Part a – essential information identity and Location

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Peru - Cedularios del Peru Virreinal

1. Identity and Location

1.1 Name of documentary heritage

Cedularios del Peru Virreinal

    1. Country


    1. State, province or region

City of Lima

    1. Address

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima

Avenida Sucre 1200 - Lima 21

Historical Archive on Boundaries

Jirón Lampa 545 - Lima 1

Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima

Plaza de Armas s/n - Lima 1

    1. Name of organization or institution (if appropriate)

See 1.4

2. Legal Information

    1. Owner (name and contact details)

Archbishopric of Lima

Plaza de Armas s/n - Lima 1

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru

Jirón Lampa 545 - Lima 1

Municipality of Metropolitan Lima

Plaza de Armas s/n - Lima 1

    1. Custodian (name and contact details)

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima

Historical Archive on Boundaries

Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima
2.3 Legal status ( if different from 2.1)

(a) category of ownership (e.g. public, corporate or private)

Private Archive

Public Archive

Public Archive
(b) details of legal and administrative provisions for the preservation of the documentary heritage

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima is governed by the regulations elaborated in 1992 and established by the most eminent Monsignor Augusto Vargas Alzamora, Primate Cardinal of Peru.

Historical Archive on Boundaries is governed by the regulations for the Archive Service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, proved by Record Nº 1293, dated May 2, 2000.
(c) accessibility

Submission of a request and authorization of such by the capable authority, provide the accessibility of these three archives that is complete to all researchers.

(d) copyright status

documents are part of the Cultural Heritage of the Nation.

2.4 Responsible administration

details should be given of the mechanism or organization already established, or to be established, to ensure the proper management of the documentary heritage

3. Identification

3.1 Description and inventory

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima stores all the documentation made by the ecclesiastical management from the arrival of the first Hispanic conquerors (1532) to 1950. The Church, as a governing entity parallel to the Spanish Crown, interfered in political, social, economic and cultural aspects, emphasizing the importance of the Archbishopric of Lima since its beginning, owing to its extension area of influence was extended almost all South America, from Panama to Chile, except for Brazil and modifying the territorial intervention with the creation of other diocese.
Historical Archive on Boundaries keeps all the documentation stored in different archives of the country, in order to preserve Peruvian land rights, as stipulated by Supreme Decree Nº 327 dated December 11, 1896. Documentation that covers from 1533 up to now.
Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima keeps all the documentation made by the Municipality of Lima from 1535 to 1920.
Real Cedula is one of the fundamental documents for the Hispanic conquest and colonization in America, because therein the person who governed expressed his/her will and interest for determined subjects. Almost always it was preceded by a letter, asking for information to the proper authority about the subject that was supposed to be improved or corrected. However, it included diverse references to experiences lived in other viceroyalties.
Cedularios do not only comprise Reales Cedulas but also all the pragmatic Cedulas, provisions, instructions, letters, bylaws, authorizations and other more particular regulations emanated from the sovereign’s will.
For this reason, Cedularios are frequently considered of extremely importance for the historical studies of Spanish America, because they clearly reflect the political intention of the Spanish Crown.
3.2 Bibliographic/Registration details
3.3 Visual documentation, if appropriate (for example, photographs or a video of the documentary heritage)
3.4 History
Cedulario del Peru consists of 72 volumes that covers from 1531 to 1821. It is about relatively complete collections. However, they include the regulations issued by the royal authorities that are in original, testimonies, printed or copied; and other documents such as the original correspondence obtained by Council in compliance with its functions.
In all cases, heterogeneity of contents and format of the papers referred, responds to the documents that they include therein were compiled or copied with several criterion and under the exigencies of the moment.
3.5 Bibliography: Please indicate up to three published sources describing the proposed documentary heritage.
Cedulario Indiano. Compiled by Diego de Encinas. Facsimile reprint of the sole edition of 1596. Madrid, Hispanic Cultural Edition, 1945. 4 volumes.
3.6 Names, qualifications and contact details of up to three independent people or organizations with expert knowledge about the values and provenance of the documentary heritage

- Fundación Histórica Tavera (Madrid, Spain)

- Mellon Foundation (USA)

- University of Harvard

- Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

- Universidad Mayor de San Marcos

- Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

- Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos

- John Rowe

- Guillermo Lohmann Villena

- Pablo Macera

  1. Management plan – see below Annex 1

In this proposal, the Archives presented, with exception of the Historical Archive on Boundaries of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Peru, preserve their documentation in a precarious way, due to the lack of financial support by the owner entities. Their particular documentary heritage is influenced by the lack of an appropriate environment avoiding humidity and pollution, and by their localization in non appropriate places for their preservation.

