Tuesdays 1400-1600 Telephone: 859-257-5201 or by appointment



The way countries obtain and use energy is a matter of national security. The nature of potential threats ranges from the geostrategic tensions that come with depending on oil to the destabilizing consequences of global climate change. This course will look at why energy security is such a significant challenge for countries, rich and emerging economies, the options available to these countries, and the limits to obtaining sources of energy. It will also examine how lower developing countries with and without natural resources struggle to reach energy security.

You will look at the connection between energy, the environment, and security globally. This will involve a detailed review of the international energy market and the energy economies of the major Middle Eastern states, Russia, Central Asia, China, India, Latin America and Africa. You will study how the distribution of strategic energy resources and technologies, particularly oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and renewable resources will affect the national security of all states. Finally, you will use your knowledge of the economics, science, and politics of energy to evaluate and develop energy policies in an ever changing world of reduced conventional oil supplies, climate change, water shortages, and development challenges.


At the end of the course you will be proficient in analyzing four aspects of energy security: strategic (geopolitics, poverty, and conflict), economics (markets, jobs, and the resource curse), technology (extraction, carbon capture, renewable resources, and smart grids) and global governance of the environment (international organizations and treaty regimes). You will understand the history of energy security, be aware of the data sources for current policy analysis, and be familiar with the energy security policy debate both in key energy producing and consuming states. Finally, you will be able to write policy memos, diplomatic cables, country reports, and industry case studies, as well as to persuasively present ideas, engage in global debates, and lead group discussions.

There are no prerequisites for the course.
Each class will be comprised of both a discussion followed by a debate on a current issue. The instructor will provide the lecture and students will lead the discussion. Discussion can be more or less structured, combining readings to extract general themes.
Any student with a disability who is taking this class and needs classroom or exam accommodations should contact the Disability Resource Center, 257-2754, Room 2, Alumni Gym,

Course Overview

  1. Energy Security Frameworks I/Introduction to Course [January 15]

  2. Energy Security Frameworks II [January 22]

  3. The Americas and Energy Politics [January 29]

Debate on Natural Gas Markets

  1. Europe / Energy Security and Renewable Energy [February 5]

Debate on Government Support for Renewable Energy

  1. Oil Economics [February 12]

Guest lecturer: Prof. Evan Hillebrand

Debate on Peak Oil

  1. Russia, Central Asia, China / Pipeline Politics [February 19]

Presentation: Dr. Closson

  1. The Persian Gulf and Resource Wars [February 26]

Debate on Resource Wars

  1. China, India / Climate Change [Friday, March 7]

Guest Lecturer: Tim Stumhofer

  1. Africa and Resource Curse [March 12, 2014]

Debate on the Resource Curse
Tour: March 14. 1300. E.W. Brown Generation Plant
March 17-21, 2014 Spring Break

  1. Modeling Energy [March 26, 2014]

Aron Patrick, Assistant Director, KY Energy and Environment Cabinet

  1. Global Governance of Extractive Resources [April 2]

Debate on Global Governance

  1. Energy Poverty and Sustainable Development [April 9, 2014] Debate on Energy Access

  2. Conduct a UNFCCC simulation [April 16]

  3. Electricity Sector Next Generation [April 23]

Guest Speaker: Brian Marrs “The Future of Solar Energy”. NRG Energy, Inc., Princeton, NJ. Senior Analyst, Strategy, Policy & Sustainability.

  1. Transportation Efficiency and Fuel Alternatives [April 30]

Site visit to Center for Applied Energy Research/Dr. Rodney Andrews, Director

  1. Technology Presentations [May 7, 2014]

Grade Computation

  • Participation (20%)

  • Peak oil memo (due Feb 12–20%)

  • Research paper (due March 26–20%)

  • UNFCCC simulation cable (April 16–20%)

  • Technology report (May 7–20%)


  • Assignments will be graded based on your ability to cover the topics fully and logically.

  • Assignments are expected on due date in class. Paper copies of each class assignment are expected, as well as an email copy.

    • For each day that an assignment is late, the grade will drop by 1 letter.

  • Class participation grade will be based on mandatory attendance (no absences unless approved in advance by instructor), and active (speaking) participation in the class. In addition, to get a maximum participation grade:

    • Students will do the mandatory readings, and stay abreast of energy security current events in the local papers and/or in the national news.

