The Mayflower compact began when English Christians felt the need to alleviate themselves from England, separated themselves from the church. First venturing toward Holland in order to avoid persecution for their belief. Soon after their stint in Holland they traveled over seas to the Americas. This is the first colonization in North America.
They began their journey in the hopes of reaching Virginia, when actually they beached around the Massachusetts area. After their journey, forty-one members of the one hundred and two passengers signed a charter, known as the Mayflower Compact. This document was a contract created for the pilgrim's for each settler's consent to follow the compacts rules in order t establish a society where they could live freely, yet without serious danger
Two, The Puritans
The beginning or the Puritan Movement :They had disagreements with the church of England. So rather than split off from the church, they wanted to reform, or change. In early 1600's, they were influential with England. The 1620's brought hard times for the England Puritans. King Charles 1 opposed to their movement and had many persecuted. Hundreds of Puritan ministers were forced to give up their positions. A number of Puritans decided to leave England and start a hazardous journey to North America.
Some of the Founders and Leaders of the Puritans were: John Winthrop, Roger Williams, John Calvin, Calvin Frenchman.
What happened to the Puritans before they left for America? They had disagreements with the church of England. Instead of splitting off from that church they wanted to change it. King Charles I opposed their movement and then persecuted them.
Why did they come to America? The Puritans came to the America to escape religious persecution.
How did the Puritans influence those people or groups that would follow? The poor told them that they should start working on crops and planting.
How did the land on which they settled influence them? It influenced them by people of all faiths in Rhode Island could worship as they saw fit. Among the people who found religious freedom in Rhode Island were followers of the Jewish faith.
How did they adapt to the new land and climate? They adapted to their climate by hunting instead of plating.
What made Jamestown survive? Which groups of people were the leaders?
When Jamestown was at its weakest point, and everyone was ready to leave, John Smith came to the colony. He forced the rich men to work, and they hated him. Although he was disliked, he made the colony successful in sustaining life. Perhaps the most widely known leader in Jamestown was John Smith. John Smith was an English soldier, and author and an explorer. When he reached Jamestown, he found the settlers to be lazy and decided to teach them how to work. He made them plant crops and work to cut limber. At one time the settler even wanted to kill him. When they were short on food, he made the colonists raid an Indian village. This angered the Indian chief Powhatan, so he decided to stop supplying the settlers with food, which made times much tougher for them.
What unique problems did early settlers face?
Because Jamestown was settled on a swampy peninsula, in warmer weather there were lots of bugs and therefore lots of diseases like malaria and such. Also, the settlers weren’t farmers when they lived in England. They were all trained in other careers that were no help to them in the new colony. The new colonists weren’t used to working hard, so they had a very tough first year and almost didn’t survive because they couldn’t work.
How did the land they settled on influence them?
Since Jamestown was settled on a peninsula in Virginia the water was really bad. And nothing would really grow too well because the settlers weren’t used to the soil in Virginia. And because it was swampy, there wasn’t a lot the settlers could do about the water and the insects.
How did it begin?
Wealthy English people wanted to make a colony in America, so they formed the Virginia Company of London. They all wanted to gain wealth through gold, furs, lumber, grapes, or mulberry trees. Backed and chartered by King James I, they sailed over to Virginia to form Jamestown.
Who were the founders?
Some wealthy English people founded Jamestown. They wanted to share the wealth that other American settlers had gained. King James also helped in founding Jamestown, but he didn't make the journey there. When Jamestown was at its weakest point, and everyone was ready to leave, John Smith came to the colony. He forced the rich men to work, and they hated him. Although he was disliked, he made the colony successful in sustaining life.
What was unique about the land and climate in the northern colonies?
They hade Longer colder winters than other colonies. The soil in New England was full of large rocks.
How did settlers there have to adapt to the different land and climate?
They could not farm so they use the sea as there wealth.
What industries or agriculture did they develop to take advantage of the resources offered to them?
