In association with the UIxD Urban Interactions Lab “Drawings are primary instrument for the production of architecture. But a design process that remains limited to the relationship between drawings and real-space buildings is constrained to the actualization of conventions and commonly resists the integration of variation, local specificities or changes of conditions. This is where the diagrammatic process becomes advantageous in a culture characterized by change.”
Philip Speranza, Assistant Professor Office: 485 Lawrence firstname.lastname@example.org
Time & Place
Class meets on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 4:00- 5:50 Pm, LA 279
The term ‘parametric places’ evokes the relationship between abstract systems and real-world context.
Working in the Barcelona 22@ district the research method taught in this media elective will develop urban system analysis tools using the block-by-block planning guidelines to support city planning from the bottom up. Students will use methods of parametric urban design and to allow the values of a place to emerge from the bottom up over time by workers, residents and tourists. Work will be shared with Director Salvador Rueda of the Agencia de Urbanismo Ecologia to support a Social Simulator. Urban analysis tools may also be used with agencies in Portland and Eugene. Part I of the course will investigate work at the scale of Barcelona Eixample blocks testing unit/whole relationship at the scale of the block, neighborhood and district. Current block planning guidelines transform the industrial for an information activities district for workers and residents. Block minimums require 10% of the following uses without specifying their locations: open space, residential and 7@ institutional use. The resulting system adapts to existing conditions of protected art nouveau, Modernisme, built-fabric supporting an urbanism of agglomeration of fragmented spaces. How will existing and predicted real-life differences affect this abstract system including existing built-fabric, social behaviors, transportation networks, edge conditions, uses, and geogspatial orientation as evolvable framework for participation? Case studies will include parametric urban design by Michael Weinstock, Patrick Schumacker and Zaha Hadid, Stan Allen and James Corner, Vicente Guillart and MVRDV. Live maps will also be created. Part II of the course will allow students to develop an abstract bottom-up parametric system that is calibrated and applied to the real-world contextual conditions of the 22@ district as well as Portland and Eugene. *Knowledge and software of Rhinoceros 5.0 and Grasshopper is required. Readings of theory, media exercises and urban design methods will be used in a lecture and workshop format. 2013 Ebook + lcaBCN http://www.lcabcn2013uo.wordpress.com
22@ district planning The investigation will work at the scale of Barcelona Eixample blocks testing unit/whole cause and affect at the scale of the block, neighborhood and district. The current block planning guidelines transform the unplanned post-industrial blocks of 22a to provide for the 22@ objectives to for an information activities district for workers and residents. Block minimums require 10% of the following uses without specifying their locations: open space, residential and 7@ institutional use. The resulting abstract system adapts to existing conditions of protected art nouveau, Modernisme, built-fabric supporting an urbanism of agglomeration of smaller, fragmented lots and spaces for targeted small and medium sized information and design enterprises. The strategy prescribes no further top-down relationships between symmetrical blocks yet gaming theory suggests that minimal inequities will cause asymmetrical ‘tilting.’ How will existing and predicted real-life differences affect this abstract system including existing built-fabric, social behaviors, transportation networks, edge conditions, uses, and geographic orientation? How can this planning strategy provide a framework for participation that is evolvable? Case studies will include urban system design by Ana Pla Catala, Michael Weinstock, Patrick Schumacker and Zaha Hadid, Stan Allen and James Corner, Vicente Guallart, MVRDV and others. The case studies will give students an opportunity to develop techniques of parametric design at the scale of the city, testing limits, theory and context behind each designer’s work. The second part of the course will allow students to develop an abstract bottom-up parametric system that is calibrated and applied to the real-world contextual conditions of the 22@ district and other locations including Portland and Eugene. Student knowledge of abstract diagramming techniques, Rhinoceros and Grasshopper will he helpful. The course will utilize theoretical readings, techniques and bottom-up urban design methods in a lecture and workshop format.
22@ use guidelines, Ajuntament de Barcelona Course Purpose / Introduction
Learn the limits of parametrics and urban design
Neighborhood planning and identity, bottom up, in 22@
Build parametric skills
Theory, reading and writing skills, update of contemporary conversation
Plug Department of Architecture into global conversation of parametrics and urban design topic (weblog that feeds to DMC and Department website)
22@ Background + Theory on Adaptive Systems
Bruno Latour & Albena Yaneva, Give me a Gun and Ill Make All Buildings Move
Philip Speranza, Parametric Places 22@: Smart Urban Analysis Tools and Place Branding Value
Stan Allen, Field Conditions (Systems thinking)
James Corner, Not Unlike Life Itself (Frameworks: open-ended but specific)
Alejandro Zaera-Polo, Between Ideas and Matter (Abstract and real; Drawings and Diagrams)
Philip Speranza, Place Branding from the Bottom Up: Strengthening Cultural Identity through Small-Scaled Connectivity
Jane Jacobs, The Natureof Economies (Positive and negative feedbacks)
Manuel De Landa, A Thousand Years of Non-Linear History, (evolvable criteria + agglomeration)
22@ Ten Years of Urban Renovation: models, MBM, Manel Bailo, others
Final system, second pass, design communication, 9-10
Develop blog, ebook and printed catalog for presentation to City of Barcelona, Portland Planning and Sustainability and Barcelona Agency of Urban Ecology with Salvador Rueda
Critical design issues
Parametric Modeling at the scale of blocks and the city
This course is organized as one lecture group and smaller lab setting in which students engage in independent project-based learning. The course time will be split between lectures, discussion and workshops using the analog and digital media in the lab environment. The work will be shared in class to foster peer-to-peer learning. Class meetings include a variety of communication formats including lectures, tutorials, desk-critiques, pin-ups, reviews, in-class discussions and reading assignments. *Students are required to document their work to a digital archiving system.
