Outlines for “a history of the Modern World” 9th Edition

II. England in the Seventeenth Century

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chapter 4 palmer colton outline.rev.0809

II. England in the Seventeenth Century

  1. Age of expansion

1. driven by population growth

          1. pop. Of five million in 1600

        1. Puritan migration to New England and the Caribbean (40, 000 total)

        2. Scots settle in Ireland

        3. Catholics in Maryland

        4. Anglicans in Virginia

        5. Policy of private colonization shifts to state directed colonization

        6. take NY from Dutch, Pa, Carolinas, Jamaica taken from Spain

B. English culture blossoms

        1. Shakespeare

        2. Rugged in form, deep in content

          1. English could not yield to “French standards”

b. Sir Christopher Wren
C. Economic Activity

1. By 1660 outdistanced by the Dutch

2. had a larger and more productive population and didn’t depend exclusively on seafaring

a. Coal for industry is available

    1. Sheep and woolens were main export

    2. Putting out system used in textiles

      1. 1600 East India Company

      2. Wealth was still tied to the land

  1. Background to the Civil War: Parliament and the Stuart Kings

    1. New Monarchs clashed with medieval representative institutions

    2. In England the Parliament won out

    3. In most places that popular institutions (estates general) won out anarchy followed

    4. Uniqueness of England’s “workable” solution ushered in the modern institutions of liberalism and representative institutions

    5. 1603 Elizabeth I dies with no heir

    6. James the IV of Scotland (son of Mary Stuart) became James I of England uniting Scotland and England under one crown (Protestant)

          1. Absolutist as a father taking care of family

          2. Called “the wisest fool in Christendom”

          3. Adopted the theory of the Divine right of kings

          4. Begins to lecture Parliament on the royal rights

          5. Said he should not have to ask for money

          6. Wars with Spain left big debt and James wasn’t thrifty

    7. Puritan Parliament refused to accommodate…

          1. Disliked doctrine of Anglican Church

          2. Discontent with prerogative courts like the Star Chamber

          3. Puritans were property owners and wanted protection

          4. Parliament was the single representative body for all of England (unlike Dutch, Spain, France, Germany or Poland with local estates)

          5. landed interests controlled both houses: nobles and gentry

          6. HOC was mixed with merchant interests

          7. Secularized as no Abbots remained in either house

          8. the strong make up of Parliament forced Kings to submit to its will

          9. came to a deadlock in 1629 as Charles I attempted to ignore Par

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