Five, The Middle Colonies
The Middle Colonies(New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware) had very rich soil. They exported a lot of wheat and other grains. Lumber and shipbuilding industries were very successful in the Middle Colonies. In Pennsylvania, the textile and iron industry had some success. Because of their very rich soil and large rivers, most of the Middle Colonies' success came from farming.
How did the settlers there have to adapt to the different land and climate? The Dutch and the Swedish were the first to settle in the Middle Colonies. William Penn founded the colony Pennsylvania. He named it that because of “Sylvania” which means forest. Since the Middle Colonies were forest the settlers did have to adapt to building with logs. Settlers of the middle colonies didn't really have to adapt to much because they had good water, soil, and climate. Delaware's winters got below 74 degrees and the summers would get above 80 degrees and were hot. This was a change in weather for the Europeans.
What was unique about the land and the climate of the middle colonies? There were lots of advantages that the middle colonies had back then with their climate and the land. First of all with the land. The land they had their was rich in soil and very good for growing crops. The climate well, they had a mild climate it was very good for growing crops. They had a long growing season and that was good for the farmers it was a good chance to grow crops and that was mostly what they lived on.
Six, The Southern Colonies
There was dirt. They also had trees and other plants, too. The Southern Colonies were the warmest of all the English colonies. This (and the dirt) made it possible for them to grow crops. The land was mostly flat and had good soil.
1.The reason Penn's colony's land and climate were so unique is because the land was very mountainous. This caused many different climates and helped his plan a lot. It also received a lot of precipitation because of the mountainous climate. It helped greatly with farming.
2. William Penn's goal was to create a colony in which people from different backgrounds could live together in peace. He liked to call this his “holly experiment.”
3. The crown gave him so much land because they owed his father so much money. Then Penn came and took that money in the form of land.
4. Williams dream was help helped by the land and climate in some ways. There was many different climates in the area. There was also much precipitation in the area also allowing good farms to spread around the area. The land also helped because there were many rivers around the area and it was also by the lake Erie.
5. The Pennsylvania fall line is located on the Schuylkill River. It helped with trade and brought prosperity to Pennsylvania.
Eight, The Lost Colony of Roanoke
One of the theories is that the people just decided to leave the settlement. Another theory is that the people were all wiped out by a disease that spread through the town killing everyone. Others inform us that it may have been destroyed by a natural disaster such as a hurricane or earthquake. Then here are two other theories that state that the people either went to live with the Indians or the Indians killed all the people and tore down the buildings. These theories are only five there are most likely many more.
From then on no one really decided to move there not knowing what may happen to them.
Who were the first settlers of the Lost Colony of Roanoke? In 1584, a man mamed Walter Raleigh sent two navigators named Arthur Barlowe and Phillip Adams to explore America. They found Roanoke Island. The first settlers were the Europeans, who started settling there and declared it as an English colony. Roanoke used to be where Virginia is now.
Why were the resupply ships late? They settled late to the growing season and had to rely on supplies transported by supply ships. The resupply ship was late because a military captain named Lane killed a Native American chief over a stolen cup.
What did the supply ships find when they got back? Everyone had left; all 117 of the men, women and children had gone. Nobody knows what happened.
Who Sponsored Roanoke?
The man who sponsored the lost Colony of Roanoke was named Walter Raleigh. When he found Roanoke he was made a knight by Queen Elizabeth. When he was 43 Sir Walter Raleigh left England to sail to the New World to search for El Dorado (the city of gold). He was beheaded for launching an attack on the Spanish when he was 66 years old.
What challenges did they face because they settled on an island?
Because they were settled on an island there was rocky and sandy soil that was bad for growing crops in. The first settlers also arrived too late for planting crops. This made the food supplies dwindle. Food supplies were limited to fish because there wouldn’t be other wildlife on the small island. The weather on the island would be hot and muggy in the summer and windy in the winter. Wood from trees would be limited and if a hurricane came it would destroy the houses made from wood and knock trees down. Settling on an island with no idea of how it was going to be would not be fun.