K. Temporal Aspects of Hazards and Disasters Timing of events can affect the outcome of hazards. For example, the Northridge, California earthquake in 1994 occurred around 4:30 am. Parts of the interstate highway collapsed. There were 57 fatalities. What would have happened if it occurred during rush hour?
What if a tornado hits a downtown area at 7:00 pm Sunday instead of during the workday?
Timing is also a factor if there is heavy rain and flooding following a drought? Can this be beneficial for agricultural interests? What if the crops are already growing with a flood?
Some hazards are described in relation to the rate of the process or the warning time. These are pervasive or short fuse events.