Notes on African-American History Since 1900



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315 Robert Justin Goldstein, Political Repression in Modern America, (Schensman Publishing Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978, p. 52).

316 Ibid., p. 529

317 Counter-Intelligence, (op, cit., p. 50).

318 Ibid., p. 210

319 Ibid., p. 213.

320 Counter-Intelligence, op. cit., p. 58.

321 Ibid., p. 28.

322 Goldstein, Political Repression in Modern America, op. cit., p. 465.

323 Michael A. Knoll, “The Prison Eximent,” Southern Exposure, Volume _, Number _, 1979, p. 11.

324 Prison Shops Sales Net 13 million, The Sunday Bulletin, March 26, 1978, p. 3.

325 The Iron Fist and the Velvet Glove: California, Center for Research on Criminal Justice, pp. 40 & 41.

326 Marv Glass, “CONTELPRO Disruption Continues,” Black News, February, 1979, Volume 4, Number 5, p. 10.

327 Jack Bassrd, Jack Nelson, The Organgeburg Massacre [ : Mercer University Press, 1984] p. vii

328 William S. Sales. Jr. From Civil Rights to Black Liberation: Malcolm X and the Organization of Afro-American Unity [Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press, 1994] p. 182.

329 Op. Cit., (Sales) pp. 200-201

330 Maurice A. St. Pierre, “Reagonomics and Its Implications for African American Family Life”, Journal of Black Studies, Volume 21, Number 3/March 1991 p. 325

331 Ibid., p. 328

332 Op. Cit. (St Pierre) p. 330

333 Ibid., p. 14

334 Op. Cit. (Matthews & Kymlicka) p. 16

335 Barry Bluestone, Bennett Harrison The Deindustrilization of America: Plant Closings, Community Abandonment and the Dismantling of Basic Industry [new York: Basic Books, New Publications, 1982] pp. 14 & 192

336 Tory Duster, “Social Implications of the ‘New” Black Underclass”, The Black Scholar May/June 1988, p. 4

337 Thomas Byrne Edsall, The New Politics of Inequality [New York: W. W. Norton, 1985] p. 141

338 Leslie Cockburn, Out of Control [New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987] p. 113.

339 The Line of March editorial Board “Reaganism and the Post-Reagan Era”, Line of March, Number 20, Winder 87-88, p. 33

340 Calvin C. Smith, “The Civil Rights Legacy of Ronald Reagan” The Western Journal of Black Studies, Volume 14, Number 2, Summer 1990 p. 104

341 Robert Lekachman, Greed Is Not Enough: Reaganomics [New York: Pantheon Books, 1982] p. 15

342 Op. Cit (Cockborn) pp. 152-188

343 Ibid, (Edel) pp. 94-95

344 Ibid., (Shull) pp. 197-198

345 Op. Cit (Edel) p. 109

346 Ibid., p. 113

347 Op. Cit. (Shull) p. 197

348 Rebecca Stefoff, The 41st resident of the United States: George H. W. Bush [Ada, Oklahoma: Garrett Educatinoal Corp., 19090] p. 52

349 Op. Cit. (Stefoff) p. 104

350 Max Stanford’s and Media, Pa., FBI Contiel Pro documents, Conversation with Cecil B. Moore, President of the Philadlephia NAACP in 1968, describing the role of Jerimah Shabazz, and Media (FBI COINTELPRO) documents for Stanley Branche’s role as an FBI information in the City of Philadelphia ‘67-‘69.

351 Manning Marable, Black American Politics [London: Verso, 1985] pp. 248-249

352 “Unity and Struggle” – History of the Revolutionary communist League (MLM)”, Forward, No. 3., January 1980, pp. 120-135.

353 Walter Hanes, Jr., Invisible Poltics (Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1985] p. 93

354 Abdul Alkalimat and Doug Gills, “Black Power vs. Racism: Harold Washington Becomes Mayor” in Rod Bud (ed), The New Black Vote [San Francisco: Synthesis Publications, 1984] pp. 55-179.

