Origins of American Government English colonist brought three main concepts



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Origins of American Government

English colonist brought three main concepts:

  • The need for an __________________, or government.

  • The idea of _______________________, that is, that government should not be all-powerful.

  • The concept of ______________________a government that serves the will of the people.




The way our government works today can be traced to important documents in history:





There were three types of colonies in North America: royal, proprietary, and charter.

  • The _____________were ruled directly by the English monarchy.

  • The King granted land to people in North America, who then formed ______________________________________

  • The _____________________________were mostly self-governed, and their charters were granted to the colonists.




British Colonial Policies

  • Until the mid-1700s, the colonies were allowed a great deal of ______________________ in their governments by the English monarchy.

  • In 1760, _____________________ imposed new taxes and laws on the colonists.

  • The colonists started a __________________________, proposed an annual congress, and began to rebel.

Growing Colonial Unity

Early Attempts

  • In 1643, several New England settlements formed the New England Confederation.

  • A confederation is a joining of several groups for a common purpose.

Growing Colonial Unity

The Albany Plan

  • In 1754, Benjamin Franklin proposed the _________________________, in which an annual congress of ______________________ (representatives) from each of the 13 colonies would be formed.

Growing Colonial Unity

The Stamp Act Congress

  • In 1765, a group of colonies sent delegates to the Congress in New York. ____________________________________________________

  • These delegates prepared the ___________________________________ against British policies and sent it to the king.

The Continental Congresses

  • First Continental Congress

  • The colonists sent a _________________________________ to King George III.

  • The delegates urged each of the colonies to refuse all trade with England until British tax and trade regulations were _______________, or recalled.

The Continental Congresses

  • Second Continental Congress

  • In 1775, each of the 13 colonies sent representatives to this gathering in _______________________________________

  • The Second Continental Congress served as the ____________________ of the United States from 1776 to 1781.

American Independence

  • On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the ___________________________________________________________

  • Between 1776 and 1777, most of the States adopted ________________ instead of charters.



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