    • Laptops are permissible as long as they are used strictly for class note taking, though the instructor reserves the right to change this policy during the semester.

    • If a student is not participating in class discussions, instructor will send an email to the student to encourage participation. A second email will result in a letter drop in the participation grade.

  • Consider participating in the UKY Energy Club events, including weekly presentations and field trips. Available on Facebook:


  • Assignment 1: Write a 2-3 page policy memo from the Secretary of Energy to the President of the United States arguing whether the President should or should not be concerned about global “peak oil” and why. Support your argument with data. Details of memo outline to be provided in class. See class readings for week 4. See also Department of Energy, Peaking of World Oil Production: Impacts, Mitigation & Risk Management (the Hirsch report), and the Association for the Study of Peak Oil (ASPO), Assignment 1 is due February 19 in class.

  • Assignment 2: Pick one of the major energy countries – Brazil, China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Germany, France, Venezuela, Mexico, Canada, or South Africa. Examine the nexus of 3 areas: energy, environment, and national security. First, research the country’s energy mix, including production, imports, and consumption both for transportation and electricity/heating. Second, discuss how these issues affect their national security relationships with other countries, their import and export partners. Third, discuss environmental conditions and how government policies address greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector, and the impacts on energy production and generation. Conclude discussing: What are the major concerns in ensuring that priorities in energy, environment, and national security are met simultaneously? What are the trade-offs in prioritizing them? Your research paper should be about 20 pages double spaced including references. Each of the four sections above should be about equal in length. Assignment 2 is due March 26 in class.

  • Assignment 3: On April 16 in class we will conduct a simulation of a negotiation among heads of delegation at the UNFCCC COP 20 Peru (scheduled for December 2014). Working in teams of two, you will represent 6 countries. During the negotiation, you will state your positions regarding the content of a treaty to be concluded by December 2015. You will address the type of agreement, climate emissions targets, and one other issue important to your country. You may choose from: United States, India, European Union, African LDC, Ukraine, Australia, and an Island Nation. You will summarize the positions of all 6 countries in a 2 page cable back to your foreign ministries. Cable is due April 17 by 0900.

  • Assignment 4: Throughout the semester, you will follow one leading energy technology (e.g., solar water heaters, marine generation, bio fuels, compressed natural gas, electric vehicles, battery storage, etc.). Produce a 2 page report summarizing institutes/businesses (private and public) engaged in developing the technology. Include the type of technology, application, organizations involved, status of development, and prospective applications. You will present your findings in a 10-minute presentation to the class using whatever visuals assist. Paper is due in class May 7 at time of presentation.


Students need to notify the professor of absences prior to class when possible. S.R. defines the following as acceptable reasons for excused absences: (a) serious illness, (b) illness or death of family member, (c) University-related trips, (d) major religious holidays, and (e) other circumstances found to fit “reasonable cause for nonattendance” by the professor. Students may be asked to verify their absences in order for them to be considered excused. Senate Rule states that faculty have the right to request “appropriate verification” when students claim an excused absence because of illness or death in the family. Appropriate notification of absences due to university-related trips is required prior to the absence.
Students anticipating an absence for a major religious holiday are responsible for notifying the instructor in writing of anticipated absences due to their observance of such holidays no later than the last day in the semester to add a class. Information regarding dates of major religious holidays may be obtained through the religious liaison, Mr. Jake Karnes (859-257-2754).
Students are expected to withdraw from the class if more than 20% of the classes scheduled for the semester are missed (excused or unexcused) per university policy.


