THE GREAT DEPRESSION
Background & Causes:
1. The good and bad periods that are repeated periods of business activity are referred to as ______________________.
2. List three characteristics of a depression.
3. Overproduction, speculation, shaky banking, and restrictions in international trade were all causes of ___________________________________.
4. Describe overproduction.
5. Why did people participate in speculation in real estate and the stock market?
6. What were at least two problems that led to bank failures in the 1930s?
7. What was the greatest contributing factor that led to the shrinking of world trade in the late 1920s and early 1930s?
The Depression Begins:
1. What happened on October 29, 1929 that pushed America into the Great Depression?
2. What were at least 4 ways business was impacted by the stock market crash?
3. Describe the impact of the depression on the average person in the 1930s.
4. What was the Dust Bowl and how long did it last?
5. What happened to many farmers as a result of the Dust Bowl?
6. How were Mexican immigrants affected by the Great Depression?
President Hoover and the Depression:
1. To what did President Hoover remain true, despite great economic problems?
2. What demands did President Hoover reject and why?
3. Who did Hoover believe should provide emergency relief instead of the government?
4. How did the Federal Reserve make matters worse?
5. When things did not improve, what did were three things Hoover eventually did?
6. What did Hoover establish to give emergency loans to banks and businesses?
7. What was a “Hooverville”?
8. At the end of Hoover’s term, what was the unemployment rate? How many businesses had failed?
FDR and the New Deal:
1. What are three reasons the New Deal is considered a major turning point in American history?
5. Who made up Roosevelt’s “Brain Trust”?
6. FDR presented himself as an optimist and addressed the people on a regular basis in his __________________.
7. When he addressed the nation, what did FDR talk about?
8. What helped FDR meet the challenges of the Depression?
9. Describe the following women and their contributions during the Depression.
Eleanor Roosevelt –
Frances Perkins –
New Deal Legislation:
1. What did Roosevelt tell the American people about the Depression?
2. On what did FDR blame the crisis?
3. Why did Roosevelt call as special session of Congress? Was it successful?
4. What are the “Three R’s”?
5. For what three groups of people did FDR want to provide relief?
6. Roosevelt believed the key to recovery was to stimulate demand. Describe some of the ways he planned to stimulate the economy.
7. At what were his reforms aimed?
8. On what were many of his measures based?
Impact of and Reactions to the New Deal:
1. In response to the growth of labor unions, what did Roosevelt want to raise to help fight the Depression?
2. Describe at least four things Roosevelt’s critics proposed that differed from his New Deal.
3. Briefly describe how the Supreme Court was affected by New Deal legislation in the 1930s.
4. What did President Roosevelt propose that would have changed the Supreme Court?
5. What was the danger of agreeing to FDR’s “court packing” plan in relation to our system of checks and balances? (this is not in the powerpoint. Think for yourself!)
6. List at least 5 ways state and federal governments were impacted by New Deal legislation.
THE BIG QUESTIONS:
1. What were the causes of the Great Depression?
2. Why was Herbert Hoover unable to cope with the Great Depression?
3. What were the effects of the Great Depression?