Why are details of her dress emphasised here?
Why is Emma represented in this fetishistic fashion: broken down into tiny parts/details which are individually worshipped?
What is the effect of this style of representation upon Emma’s identity?
What is the narrative point of view here?
Is this comic? Grotesque? What purpose does this episode fulfil in terms of the narrative?
20-1 What does Charles’ attitude to widowerhood reveal of his character?
For what are such details preparing us?
Notice the physical details which Charles notices during the silence: do they remind us of “Mariana”? What kind of effect do they create?
Do you sympathise with it?
What is the purpose of the detailed description of the cake?
What does the guest’s behaviour reveal of this milieu?
How does the narrative point of view offer an opinion of this milieu?
What is your attitude to this milieu?
How might this image be symbolic?
What view of marriage does this “moment” present?
Can you detect any attitude toward Charles in the tone of the narration here?
Do we feel we know Emma very well yet? Do we know Charles any better?
Read the whole chapter carefully, and consider:
Do you sympathise with her?
[also look at the language describing the landscape in which she walks the dog: “Mariana” again?]
Which attitude to her life does the spider image convey?
What is Emma’s attitude to Djali the dog?
Why is she suddenly “seized with fear”?
44 How is sound imagery used to create atmosphere?
Why are the paintings significant for Emma?
What kind of “picture” of this milieu do they present?
How does Flaubert use close observation and sensory imagery to describe the dinner?
Which impressions of the dinner do these techniques create?
Is there any irony in the way Emma regards him and the way he appears to us?
Is the atmosphere one of intimacy or detachment?
What is the significance of the glass breaking?
Why does Emma remember Les Bertaux now?
What is her attitude to her fellow guests?
What does the description of breakfast etc tell us of life at the chateau?
47Why the description of the harnesses in the stables?
How might these relate to Emma’s situation?
Carriage ride home: “Emma, in silence, was watching the wheels go round”.
What is she thinking/feeling?
How can we describe this state of mind in terms of dreams/reality?
Think about the significance of these two objects:
What imagery does she use to describe its impression upon her?
Are these images positive or negative?
Why does Emma invest so much emotion in this object? Is this merely the function of imagination/romanticism?
“The memory of the Viscount haunted her reading”.
How does she fuse the memory of him with the literature she reads?
Which imagery describes the effect of this imaginative fusion, and what is its effect?
“As to the rest of the world, it was nothing, it was nowhere”.
55 What do you think of Emma’s attitude to love?
How does Flaubert juxtapose these idealised imaginings with Emma’s real milieu?
What is the effect?
How can you describe Emma’s behaviour?
Of what ideas/emotions could this be a vignette?
What imagery is used to describe Charles’ attitude to Emma?
Is there any irony in the description of Emma’s “refinements”?
Of what might this aspirational consumerism be an expression?!
57-8 Is Emma’s attitude to Charles justified?
What is the tone of this description of Charles?
What is your attitude toward him?
How do images of circularity and repetition seem to trap Emma?
63 Why is Emma attempting to make herself sick? Is she inhabiting another role? (Recall her youthful impersonations of the religious and the bereaved in Chapter 6…)
Does this action have Gothic/fairytale overtones?
What is the effect of this incident?
66-7 Look at the provincial details of the description of Yonville.
What kind of atmosphere do the details and imagery create?
How does Flaubert use irony to mock the pretensions of this town?
74 Which of Emma’s features does this description focus upon?
How does Leon respond to her?
75ff Read the exchange between Leon and Emma carefully.
What attracts them to each other?
Which qualities do they affect to prize?
How does the narrative voice mock their pretensions?
82 What is Charles’ attitude to Emma’s pregnancy? Why?
What are Emma’s feelings about the pregnancy?
What does this tell us about her attitude to her own femininity?
Why does he describe it as a “dark abyss”?
What does Emma do while Leon reads poetry to her?
How is it similar to the lantern images in chapter 6?
Why does Leon give Emma a cactus?
How does Leon feel toward Emma?
How does Emma feel?
What does the reappearance of the fissure imagery reveal of her situation?
[compare to chapter 9 p. 52]
How are Leon and Charles juxtaposed in Emma’s gaze?
mark of a sublime destiny”.
This outward “seduction” makes the townsfolk admire her.
Is this another narcissistic pose?
How can you characterise her behaviour and motivation here?
What does she seek from the church?
Do you have any sympathy for Emma here?
What does each admire in the other?
Is his assessment of Charles and Emma accurate?
127 What is the effect of the description of the townsfolk and animals?
Does it present a positive or negative image?
What might its purpose be?
And of his?
Why did Rodolphe choose to wear the boots?
What does this tell us about his attitude to Emma?
What does Rodolphe’s gaze focus upon as he walks behind Emma?
Of whom does this remind us?
How is their lovemaking described? Why?
150 What is the physical effect of the affair upon Emma?
When she “savour[s]” the idea of a lover, which aspects of her character are revealed? What does she “savour” about it?
What does this reveal of her character?
Why doesn’t Emma know what made her unhappy?
Why does she interest herself in Berthe at this point?
161 What motivates Homais to suggest that Charles operate on Hippolyte?
166 What is the effect of the graphic description of Hippolyte’s sufferings?
What does it tell us about their characters?
…and about their marriage?
173 What motivates Emma to suggest that she and Rodolphe run away?
How does he express it??
How does the dsecription of the landscape used to create atmosphere?
How do Rodolphe’s concerns contrast with Emma’s?
How is his character evident in his manipulations of language?
197 How does Emma measure time during her convalescence?
Does it remind us of other times of her life?
Why does she immerse herself in charitable works?
Any irony here??
206 ff Read the description of the opera.
How does Emma respond to each aspect of this scene, and why?
Find out the story of Lucia di Lammermoor.
Why might Emma identify with this character?
217 ff Observe Emma’s and Leon’s seduction of each other.
Is this to deceive each other?