Ensure effective protection orders, increased availability of shelters, culturally and linguistically responsive programs, housing support, prioritizing eligibility particularly for single mother households and those facing heavy unpaid care burdens;
End detention of migrant women with children and establish accountability mechanisms and adequate gender sensitive training of CBP;
5 See https://www.aclu.org/files/interactive/womensrights_scotus_0303a.html#00
6 While the Equal Pay Act is limited to jobs within the same work place, Title VII does not have this limitation in its language. In 1981, four female prison guards sued the county of Washington in Oregon under Title VII for paying them less than male prison guards (County of Washington vs. Gunther: Court clarified that claims of wage discrimination brought under Title VII were not limited to equal pay for the exact same work, as they are under the Equal Pay Act.
7 Only Indiana and North Carolina do not offer any protections against pregnancy discrimination. In Texas and 13 other states, employers, by law, must provide reasonable accommodations for pregnant workers. Oregon and 18 other states have passed laws providing workplace breastfeeding rights (such as break times and a private space for pumping breast milk). South Dakota, Nevada and Alabama provide that employers must allow pregnant employees to take sickness or disability leave owing to them for pregnancy related conditions
8 See http://www.nwlc.org/resource/lilly-ledbetter-fair-pay-act-0
9 See A/HRC/17/26/Add.5
10 In 1972, the ERA was passed by Congress with a seven year deadline for ratification by the states (to enter into force, an amendment requires ratification from ¾ of the states (38 out 50). This number was never reached
12 For all 50 marriage laws: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/table_marriage
13 Mississippi Code (2013), Title 93, para. 93 1-5, see at: http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2013/title-93/chapter-1/section-93-1-5/
14 Guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition
15 See https://www.aclu.org/timeline-important-reproductive-freedom-cases-decided-supreme-court
16 See e.g. 1989 Webster v. Reproductive Health Services; 1991 Rust v. Sullivan; 1992 Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey; 2007 Gonzales v. Carhart and Gonzales v. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. (Carhart II)
17 See WG communication in A/HRC/29/50, p.54
18 Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2751 (2014)
22 UN Women, “2011-2012: Progress of the World’s Women: in pursuit of justice”, p73
23 See CERD Concluding Observations, 2014 and A/HRC/17/26/Add.5
24 Conducting gender mainstreamed research
25 The Commission on Civil Rights has authority to undertake many of the monitoring activities envisioned by a national human rights institution, including the power to convene hearings, issue reports, and make recommendations to Congress and the Executive branch but does not comply with the Paris Principles
43 The EEOC reissued its Enforcement Guidance on Pregnancy and Related Issues in June 2015 to address the US Supreme Court’s decision in Young v. UPS.
44 California, New Jersey and Rhode Island. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/leave_report_final.pdf California is already one of only a few states that offer paid parental leave, with workers receiving 55 percent of their pay for six weeks, paid for by employee-financed public disability insurance.
45 https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/leave-administration/fact-sheets/family-and- medical-leave/ and https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/01/15/presidential- memorandum-modernizing-federal-leave-policies-childbirth-ad