Per university policy, students shall not plagiarize, cheat, or falsify or misuse academic records. Students are expected to adhere to University policy on cheating and plagiarism in all courses. The minimum penalty for a first offense is a zero on the assignment on which the offense occurred. If the offense is considered severe or the student has other academic offenses on their record, more serious penalties, up to suspension from the university may be imposed.
Plagiarism and cheating are serious breaches of academic conduct. Each student is advised to become familiar with the various forms of academic dishonesty as explained in the Code of Student Rights and Responsibilities. Complete information can be found at the following website: A plea of ignorance is not acceptable as a defense against the charge of academic dishonesty. It is important that you review this information as all ideas borrowed from others need to be properly credited.
Part II of Student Rights and Responsibilities (available online states that all academic work, written or otherwise, submitted by students to their instructors or other academic supervisors, is expected to be the result of their own thought, research, or self-expression. In cases where students feel unsure about the question of plagiarism involving their own work, they are obliged to consult their instructors on the matter before submission.
When students submit work purporting to be their own, but which in any way borrows ideas, organization, wording or anything else from another source without appropriate acknowledgement of the fact, the students are guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism includes reproducing someone else’s work, whether it be a published article, chapter of a book, a paper from a friend or some file, or something similar to this. Plagiarism also includes the practice of employing or allowing another person to alter or revise the work which a student submits as his/her own, whoever that other person may be.
Students may discuss assignments among themselves or with an instructor or tutor, but when the actual work is done, it must be done by the student, and the student alone. When a student’s assignment involves research in outside sources of information, the student must carefully acknowledge exactly what, where and how he/she employed them. If the words of someone else are used, the student must put quotation marks around the passage in question and add an appropriate indication of its origin. Making simple changes while leaving the organization, content and phraseology intact is plagiaristic. However, nothing in these Rules shall apply to those ideas which are so generally and freely circulated as to be a part of the public domain (Section 6.3.1).
Please note: Any assignment you turn in may be submitted to an electronic database to check for plagiarism.

If you have a documented disability that requires academic accommodations, please see me as soon as possible during scheduled office hours. In order to receive accommodations in this course, you must provide me with a Letter of Accommodation from the Disability Resource Center (Room 2, Alumni Gym, 257-2754, email address: for coordination of campus disability services available to students with disabilities.

Reading List
Required Reading

  • Kalicki, Jan and David Goldwyn, editors, Energy & Security: Strategies for a World in Transition, second edition. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Press. Hereinafter referred to as Kalicki and Goldwyn

Recommended Viewing
The Prize, based on Daniel Yergin’s book of the same name. PBS mini-series, 7 episodes of about 50 minutes each in length.

Available at:

Relevant References
You should monitor at least the following academic journals, all of which contain relevant articles. Depending on your own interests, you will also need to monitor the relevant area studies journals.
Atlantic Council, Energy and Environment,


Baker Institute, Energy Forum Research,

Brookings Institution, Energy

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Energy and Climate

Center for Naval Analysis, Energy Research,

Council on Foreign Relations, Energy and Environment

Energy Information Agency – Country Analysis Briefs. (archived video)

The Energy Collective

Energy Policy Research Foundation, Inc.  

Environmental Protection Agency, Clean Energy

Harvard University, Belfer Center, Energy Technology Innovation Policy

International Energy Agency:


MIT Energy

Oil Drum Blog archived:

Opower Blog:

Oxford Institute for Energy Studies,

Scrapbook of a Climate Hawk

Securing America’s Future Energy,

Stanford, Precourt Center for Energy Research,

Switch Energy Project

Webber Energy Group, University of Texas at Austin,

White House Blog: Energy and the Environment:

World Bank Energy:

World Resources Institute
You should also keep up-to-date with contemporary events by reviewing the international press e.g., The Economist Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post etc.
Note: LexisNexis via the UKY Library webpage accesses hundreds of energy resources: Platts, Oil and Gas Journal, Petroleum Economist, among many others.
Movies to be shown during the course (TBD):

Coal in Kentucky: A documentary

Carbon Nation,




Planet RE:think

Energy At the Movies:
Course Schedule
Week 1 (January 15) Energy Frameworks

  • What is energy security for consumers versus producers?

  • How are concerns of energy, environment, and security interrelated?

  • How do addressing energy, climate, and environment, and national security together require a new framework?

Part VI. Toward a New Energy Security Strategy by Jan Kalicki and David Goldwyn

17 Technology Development and Energy Security by Melanie A. Kenderdine and Ernest J. Moniz

18 Electricity Access in Emerging Markets by Charles K. Ebinger and John P. Banks

19 Governance, Transparency, and Sustainable Development by Charles McPherson

20 Managing Strategic Reserves by Michelle Billig Patron and David L. Goldwyn

21 Energy, Environment, and Climate: Framework and Tradeoffs by Michael Levi

22 National Security, Energy, Climate Change: New Paradigm; New Strategy; New Governance by Leon Fuerth

23 The Challenge of Politics by Frank Verrastro and Kevin Book

Commentary on Part VI by John M. Deutch

Week 2 (January 22) Energy Frameworks II
Part I The Global Framework by Jan Kalicki and David Goldwyn

