Outlines for “a history of the Modern World” 9th Edition



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chapter 4 palmer colton outline.rev.0809

4.18: The Dutch World





  1. The Dutch Republic




    1. Dutch Civilization and Government

      1. Republic of the Netherlands was the most wealthy, flourishing, and most important in international diplomacy and culture

        1. most bourgoisie of Europe

      2. Wealth helped to avoid direct war

        1. Cultural achievements

          1. Literature

            1. Hugo Grotius wrote Law of War and Peace (pioneering work on international law)

            2. Baruch Spinoza

1. Desc. from Portuguese Jewish refugees

2. wrote philosophy on human conduct, church and state



          1. Leeuwenhoek – biological science

          2. Huyghens – improved the telescope, wave theory of light, saw rings of Saturn

          3. Anna Maria van Schurmaneducation of women in The Learned Maid or Whether a Maid May Be Called A Scholar

          4. Painting

            1. Jan Vermeer portrayed typical domestic scenes (Girl with the Pearl Earring)

            2. Rembrandt Masters of the Clothe Hall show businessmen and judges we see the men who are running the Republic (Calvinistic)

            3. burghers – personal simplicity in the face of wealth

        1. Religion

          1. Adopted tolerance

          2. Calvinists split – orthodox regroup – stay split by 1632

            1. Arminius questioned predestination

          3. Catholics are granted rights

          4. Jews were welcomed

          5. Christian sects found refuge

            1. Pilgrims


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