Outlines for “a history of the Modern World” 9th Edition

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chapter 4 palmer colton outline.rev.0809

France rises in status

  1. Dutch are small in numbers

  2. England will go through its civil wars

  3. Louis XIV comes to power in 1643 at age 5 and reigns for 72 years (1715)

    1. took personal direction in 1661 at age 23

    2. his policies are adopted , methods of gov, war, diplomacy are models

    3. French language, clothing, thought, architecture, cooking etiquette are standard for Europe

    4. known as the Sun King

    5. becomes more than a figurehead

    6. takes over the institutions created by Richelieu

    7. Makes France the strongest country in Europe

  4. Weakness in Spain

    1. Charles II comes to the throne in 1665

    2. known as “The Bewitched”

      1. had Mandibular prognathism (called Hapsburg Jaw) genetic disorder where the lower jaw outgrows the upper

      2. tongue was enlarged and he could barley be understood

      3. imbecilic product of generations of inbreeding

      4. could not have children (was well known)

    3. Lingers on the throne until 1700

    4. Spain was what Turkey was later called “sick man of Europe”

    5. Fate of Spain and its colonial holdings uncertain

  • Louis XIV and expansion

    1. Marries Charles II’s sister

      1. uses his position to advance France’s borders

      2. Annex Spanish Netherlands, French Compte, and Burgundy

      3. Further weakens HRE

    2. Moves to secure Spain under his rule

      1. to achieve this he takes various interests into his pay

        1. royalists in England

          1. including Charles II of England

        2. republicans in Netherlands

    3. Potential for universal monarchy under throne of France is increasing

      1. Response to universal monarchy is the use of balance of power

    1. Balance of Power

      1. condition of equilibrium in power distribution

        1. power is distributed among many separate states

        2. if one state preponderates the others form a coalition against it

          1. the coalition becomes the “balance”

        3. holding the balance of power refers to the power one state may bring to bear by tipping the balance

        4. foreign policy become the pursuit of preserving the independence of action to the utmost

        5. the basic rule became the practice of allying against the state threatening domination to restore the balance

        6. objective was preserving sovereignty rather than peace

          1. had little to do with ideologies or sympathies (allies supported or rejected)

        7. balance model was effective during period of large number of small and medium sized states

          1. later will become downfall of Europe

        8. Key players of the period are Louis XIV and William of Orange (William III) of the Dutch

        9. Key event of the period is the War of the Spanish Succession

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