1The Global Energy Outlook, Richard Newell and Stuart Iler

2 Energy Security and Markets by Daniel Yergin

3 The Gas Promise by David G. Victor

4 Valuing Safety Even When the Market Doesn’t Notice by William K. Reilly

5 OPEC: Can the Cartel Survive Another 50 Years?

6 Energy Sector Governance in the 21st Century by William C. Ramsay

Commentary on Part I by Chakib Khelil

Week 3 (January 29): The Americas and Energy Geopolitics

  • What are America’s Energy Opportunities?

  • How important are energy relations between the U.S. and Latin America?

  • Are Canada and the U.S. sacrificing climate concerns in return for gains from oil sands production?

  • Will Mexico create a robust energy sector once again?

Part V The Western Hemisphere by Kalicki and Goldwyn,

15 North America by Shirley Neff and Angelina LaRose

16 Latin America by Thomas F. Mack McLarty

Commentary on Part V by Michelle Michot Foss

Debate on Hydraulic Fracturing.
Week 4 (February 5): Europe and Renewable Resources

  • What are the challenges to Europe meetings its energy security goals?

  • Can Europe move beyond its dependency on Russian gas?

Part II, Europe, Eurasia, and the Arctic in Kalicki and Goldwyn

7 European Gas Supply Security: Unfinished Business by Pierre Noel

8 Russia and Eurasia by Julia Nanay and Jan H. Kalicki

9 The Arctic: Promise or Peril? By Charles Emmerson

Commentary on Part II by Alexander V. Gorban

Debate: Should European governments continue to support renewable energy increases?
Eurropean Commission, “Renewable Energy Road Map: Renewable energies in the 21st century: building a more sustainable future”, January 10, 2007.
European Commission, “Energy Roadmap 2050” December 15, 2011.
Energy Transition: The German Energiewende
Frank Laird and Christoph Stefes, 2010. The diverging paths of German and United States policies for renewable energy: sources of difference. Paper presented at APSA.
Week 5 (February 12) Oil Economics

  • What is meant by ‘peak oil’?

  • What is the price elasticity of oil?

  • What does the future hold for global oil supply?

Debate on Peak Oil

Kenneth S Deffeys, Beyond Oil: The View from Hubbert’s Peak, 2006, chps 7, 8 and 9

Steve Yetiv, “The Chief Guarantor of Oil Stability”, chp. 4 in Crude Awakenings, 2004, pp 59-76
Eugene Golhz and Daryl Press, “Energy Alarmism: The Myths That Make Americans Worry About Oil”, April 5, 2007
Daniel Yergin, “Is the World Running Out of Oil?” in The Quest, 2011, chp. 11.
Securing America’s Future Energy, “Oil Security 2025: U.S. National Security Policy in an Era of Domestic Oil Abundance”
Robert McNally and Michael Levi, “Volatile Oil Prices are Here to Stay,” Foreign Affairs, July/August 2011
Week 6 (February 19): Russia, China, Central Asia and Pipeline Politics

  • What is the future of Caspian based gas and why does it matter?

  • What are the politics of pipelines?

  • What is the relationship between Russia, Central Asia, and China in ‘eastern energy’

Geir Flikke, “Collusive Status-Seeking: The Sino-Russian Relations,” in Stephen J. Blank, “Central Asia after 2014,” Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, 2013. Chapter 3
Stacy Closson, “A Comparative Analysis on Energy Subsidies in Soviet and Russian Policy” Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 44, No. 4, December 2011, pp. 343-356. (Dropbox)
Daniel Yergin, “Russia Returns” and “The Caspian Derby” in The Quest, 2011, chps 1, 2. (Dropbox)
Ed Chow and Leigh E. Hendrix, NBR Report #23, September 2010, “Central Asia’s Pipelines: Field of Dreams and Reality,”

Paul Stevens, NBR Report #23, September 2010, “Oil and Gas Pipelines: Prospects and Problems.

