On the commonwealth



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1THE WESTERN TRADITION: PLATO TO MACHIAVELLI

790:371 Professor Bathory

Mon & Thursday 11:30 – 12:50 Fall 2015

Frelinghuysen A-5


REQUIRED TEXTS:

Aquinas, St. Thomas, Treatise on Law

Aristotle, POLITICS

St. Augustine, CONFESSIONS

Cicero, ON THE COMMONWEALTH

Plato, APOLOGY

Plato, GORGIAS

Plato, REPUBLIC


RECOMMENDED: Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey, eds., HISTORY OF POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY provides valuable secondary treatment of the thinkers studied in this course and of the history of political philosophy in general. Sheldon Wolin, Politics and Vision and Arlene Saxonhouse, WOMEN IN THE HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT are also extremely useful. The novels of Mary Renault, especially THE LAST OF THE WINE and THE MASK OF APOLLO, offer excellent, easy-reading descriptions of the culture and politics of ancient Greece.


REQUIREMENTS:


  1. One Midterm, in-class, examination.



  1. One in-class Final Examination.

In determining grades for the course, the three requirements will have

approximately the following weight:

Class Attendance and Discussion and Discussion Questions 25%

Midterm, 35% Thursday , November 6th

Final, 40% Tuesday December 16th 12:00 pm – 3:00 pm


Office Hours:
Monday – Thursday: 10:00 – 11:00 SAC (613 George St.) and by appointment in Hickman 506.

Phone: 732-932-9595; Email: bathory@rci.rutgers.edu



LEARNING GOALS:

  1. Expose students to the philosophical and practical problems of political organization, action, and governance.

  2. Spur critical thinking about the nature of citizenship, rights, and duties.

  3. A solid foundational understanding of the critical theoretical issues underlying political life: the individual and community; political obligation and civil disobedience; stability, revolution, and change; legitimacy and justice; and freedom and power.



COURSE OUTLINE: Required readings are starred (*) all other indicated readings are recommended.
A. Introduction (Sept. 2, 9): The Peloponnesian War and the Athenian Empire

Discussion Questions #1 due in Drop Box before class Sept 9th

*Pericles, Funeral Oration [sakai]

Euben, J. Peter, THE TRAGEDY OF POLITICAL THEORY

Jacobson, Norman, PRIDE AND SOLACE

Strauss, Leo, NATURAL RIGHT AND HISTORY

...................., WHAT IS POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

Wolin, Sheldon, POLITICS AND VISION
B. Greek Political Thought: Law and Politics (Sept. 14 - 17)

Discussion Questions #2 due in Drop Box before class Sept 14th

Discussion Questions #2a due in Drop Box before class on Sept 17th

*Plato, APOLOGY


C. Greek Politics: Power, Rhetoric and Flattery (Sept. 21, 24, 28)
Discussion Questions #3 Due in Drop Box before class Thursday Sept 24th

*Plato, GORGIAS


D. Philosophy and the Political (Oct. 1, 5, 8, 12)


Discussion Questions #4 due in Drop Box before Class Monday Oct. 5th
*Plato, REPUBLIC (Book 1, Oct 1; Books 2,3, Oct 5; Books 4, 5, Oct. 8, ; Books 7-10; Oct. 12, 15)
Bernadette, Seth, SOCRATES’ SECOND SAILING

Koyre, Alexander, DISCOVERING PLATO

Strauss, Leo, THE CITY AND MAN

Voegelin, Eric, PLATO

..............., PLATO AND ARISTOTLE

Zuckert, Catherine, PLATO’S PHILOSOPHERS

E. Theory and Practice (October 19, 22, 26, 29, 30 )
Discussion Questions #5 due in Drop Box before class on Monday Oct 26th
*Aristotle, POLITICS (Books 1-2, Oct. 19; Book 3, Oct. 22; Books 4-6, Oct. 26, 30 Books 7,8)
Arnhart, Larry, ARISTOTLE ON POLITICAL REASONING

Lord, Carnes, EDUCATION AND CULTURE IN THE POLITICS OF

ARISTOTLE

Nichols, Mary, CITIZENS AND STATESMEN

F. Plato and Aristotle: Summary and review (Nov 2nd )
MIDTERM EXAM, Thursday, November 5th
F. The Roman Tradition: (Nov. 9, 12, 16, 19)
Discussion Questions #6 Due in Dropbox Nov 16th
*Cicero, ON THE COMMONWEALTH (Intro, chs. 2, 3, 4, Book I; Nov. 10;

Books 2, 3;Nov. 13; Book 4, 5, Nov.17, 20)

Barker, Ernest, FROM ALEXANDER TO CONSTANTINE

Mazzolani, Lidia, THE IDEA OF THE CITY IN ROMAN THOUGHT

Montesquieu, ON THE GRANDEUR OF THE ROMANS AND THEIR DECLINE

Wolin, S.S., POLITICS AND VISION, ch. 3


G. Augustine and the Christian Republic (Nov. 23, 30, Dec. 3, 7)



Discussion Questions #7 due in Drop Box Dec. 3rd

Discussion Questions #8 due in Drop Box Dec. 7th
*Augustine, CONFESSIONS (Book 1, Nov 24; Books 2-6, Nov. 25 ;

Books 7-10, Dec. 1)

*Augustine, City of God, Book XIX (Dec. 4th) available on sakai

Bathory, Peter Dennis, POLITICAL THEORY AS PUBLIC CONFESSION

Brown, Peter, AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO

....................., RELIGION AND SOCIETY IN THE AGE OF ST. AUGUSTINE

Lowith, Karl, MEANING AND HISTORY

Nygren, Anders, AGAPE AND EROS

Wills, Gary, SAINT AUGUSTINE

H. Conclusion ( December 10)

Augustine, Cicero, Aristotle and Plato: the Problem of Agency and Restraint

Gierke, Otto von, POLITICAL THEORIES OF THE MIDDLE AGE

Gilby, Thomas, PRINCIPALITY AND POLITY

Kantorowicz, Ernst, THE KING’S TWO BODIES



Lewis, Ewart K., MEDIEVAL POLITICAL IDEAS
FINAL EXAM


Students are expected to attend all classes; if you expect to miss one

or two classes, please use the University absence reporting website

https://sims.rutgers.edu/ssra// /to indicate the date and reason for

your absence. An email is automatically sent to me.







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