Performance in course will be graded. Student work will be evaluated for achievement in all of the areas listed in the Department of Architecture's studio evaluation form.
Students are expected to attend all course meetings, be on time, and stay for the entire scheduled session working on course activities. Unexcused absences are not permitted. Students with three (3) or more unexcused absences are required to meet with their instructor before returning to studio. Excused absences (such as illness or personal emergency) must be reported to the instructor prior to the missed class if at all possible.
20% PROJECT 1 /// Writing Assignment
30% PROJECT 2 /// Case Study
40% PROJECT 3 /// Final definition and application/test
10% Class Participation
Students will not receive a final grade until all work has been uploaded for digital submission.
The projects for this course are designed to encourage exposure to various means of communicating your designs through a variety of tools including everything from hand sketching to digital modeling. Detailed descriptions and requirements will be given at the time each project is assigned.
Schedule (this schedule may change with notice) Background, Objective, Language: 22@, Barcelona, Grasshopper, Parametrics; Writing Assignment
Week 1 T 04/01 Introductory Lecture Lecture/Workshop
Th 04/03 Barcelona+Parametrics Lecture/Workshop
Week 2 T 04/08 Analog Digital Parametrics Lecture/Workshop
Th 04/10 Workshop
Week 3 T 04/15 Definitions development Lecture/Workshop
Th 04/17 Workshop
Week 4 T 04/22 Presentations Lecture/Workshop
Th 04/24 Workshop
Final Project, definition modeling 22@ block guidelines
Week 5 T 04/29 Lecture/Workshop
Th 05/01 Workshop
Week 6 T 05/06 Lecture/Workshop
Th 05/08 Workshop
Week 7 T 05/13 Lecture/Workshop
Th 05/15 Workshop
Week 8 T 05/20 Lecture/Workshop
Th 05/22 Review/ Presentations
Week 9 T 05/27 Lecture/Workshop
Th 05/29 Workshop
Week 10 F 06/06 Final presentation, date to be confirmed
Week 11 F 06/06 Digital Archive Posting, date to be confirmed
Attendance is mandatory. Lateness will be counted 15 minutes after class has started. Absences will be counted 30 minutes after class has started. After 3 unexcused absences your grade will be lowered by a grade point for each additional absence if you do not have a written medical, school or religious excuse. All students are expected to participate in class discussions and to develop their projects beyond the minimum requirement.
PROJECT OWNERSHIP, PUBLICATION, AND PUBLICITY
Work created for credit and/or using the facilities of the School of Architecture and Allied Arts belongs jointly to the school and the student. The AAA reserves the right to document and display all original work for the purpose of documenting student performance as mandated by the National Architecture Accrediting Board [NAAB]. Furthermore, the school reserves the non-exclusive right to use images or likenesses of the work for publicity and display in print and electronic media as well as to submit such work for competitively reviewed exhibitions or to various award programs, The School and its representatives [including faculty and teaching staff] have the non-exclusive right to use such work as illustrations in scholarly and/or technical publications and presentations.
If you have a documented disability and anticipate needing accommodations in this course, please make arrangements to meet with faculty soon. You should also request that the counselor for students with disabilities send a letter verifying your disability.
Allen, S. (1999), “Field Conditions,” Points and Lines, Princeton Architectural Press, New York, NY.
Allen, S. (1998), “Diagrams Matter”, in ANY 23, Dec. 1998
Barcelo, M. (2001), La Ciutat Digital, Pacte Industrial de la Regio Metropolitana de Barcelona, Beta
Franck, K (2007) Design from the Inside Out, Wiley, West Sussex, England
Jacobs, J. (2001), The Nature of Economies, Random House, New York, NY.
Jacobs, J. (1969), The Economies of Cities, Vintage Books, New York, NY.
Koolhaas, R. (1994), Delirious, Monacelli, New York, NY.
de Landa, M. (2000), A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History, Zone Books, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
de Landa, M. (2001), course lecture for: Theories of Self Organization the Dynamics of Cities. GSAPP
Scwartz, P. (1991), The Art of the Long View, Doubleday, New York, NY
Tschumi, B. (1996), Architecture and Disjunction, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
Zaera-Polo, Alejandro (2010) “Between Ideas and Matters: Icons, Indexes, Diagrams, Drawings and Graphs”, AD The Diagrams of Architecture, Wiley, West Sussex, England
Appendix Appendix 1.0, Urban Genome Taxonomy of Urban Experiences
Transit including pedestrian, bike share, bus, metro, private vehicles
Commercial Streetscape / Services and Goods
Production/ New industry
Recreation / Physiology including playgrounds, gyms, running and walking paths, fields, etc.
Place Making / Place Branding of Local Identity
Spiritual including mood alteration, religion, escape