Objective: To identify and explain similarities and differences of the Roman and Han Empires


Conflict between patricians and plebeians led to changes



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Conflict between patricians and plebeians led to changes

1. Twelve Tables, Roman written laws, offered plebeians (common people) some protections

  1. Established office of tribune – represented plebeians

  1. Launched empire-building enterprise - took more than 500 years

  1. Conquered Italian peninsula (began 490s BCE)

  2. Between 264 -146 BCE, Punic Wars with Carthage and victory

  1. Wealth of the empire enriched a few with large estates and slaves

  2. A small group of military leaders (Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Julius Caesar) depended on the poor

  1. Brought civil war to Rome during the first century BCE

  2. When the civil war ended, power now was vested in an emperor

  1. Caesar Augustus (reigned 27 BCE – 14 CE)




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