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* . This paper was also presented at the 2nd conference of the Associazione Italiana per la Storia del’Economia Politica (Università degli Studi di Siena, 4-5 June 2005). The author would like to thank Vincenzo Savini and Rocco Loiaccono for preparing the translations of Italian text cited in this paper.
1 See McLure (2004a) for a review of this interesting book.
2 The only reference in this part of the book is a casual illustrative comment on hypothetical deduction: “Pareto’s mathematically formulated (log-normal) Law of Wages has stood up in repeated Crucial Experiments, but it was derived inductively and lacks any deductive core.” (Perlman 2003, p. 648).
3 Pareto ([1901-02] 1974, pp.137-38).
4 Pareto’s views on “the cause of value” are examined in McLure (1999).
5 Bruni (2002, p.40-41) dates Pareto’s interest in the extrinsic aspect of science to at least 1898.
6 The contributions of Borgatta and Sensini and Italian fiscal sociology are considered in McLure (2004b, 2005).
7 These methods are discussed in Pareto ( 1980, pp, 737-741).
8 In a 2 September 1917 letter to Benvenuto Griziotti, Pareto wrote that: “… the “science” of public finances knows little of economic equilibrium and nothing of social equilibrium; therefore in place of an understanding of real effects it substitutes a presumption of imaginary effects. I cannot concede that the economic state and the social state are not variously modified by various changes in the use of economic goods” (Pareto 1975: 984).
9 Kerr uses the term intrinsic in relation to the satisfaction of intellectual curiosity, and not the experimental significance of theory (as used by Pareto).