Objective: To identify and explain similarities and differences of the Roman and Han Empires

Roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals, walls

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Roads, bridges, aqueducts, canals, walls

  1. Invoked supernatural sanctions to support rule

1. Romans began viewing deceased emperors as gods and established a religious cult to bolster authority of living emperors

2. Chinese-emperor Son of Heaven  Mandate of Heaven

  1. Both absorbed a foreign religious tradition

1. Christianity developed slowly and by fourth century CE obtained state support to help a declining empire with a common religion

2. Buddhism from India was introduced by Central Asian traders

-But little support from rulers

- Appealed to bewildered after the collapse of the Han dynasty

IV. Collapse of Empires

  1. The Western part of the Roman Empire collapsed in 476 CE after a decline of several centuries -The eastern part began the Byzantine Empire (preserved Greek and Roman learning)

  2. In China, many free peasants turned into impoverished tenant farmers  Led to a major peasant revolt known as the Yellow Turban Rebellion in 184 CE

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