To what extent and in what ways did nationalist tensions in the Balkans between 1870 and 1914 contribute to the outbreak of the First World War?
“ Every successful revolution puts on in time the robes of the tyrant it has deposed.” Evaluate this statement with regard to the English Revolution, the French Revolution and the Russian Revolution. (78)
What aspects of Russian society and institutions were most changed and what aspects least changed by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917? Limit your discussion to the first ten years 1917-27 of the new regime and account for the changes you note. (80)
In what ways and why did Lenin alter Marxism? (83)
Compare and contrast the roles of the peasantry and of urban workers in the French Revolution of 1789 and to those of the peasantry and of urban workers in the Russian Revolutions of 1917. (85)
“ The tsarist regime fell in 1917 because it had permitted tremendous change and progress in some areas while trying to maintain a political order that had outlived its time.” Assess the validity of this statement as an explanation of the abdication of Nicholas II in 1917. (87)
Describe and analyze the long-term social and economic trends in the period 1860 to 1917 that prepared the ground for revolution in Russia. (94)
To what extent did the emancipation of Russian serfs and other reforms in the nineteenth century contribute to the modernization of Russia before the First World War?
Compare and contrast the degree of success of treaties negotiated in Vienna (1814-1815) and Versailles (1919) in achieving European stability.(99)
How did new theories in physics and psychology in the period from 1900 to 1939 challenge existing ideas about the individual and society? (2001)
Analyze the impact of the First World War on European Society in the interwar period 1919-1939. (02)
Compare and contrast the relationship between artists and society in the Baroque era and in the twentieth century. Illustrate your essay with references to at least TWO examples for each period.(03)
Compare and contrast the extent to which the French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Russian Revolution (11917-1924) changed the status of women.(04)
Analyze the ways in which technology and mass culture contributed to the success of dictators in the 1920s and 1930s.(04)
Contrast the impact of nationalism in German and the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1914.(04)
Analyze the participation of European women in the economy and in politics from 1914 to 1939. Use examples from at least TWO countries.(04)
Asses the extent to which the economic and political ideals of Karl Marx were realized in post revolutionary Russia in the period from 1917 to 1939.(05)
Compare and contrast the roles of British working-women in the pre-industrial economy (before 1750) with their roles in the era 1850 to 1920.
Compare and contrast the crises in state authority that precipitated the French Revolution in 1789 and the February and October Revolutions in Russia in 1917.