Outbreak of wwii outline The Coming Storm

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Outbreak of WWII Outline

  1. The Coming Storm

    1. Hitler pulled out of the ___________________________________, began rearming, and _____________________ a peace time _____________ (violation of the Treaty of Versailles)

    2. ________________ and Actions in 1936

      1. Anti-Comintern Pact- Germany and _____________- precursor to military alliance

      2. Rome-Berlin Axis with Mussolini’s____________

      3. Invasion of the _____________________- German speaking region between Germany and France

        1. _________________________ by England and France, hoping Hitler would be satisfied

    3. 1938

      1. The _____________________- invasion and annexation of ___________________- imprisoning its chancellor

      2. Again, Britain and France did not _______________, hoping that Hitler will be satisfied

      3. Hitler demanded the __________________________- German speaking region of Czechoslovakia

    4. ___________________ Conference- leaders of France and England met with Hitler Mussolini and accepted their promise not to ________________further into Europe in ____________________ for the Sudetenland (which effectively gave him all of Czechoslovakia)

      1. English Prime Minister Neville __________________________ declared he had achieved ‘_________________ in our time ‘

  2. Hitler and Stalin

    1. Joseph ______________ rose to power after the Bolshevik revolution in _________ and ruled the USSR from ______________________________

      1. Succeeded ______________ as head of the Socialist party, despite Lenin’s misgivings

    2. Naturally _______________ and suspicious, began a series of ___________________- attempting to ________________ political enemies who opposed the ____________________Party.

      1. Focus specifically on the military which _____________________ the Red Army severely

    3. Did ______________________ the USSR by taking direct control of industry- although caused___________________ that killed millions

    4. 1939- Hitler and Stalin sign the German-Soviet Non-_____________________________Pact

      1. USSR agreed not to enter the war in exchange for ___________________ over the Balkans and eastern Poland

      2. This allowed Germany to invade Poland without __________________________

  3. The War Begins

    1. Sept 1, 1939 Germany invaded _________________

      1. Blitzkrieg (____________________ war) - speed, force, and _________________- coordination of ground and air attacks.

      2. France and Britain declared _________ on the 3rd, but did ______________ while Poland fell.

      3. France moved its troops to the _______________________line- supposedly invincible line of defense along the _____________________ border

    2. April of 1940- Hitler surprises _______________________ and gains control of the capital in 2 hours- Norway by June.

      1. Britain elects a new PM, Winston _______________________ who had been _____________________ of the threat Hitler posed since 1932

    3. May of 1940- Hitler began his assault on Western Europe

      1. Went through __________________, Luxembourg and the Netherlands before pushing into _____________________

        1. Luxembourg surrendered in 1 day, the Netherlands in ______.

    4. Escape at ___________________________

      1. British attempted to ______________________ but they were forced back and cornered on the beach at Dunkirk

      2. The British Royal Air Force (RAF) held the Germans off long enough for ___________________ troops to escape across the channel, leaving _________________________________________________ behind.

    5. In 6 weeks, Germany had conquered most of Europe, only ____________________ remained

  4. The Battle of Britain

    1. Hitler wanted to _______________________ but Churchill refused- “we shall fight them on the beaches...we shall never ________________________”

    2. Germany begins a __________________ campaign intended to cripple Britain and force its surrender

      1. RAF was incredibly ______________________ (704 planes vs. 2682 for the Luftwaffe)

      2. At first, targets were mainly__________________, but as the siege dragged on, Hitler expanded into _____________________ targets

      3. Known as the ________________________________________

      4. Ended in ______________________- Germany gave up its attempt to take the British Isles

  1. New Enemies and Crucial Mistakes

    1. Abandoning his plan to take Britain, Hitler _____________ his non-aggression pact with the __________________and invaded in June 1941

      1. Attempting to seize labor and___________________________

      2. Moved quickly through ______________________, and by fall German troops were approaching _____________________________

      3. Instead of pressing for the capital, he took_____________________; during that time, the ___________________ moved in

      4. ______________________ plunged to -40, causing equipment malfunction and frostbite

      5. On December 6, Soviets _____________________ a German attack on Moscow

  2. America’s Response to the War in Europe

    1. FDR issued a proclamation of _____________________, although he recognized the threat Hitler posed and wanted to ________________________ Britain and France

    2. ___________________________________- law that FDR pushed through Congress allowed _____________________nations to purchase arms as long as they paid _________ and __________________________their own goods

    3. Sept. 1940- FDR instituted the first peacetime _______________ in US history

    4. Election of 1940- FDR ________________________ to keep the US out of foreign wars

    5. _____________________________ Act- when Britain ran out of cash, this allowed the president to ____________________________________________________________ war material to any country

      1. Eventually was extended to the ________________

    6. US navy aided in British detection of German _______________________

  3. Collision Course in the Pacific

    1. 1940- Japan occupied __________________________ (modern day Vietnam) - goal of capturing French _______ in the Dutch East Indies.

    2. US responded with an ______________________ (official ban on ____________ with a certain country) on scrap metal, oil and aviation fuel.

      1. FDR also ____________Japanese bank accounts in the US

      2. Devastating blow to Japan who was almost completely ____________________ on US oil imports

      3. Without US oil, Japan would run out of oil in ____________________

    3. Japan attempted to negotiate with FDR to allow its further ______________________ into China; FDR ____________________________

    4. Military coup in 1941 places military General _____________ in command of Japan

    5. Japan was expected to _________________ the Dutch East Indies for oil next

  4. Attack on Pearl Harbor

    1. 7:55 am- ____________________________________________ the first Japanese bombs fall on Pearl Harbor

    2. Subs ___________________________ the docks while planes struck the US __________________, where over 400 airplanes were parked.

    3. Within 30 minutes, the US fleet of 70 warships was virtually ______________________

    4. USS ______________________ sustained the most damage and sunk with thousands of _____________________ still on board

    5. Totals- ____________________ killed, 1,178 injured

    6. Despite the damage, Japan did not achieve all its _________________- failed to destroy the __________________________________________ which were still at sea.

    7. The next day, FDR declares December 7th “a day that will live in _____________________’ and the US declares __________ on Japan

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