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Implement fully the VAWA 2013



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Implement fully the VAWA 2013;

  • Ensure effective protection orders, increased availability of shelters, culturally and linguistically responsive programs, housing support, prioritizing eligibility particularly for single mother households and those facing heavy unpaid care burdens;

  • End detention of migrant women with children and establish accountability mechanisms and adequate gender sensitive training of CBP;

  • Seek alternatives to custodial sentences for mothers of dependent children;

    Women in the media

    (i) Strengthen the enforcement of Federal Communications Commission’s Equal Employment Opportunity rules;

    (ii) Promote the training of journalists regarding gender equality and women’s rights to try and combat harmful gender stereotyping in the media.



  • * * Late submission.

    ** ** Circulated in the language of submission only.

    1  On 27 November 2015, a gunman attacked a Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado. Three people were killed and several others injured

    2  See also statement of UN Working Group on People of African Descent on its recent visit to the United States http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=17000&LangID=E

    3  The report cannot exceed an established strict word limit

    4  https://treaties.un.org/Pages/Treaties.aspx?id=4&subid=A&lang=en

    5  See https://www.aclu.org/files/interactive/womensrights_scotus_0303a.html#00

    6  While the Equal Pay Act is limited to jobs within the same work place, Title VII does not have this limitation in its language. In 1981, four female prison guards sued the county of Washington in Oregon under Title VII for paying them less than male prison guards (County of Washington vs. Gunther: Court clarified that claims of wage discrimination brought under Title VII were not limited to equal pay for the exact same work, as they are under the Equal Pay Act.

    7  Only Indiana and North Carolina do not offer any protections against pregnancy discrimination. In Texas and 13 other states, employers, by law, must provide reasonable accommodations for pregnant workers. Oregon and 18 other states have passed laws providing workplace breastfeeding rights (such as break times and a private space for pumping breast milk). South Dakota, Nevada and Alabama provide that employers must allow pregnant employees to take sickness or disability leave owing to them for pregnancy related conditions

    8  See http://www.nwlc.org/resource/lilly-ledbetter-fair-pay-act-0

    9  See A/HRC/17/26/Add.5

    10  In 1972, the ERA was passed by Congress with a seven year deadline for ratification by the states (to enter into force, an amendment requires ratification from ¾ of the states (38 out 50). This number was never reached

    11  Equal means Equal, Jessica Neuwirth, 2015

    12  For all 50 marriage laws: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/table_marriage

    13  Mississippi Code (2013), Title 93, para. 93 1-5, see at: http://law.justia.com/codes/mississippi/2013/title-93/chapter-1/section-93-1-5/

    14  Guarantees freedoms concerning religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition

    15  See https://www.aclu.org/timeline-important-reproductive-freedom-cases-decided-supreme-court

    16  See e.g. 1989 Webster v. Reproductive Health Services; 1991 Rust v. Sullivan; 1992 Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey; 2007 Gonzales v. Carhart and Gonzales v. Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. (Carhart II)

    17  See WG communication in A/HRC/29/50, p.54

    18  Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2751 (2014)

    19  http://plannedparenthoodaction.org/community/planned-parenthood-global/helms-amendment-hurts- women-worldwide

    20  Only 4 of the 112 Justices ever to serve on the highest court in the US have been women

    21  http://www.nwlc.org/resource/women-federal-judiciary-still-long-way-go-1

    22  UN Women, “2011-2012: Progress of the World’s Women: in pursuit of justice”, p73

    23  See CERD Concluding Observations, 2014 and A/HRC/17/26/Add.5

    24  Conducting gender mainstreamed research

    25  The Commission on Civil Rights has authority to undertake many of the monitoring activities envisioned by a national human rights institution, including the power to convene hearings, issue reports, and make recommendations to Congress and the Executive branch but does not comply with the Paris Principles

    26  http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/StatusOfNationalInstitutions.aspx

    27  https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/09/27/fact-sheet-promoting-gender-equality-and- womens-empowerment

    28  http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/Gender/Beijing_20/United_States_Beijing_20_Review.pdf

    29  http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm

    30  Mazie Hirono of Hawaii

    31  Status of women in the states, IWPR, 2015

    33  Equal means equal, Jessica Neuwirth, 2015

    34  See Heather Boushey’s research: https://heatherboushey.com/writing-and-testimonies/

    35  http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/Gender/Beijing_20/United_States_Beijing_20_Review.pdf

    36  Women Chamber of Commerce

    37  Equal means equal, Jessica Neuwirth, 2015

    38  Status of women in states

    39  For further disaggregated data on these ethnic subgroups showing incoming disparities, please see https://www.dol.gov/wb/images/Asian_Pacific_Islander_Infographic.pdf

    40  Ibid

    41  https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/enforcement/pregnancy.cfm

    42  http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/14pdf/12-1226_k5fl.pdf

    43  The EEOC reissued its Enforcement Guidance on Pregnancy and Related Issues in June 2015 to address the US Supreme Court’s decision in Young v. UPS.

    44  California, New Jersey and Rhode Island. https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/leave_report_final.pdf California is already one of only a few states that offer paid parental leave, with workers receiving 55 percent of their pay for six weeks, paid for by employee-financed public disability insurance.


    45  https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/pay-leave/leave-administration/fact-sheets/family-and- medical-leave/ and https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/01/15/presidential- memorandum-modernizing-federal-leave-policies-childbirth-ad

    46  Status of women in states

    47  http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/Gender/Beijing_20/United_States_Beijing_20_Review.pdf

    48  Submission of the National Domestic Workers Alliance

    49  See http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/just-facts/immigrant-women-united-states-portrait- demographic-diversity

    50  http://www.domesticworkers.org/homeeconomics/

    51  National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012)

    52  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/insur201508.pdf

    53  CDC Health Disparities and inequalities report 2013

    54  Office of Minority Health, Data Brief No.4, November 2015

    55  Human Rights Campaign Foundation submission to the Working Group

    56  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db241.htm

    57  http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/32/44

    58  Not ratified by the US, see para. 9

    59  http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/index.htm

    60  http://www.reproductiverights.org/document/nuestro-texas-the-fight-for-reproductive-health-in-the-rio-grande-valley

    61  http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/32/44

    62  http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/112682/2/9789241507226_eng.pdf

    63  http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/delivery.htm

    64  http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/maternal_perinatal_health/cs-statement/en/

    65  http://www.reproductiverights.org/sites/crr.civicactions.net/files/documents/US-PAPS- Compendium-final-SM.pdf

    66  Guns and Violence against women, Everytown for gun safety

    67  See CERD Concluding Observations, 2014 and A/HRC/17/26/Add.5

    68  A/HRC/21/47/Add.1

    69  http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/Treaties/CAT/Shared%20Documents/USA/INT_CAT_CSS_USA_ 18555_E.pdf

    70  Ibid

    71  See also http://www.usccr.gov/pubs/Statutory_Enforcement_Report2015.pdf

    72  Ibid.

    73  A/HRC/17/26/Add.5

    74  https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G14/128/34/PDF/G1412834.pdf?OpenElement

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