Part I: Reviewing the Chapter A. Checklist of Learning Objectives
Put the following events in correct order by numbering them from 1 to 5.
. __________ Germany’s resumption of submarine warfare forces the United States into a declaration of war.
. __________ The Senate’s final defeat of the Versailles treaty and a Republican election victory end Wilson’s last hopes for American entry into the League of Nations.
. __________ The United States takes the first hesitant steps toward preparedness in the event of war.
. __________ The effectiveness of American combat troops in crucial battles helps bring about an Allied victory in World War I.
. __________ Wilson struggles with other Allied leaders in Paris to hammer out a peace treaty and organize the postwar world.
F. Matching Cause and Effect
Match the historical cause in the left column with the proper effect in the right column by writing the correct letter on the blank line.
G. Developing Historical Skills
Analyzing Visual Propaganda
This exercise involves analyzing visual propaganda designed to make emotional appeals on behalf of a cause. In this case, the propaganda was designed to enlist the American public’s support for the war effort against Germany. The kinds of propaganda used on behalf of a cause can tell the historian a great deal about what issues were perceived to be at stake and what public values were being appealed to.
Answer the following questions about the cartoons and drawings in this chapter.
1. Anti-German Propaganda (p.749): How do the words and image of this poster work together to persuade an American audience to buy liberty loans? Besides the specific message, what general portrait of Germany, the war, and America’s reasons for fighting are conveyed?
. Patriotic Persuasion (p. 749): How does this army recruitment poster convey the idea that both patriotism and social solidarity can be served by joining the military? At what social class of young man is the poster evidently aimed?
3. Food for Thought (p. 755): How does this poster visually make the connection between the patriotic war effort and gardens? What specific words or phrases create the link between women’s food-growing effort and military service on fields of combat? What specific appeal is this image making to women?
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