Oakdale High School Advanced Placement United States History Mr. Simoncini Chapter 2, Section 1 (33-40) Note: All page references are based on the 12th edition of the Brinkley text

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Oakdale High School

Advanced Placement United States History

Mr. Simoncini

Chapter 2, Section 1 (33-40)

Note: All page references are based on the 12th edition of the Brinkley text.

  1. Discuss the three things that Brinkley says characterized the first permanent English settlements in North America.

  1. With regard to Jamestown, Brinkley notes that, “The colonists had chosen their site poorly.” What facts does he list to justify that statement?

  1. In addition to its poor site, there were other reasons why Jamestown was a colony with serious difficulties. Some reasons were natural and humans caused others. Discuss both the natural and human-caused problems as well as the results of those problems.

  1. How did John Smith contribute to the survival of Jamestown?

  1. How did the Virginia Company attract new settlers to Virginia?

  1. After the Virginia Company’s survivors abandoned the settlement in 1610, what extraordinary twist of fate turned the situation around?

  1. What decision (now a traditional American concept) did Governor Dale make that served to help Jamestown survive?

  1. How did Jamestown’s “tobacco economy” transform Chesapeake society?

  1. In 1618, the Virginia Company, in an attempt to make a profit out of their Chesapeake venture, established the “headright system.” Discuss the concept of the headright system.

  1. What other incentives did the Virginia Company employ to make their Chesapeake venture more profitable?

  1. What key event in American history occurred on July 30, 1619 in the Jamestown Church?

  1. Discuss the relationship between the Chesapeake settlers and the Powhatan Nation. What were some of the key events in that relationship?

  1. According to Brinkley, in the end, what led to the survival of Jamestown?

  1. What did the English in Virginia learn from the Native Americans regarding agriculture?

  1. What were the primary two reasons that George Calvert established the Maryland Colony and why did the colony adopt a policy of religious toleration?

  1. “The English settlers in Maryland avoided armed conflict in one sense only to become involved in armed conflict in another sense.” Analyze the previous statement, citing specific facts to justify your conclusions.

  1. Discuss the evolution of voting rights in Virginia between 1619 and 1670.

  1. Summarize Bacon’s rebellion and discuss its significance, particularly with regard to the long-term future of North America.

  1. Evaluate the early English experience in the Chesapeake region. How would you characterize what the English did and how they went about doing it?

Chapter 2 Section 2 (40-48)

  1. What was the historic concession made by the king that allowed the Scrooby group to settle in Virginia? Why was the concession historic?

  1. The Mayflower sailed with 35 “saints” and 67 “strangers.” What was the difference between a saint and a stranger?

  1. What was the Mayflower Compact?

  1. Discuss the profound changes in the natural landscape of New England brought about by English settlement.

  1. Contrast the relationship of the people of Plymouth Plantation with the local Native Americans with the relationship of the people of Chesapeake with the local Native Americans in their region. Why was there such a significant difference?

  1. How did Plymouth Plantation become Massachusetts Bay colony and what were the overt and hidden reasons for its inception?

  1. Governor John Winthrop carried with him to the colony the charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Why was that a significant act?

  1. What was an important difference, noted by Brinkley, between Massachusetts Bay Colony on one hand, and Jamestown and Plymouth on the other hand?

  1. John Winthrop characterized Massachusetts Bay Colony as a “city upon a hill.” What did he mean in using that particular term? What were the results of the underlying philosophy behind Winthrop’s ideas?

  1. Brinkley says: “Colonial Massachusetts was, in effect, a ‘theocracy,’ a society in which the line between the church and the state was hard to see.” How does he justify that statement?

  1. Although nearly a third of the Massachusetts Bay colonists died during the first winter, the colony still grew and prospered—much more so than either Jamestown or Plymouth. What were some of the important reasons for that growth?

  1. Thomas Hooker defied the Massachusetts government and led his congregation to establish the town of Hartford, which later became the anchor for the colony of Connecticut. Why did Hooker defy the Massachusetts government?

  1. Discuss Roger Williams. Who was he and what significant contributions did he make to the growth of the New England region? Can you think of anything that Williams did that was an early foreshadowing of what is now a key element of the American tradition?

  1. Who was Anne Hutchinson and what significant actions did she take? What were the long-term results of Hutchinson’s actions with regard to women in Massachusetts Bay Colony?

  1. Why did relations between the English settlers and the Native American tribes of New England deteriorate? Discuss what happened to the Native American people in that region and include in your discussion hostilities involving the Pequot Indians and what has become known as King Philip’s War.

Chapter 2, Section 3 (48-62)

  1. What was the primary goal of the founders of the Restoration Colonies?

  1. Describe the main differences between the northern and southern parts of the early Carolina colonies.

  1. Discuss the conflict between the English and Dutch in America.

  1. How did New York and New Jersey become English colonies, and how did New York differ from Massachusetts Bay Colony?

  1. Briefly outline some of the basic factors involved in the Quaker religion.

  1. Evaluate William Penn as a colony founder—do you consider him to have been a good and wise fonder or a poor one? Please cite specific historical examples to justify your response.

  1. Discuss the inception of the colony of Delaware.

  1. On what crop (and what byproduct of that crop) did the Caribbean colonies build their economies? The labor-intensive nature of that crop led to what eventual labor situation in the Caribbean colonies?

  1. With what European nations did Spain compete for California?

  1. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, whom did the Spanish consider the greatest threat to the northern borders of their North American empire? How did they respond to that threat?

  1. What was unique about Georgia’s origins? Did what eventually occurred with regard to who settled in Georgia follow the original plan? Justify your response with specific examples.

  1. Evaluate James Oglethorpe as a colony founder—do you consider him to have been a good and wise fonder or a poor one? Please cite specific historical examples to justify your response.

  1. What lesson that the French had long absorbed did the British take considerable time to learn?

  1. To what is Brinkley referring when he writes: “. . . the relationship between whites and Indians was. . . a story of a difficult but stable accommodation and mutual adaptation?”

  1. How did the theory of mercantilism affect how the English began to run their colonies in the late 17th and 18th centuries? In your response, ensure that you discuss the Navigation Acts.

  1. How did the colonies benefit from the Glorious Revolution?

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