Schoichi Itoh, NBR Report #23, September 2010, “The Geopolotics of Northeast Asia’s Pipeline Development,”

All in:

Audio: Global Security Forum 2013: Geopolitical Implications of a Reconnecting Eurasia,

Review: Part II, Europe, Eurasia, and the Arctic in Kalicki and Goldwyn

7 European Gas Supply Security: Unfinished Business by Pierre Noel

8 Russia and Eurasia by Julia Nanay and Jan H. Kalicki

Week 7 (February 26) The Persian Gulf and Resource Wars

  • How has OPEC, in particular Saudi Arabia, affected the price of oil?

  • Does global oil trade spur conflict?

  • Were the Iraq wars about oil?

Part III. Middle East and Africa, Kalicki and Goldwyn

10 Iraq, Iran, and the Gulf Region by J. Robinson West and Raad Alkadiri

11 North Africa and the Mediterranean by Fareed Mohamedi

Pascual, chp. 2 (Maloney) (dropbox)
Luft, chp. 4 (Klare); chp. 5 (Fettweis) (dropbox)
David Victor and Rebuttals, “What Resource Wars”, The National Interest, Nov/Dec 2007 and Jan/Feb, 2008 (dropbox)
Daniel Yergin, “War In Iraq” in The Quest, chp. 7 (dropbox)
Susanne Peters, Coercive Western Energy Security Strategies: Resource Wars as a New Threat to Global Security, Geopolitics. (dropbox)
Week 8 (Friday, March 7, 9-11AM): China, India / Climate Change  

Guest Speaker: Tim Stumhofer, Senior Program Associate, GHG Management Institute

  • How does China’s use of oil, natural gas, and other energy sources affect world energy security?

  • Likewise, how does India’s quest for energy compete with China and the U.S?

  • How affective has global governance been in mitigating climate change?  Are China and India supporting or hindering these efforts? 

Kalicki and Goldwyn, Part IV. The Pacific Rim

13. China, India, and Asian Energy by Jaffe and Medlock

14. Japan, Southeast Asia, and Australia by Herberg

 Robert O. Keohane and David G. Victor, “The Regime Complex for Climate Change,” Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 9, No. 1, March 2011, pp. 7-23.

Nicholas Stern and James Rydge, “The New Energy-industrial Revolution and International Agreement on Climate Change, Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 101-119.

Earth Negotiations Bulletin, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Tuesday, 26 November 2013,

National Intelligence Council, “India: the Impact of Climate Change to 2030,” 2009,

 National Intelligence Council, “China: the Impact of Climate Change to 2030,” 2009,

 Climate Change Negotiations

The Pew Center, Climate Change 101, January 2009 Update,

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

World Resources Institute, A Pathway to a Climate Change Agreement in 2015: Options for Setting and Reviewing GHG Emission Reduction Offers.

Center for Global Development, “Wanted: A Climate Agency for a Bottom-Up World –A Proposal for a New Arm of the World Bank.

Week 9 Africa and Resource Curse [March 12, 2014]
Part III. The Middle East and Africa by Kalicki and Goldwyn

12. Sub-Saharan Africa by Phillip van Niekerk and Aaron Sayne

Part VI. Toward a New Energy Security Strategy

19. Governance, Transparency, and Sustainable Development by Charles McPherson

Ghazvinian ‘Untapped’: the Scramble for Africa’s Oil, chps. 4 and 7
Larry Diamond and Mosbacher, 2013. Petroleum to the People. Foreign Affairs, 00157120, Sep/Oct2013, Vol. 92, Issue 5
Ross, Michael. 2013. The Oil Curse. “More Petroleum, Less Democracy,” chp. 3. Princeton.
Todd Moss and Lauren Young,”Saving Ghana from Its Oil: The Case for Direct Cash Distribution. Center for Global Development, Working Paper Series 186, October 2009.
Sanjeev Gupta and Eva Jenkner, “ Natural Resource Endowments, Governance and Domestic Revenue Mobilization: Lessons for the CEMAC Region.” In Bernardin Akitoby and Sharmini Coorey, Oil Wealth in Central Africa: Policies for Inclusive Growth. IMF, 2012.
Week 10 Modeling Energy Security with Guest Lecturer Aron Patrick

  • What are Kentucky’s energy concerns given its energy mix? 

  • What are the economics of coal in Kentucky? 

  • What are the challenges to adding more alternative energies to the mix?