5. Assessment against the Selection Criteria

5.1 Assessment of the documentary heritage against each criterion described in Annex 2.

Influence: Peruvian Viceroyalty had a significant importance and preponderance over all the Spanish American territory and over the others colonial and administrative dimensions.
Among the main sources of the History of the India right and the History of the Conquest, we find, undoubtedly, the Cedularios Reales, that are the collection of Reales Cedulas given by the King and Queen of Spain for the government and management of the Indies.
This collection is of vital importance. It establishes a very strange set of signatures from Charles V, Felipe II, Prince and then King, and the signatures from each Viceroy, as well as it contributes to the expert in order that he/she continues, in detail, with the management of the Crown in possession of the Indies. We almost can say, step by step, about the daily life, proved by the officers in charge of governing it. In these collections, we can observe the legal evolution, reflected as a weak one, but constant in the practice, the increasing humanization of the war against the Indian and the coexistence among him and the conqueror. In these provisions there is complete information for biographies of the conquerors. In respect to the economic history, Cedularios del Tribunal del Consulado grant plenty of material for studying the trade of colonies with the metropolis and therefore with the rest f the world.

Cedularios del Cabildo provide the data about the evolution of human rights in relation to the natural ones as well as the concern of the Spanish about the preservation of the natural resources.

In respect of the Cedularios del Obispado, we can find measures related to the expansion of the Catholic Religion in the new world, as well as the demarcation of great territorial districts.
It is undeniable the importance and interest of a collection of documents for the History of the Peruvian Viceroyalty, which covered the vast majority of South America, systematically organized since XVI century where, with the arrival of the Spanish, the handwriting and the first historical texts were introduced.
Time: Comprise the centuries between the Hispanic conquest and colonization in America.
Place: Issues dealt with in the majority of Cedulas are common to the different American areas.
People: Society of Viceroyalty as a whole.
Theme: The basis of the India right was the Real Cedula. It comprised various and varied items: economic item such as the tithe and the currency; ecclesiastical item such as the establishment of parishes or the catechization of the indigenous mass; social item such as the uprising, the Protestants’ admission or the families’ constitution; political item such as the delimitation of new territories; and artistic item such as the building of the Cathedral and other structures of that period.
Form and Style: Real Cedula style is exactly such as a compulsory order from one authority to another.
Social Value: In short, Reales Cedulas are essential documents for the study of the Spanish American history. Some of these have been necessary elements for the taking of important governmental decisions in the American continent, such as Real Cedula dated May 15, 1802, reliable and representative testimony for the boundary problem between Peru and Equator.

Secondary Criterion
Integrity.- It is about a complete documentary heritage located in different repositories of Lima, as indicated in the first items of this format. Moreover, the Riva-Agüero Historical Archive reserves 2 Reales Cedulas which complete the Cedularios of the Viceroyalty.
5.2 Contextual assessment including an assessment of the importance of a series of documents, the importance of a series of documents in a particular setting, and the assessment against other documentary heritage
Importance: Reales Cedulas are extremely important, without them it is impossible to understand exactly the organization, management and society of the Viceroyalty.
5.3 An evaluation of the authenticity
An assessment of authenticity and of the value of documents are completely irrelevant due their elaboration by the maximum authority. The paper where the Reales Cedulas were written as well as the ink, the handwriting and the signatures belong, for certain, to the period that they represent.
5.4 An assessment of rarity (if appropriate)
6. Consultation

6.1 Details of consultation about the nomination with the:

  1. Owner

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima

Historical Archive on Boundaries

Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima

  1. Custodian

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima

Historical Archive on Boundaries

Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima
(c) Relevant Regional or National Memory of the World Committee (if appropriate)

7. Nominator

    1. Name

Historical Archiepiscopal Archive of Lima

Laura Gutiérrez Arbulú

Historical Archive on Boundaries

Yolanda G. Bisso Drago


Historical Archive of the Municipality of Lima

Aída Mendoza Navarro

Institutional Head

7.2 Relationship to documentary heritage

7.3 Contact person (if appropriate)

7.4 Contact details

7.5 E-mail: Web Site:

Libro de informes y consultas del Real Tribunal del Consulado de la

ciudad de Lima 1774 - 1778

Provisión del virrey don Francisco de Toledo dada en la ciudad de

Arequipa el 24 de octubre de 1575, a los oficiales reales del Cusco, para

que los moradores y naturales de la ciudad, realicen algún servicio para

ayudar al Rey.

Testimonio de Reales Cédulas y Provisiones remitidas por su majestad al

Real Tribunal del Consulado de la ciudad de Lima. 1593 - 1670

Provisión del virrey Martín Enriquez, dada en la ciudad de los Reyes el

12 de enero de 1582, para que los corregidores de naturales del Cusco

puedan dar a los encomenderos los indios que tuvieran necesidad.

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