MACED, “The Economics of Coal in Kentucky: Current Impacts and Future Prospects” June 25, 2009,

MACED, “Potential Impacts of a Renewable and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in Kentucky” Executive Summary,
David G. Victor and Kassia Yanosek, “The Crisis in Clean Energy,” Foreign Affairs July/August 2011
Sanya Carely, “The Era of State Energy Policy Innovation: A Review of Policy Instruments,” Policy Review Research, Review of Policy Research, pp. 265-294
Review for Model
Kentucky Department for Energy Development and Independence, “2012 Energy Profile,” (Quick Links, right side)

Week 11 (April 2) Global Governance of Extractive Resources

  • Can extractive resources be globally governed between consumers and producers?

  • Can hydrocarbon production in a sovereign state be globally governed?

  • What role do oil markets play in oil pricing?

Benjamin Sovacool and Ann Florini, “Examining the Complications of Global Energy Governance,” Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2012

Amy Myers Jaffe and Ronald Soligo, “State Backed Financing in Oil and Gas Projects,” in Andreas Goldthau and Jan Martin Witte, eds., Global Energy Governance: The New Rules of the Game, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2010, chp. 6
Wilfrid L. Kohl, “Consumer Country Energy Cooperation: The International Energy Agency and the Global Energy Order,” in Andreas Goldthau and Jan Martin Witte, eds., Global Energy Governance: The New Rules of the Game, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2010, chp. 10
Enno Harks, “The International Energy Forum and the Mitigation of Oil Market Risks” in Andreas Goldthau and Jan Martin Witte, eds., Global Energy Governance: The New Rules of the Game, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2010, chp. 12
Margonelli, Lisa, Oil on the Brain: Petroleum’s Long, Strange Trip to Your Tank, Broadway Books, 2007, chp. 6 “Nymex Oil Market.”
Review: Kalicki and Goldwyn, chp. 6 Energy Sector Governance in the 21st Century by William C. Ramsey
Week 12 (April 9) Energy Poverty and Sustainable Development

  • What causes energy poverty? 

  • What are the obstacles to alleviating energy poverty?

  • Is large scale generation, distributed generation, or off grid the solution?

  • Is universal access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy services by 2030 financially and technologically achievable?

Rebecca J. Elias and David G. Victor, “Energy Transitions in Developing Countries: a Review of Concepts and Literature,” Stanford Working Paper #40, June 2005
Allen Hammond  et al., The Next Four Billion, Chapter 7 ‘The Energy Market’ March, 2007,
Douglas F. Barnes et al., ‘Modernizing Energy Services for the Poor,’ World Bank, December 2010 (Executive Summary and Chapters 1 and 5 only)
Adrian J Bradbrook and Judith G Gardam, ‘Placing Access to Energy Services within a Human Rights Framework’ Human Rights Quarterly; May 2006; 28, 2.
Review Kalicki and Goldwyn

18. Electricity Access in Emerging Markets


Stanford’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development
World Bank Energy Outlook, Energy Access Database:
International Energy Agency, “Energy for All: Financing Access for the Poor,” October 2011.

USAID, “Climate Change and Development: Clean Resilient Growth,”  January 2012,
Week 13 Conduct a UNFCCC simulation [April 16]
Week 14 Electricity Sector Next Generation [April 23]

Guest Speaker: Brian Marrs “The Future of Solar Energy”. NRG Energy, Inc., Princeton, NJ. Senior Analyst, Strategy, Policy & Sustainability.

Week 15 Transportation Efficiency and Fuel Alternatives [April 30]

Site visit to Center for Applied Energy Research/Dr. Rodney Andrews, Director

  • Which alternatives to oil (plug in hybrids, fully electrical vehicles, biofuels, natural gas, coal-to-liquids, etc.) offer the best replacement?

  • What policies would aid alternatives to oil fuelled transportation?

  • How has the CAER benefitted from public-private investment in energy innovation?

World Energy Monitor, “Biofuel: The New Fulcrum,” Vol 3, No. 3, March 2012.

Data: IEA, ‘Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels 2009, April 2011,
DOT's Strategic Plan, "New Ideas for a Nation on the Move", FY 2006-2011,
DOE EERE,, and National Renewable Energy Lab site,

EPA ‘Renewable and Alternative Fuels’,

Week 16 Technology Presentations [May 7, 2014]

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