355 Black Liberation commission/Line of March, Jesse Jackson’s Challenge, June 1984, p. 7.

356 Gordon Dillahunt, “Key to Social Change, A Southern Strategy,” Forward Motion, January-February 1988, Vol. 7, No. 1, p. 11

357 Line of March, “The New Motion in Black Politics and the Electoral Arena,” Line of March, #15, Spring 1984, p. 11

358 U.S. News and World Report, Jan. 11, 1988, p. 19.

359 Yuri Popov, Essays in Political Economy: Imperialism and the Developing Countries. [Moscow: Progess Publishers, 1984] p. 52

360 Gerald Lenoir; “The Democrats Dilemma,” Frontline/Special Supplement, Vol. 5, No. 20, April 11, 1988

361 Jessie Jackson, “The Rainbow Coalition is Here to Stay,” The Black Scholar, September/October 1984, p. 73

362 Sheila Collins, The Rainbow Challenge. [New York: Monthly Review Press, 1986] p. 303

363 Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, Straight from the Heart [Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1987] pp. 300-301

364 Alton Hornsby, Jr., Chronology of African-American History [Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research, Inc., 1991] pp. 388-399

365 Op. Cit. (Alton Horneby, Jr.) pp. 432-435

366 Op. Cit. (Joe Trotter, Jr.) pp. 622

367 Charles M. Christian, Black Saga; The African-American Experience: A Chronology [Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1995] p. 540

368 Op. Cit. p. 546

369 See “Black Men Triump!” Call and Post (Cleveland), Thursday, October 19, 1995, Volume 80, No. 42, p. 1

370 Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle, Dan Georgakas (eds.), Encyclopedia of the American Left (Chicago and London: St. James Press, 1990) pp. 642, 643

371 “New Political Force Unleashed,” The Final Call, Volume 15, No. 1, November 8, 1995, p. 12

372 Muammar al-Qaddafi, The Green Book, (Tripoli, Libya, Africa: Libyan Government), p. 7

373 “Towards a Perfect Union, “The Final Call, November 8, 1995, p. 30

374 Darlene Clark Hine, William C. Hine and Stanley Harrold, The African-American Odyssey [Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006] p. 660

375 Mansfield B. Frazier, “Felony Voting”, Downtown Tab, November 16-29, 1998. pp. 16

376 Draft Report voting Irregularities in Florida During the 2000 Presidential Election (U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, June 8, 2001) pp. 1

377 Ibid, pp. 2-3

378 George C. Edwards, III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry, Study Edition, Government in America People, Politics and Policy (New York: Longman, 2002] pp. 272-273

379 Mansfield B. Frazier “Whit the help of the U.S. Supreme Court Bush Steals presidency, but Governing may prove difficult”, City News, December 14 – December 2000, pp. 1a cont. 5a

380Op. At. Government in America, pp. 275

381 The Plain Dealer, Sunday, October 10, 2004, pp. 4, Art Pines “Temporary part-time labor trims growth of U. S. Jobs”

382 Michael Yates, “A Statistical Portrait”, Monthly review, Volume 56, Number 11, April 2005, p. 20.

383 Ibid (Yates), p. 16

384 Congressional Black Caucus report, 2005

385 Op. Cit. (Yates), p. 22

386 Manning Marble, on panel with Minister Louis Farrahkan at the “Conference of the Black Mayors,” April 29, 2005, Columbus, Ohio (tape)

387 Op. Cit., (Pine), p. G-4

388 The Plain Dealer, Tuesday, May 4, 2004, P. 44 “Bush says economy slow for some but promises he’ll stay the course.”

389 Peter Krause, “Cheaper, Larger, Leaner,” The Plain Dealer, Sunday, October 10, 2004, p. 10

390 Barbara Ransby, “US: The Black Poor and the Politics of Expendability, Race and Class, 382 (1996), p. 102

391 Urban League’s Annual “Black America” report cities “Stagnant Unemployment, High Obesity and Prison Rates, “Jet Magazine, May 21, 2005, Volume 109, No. 18, p. 4

392 Robert L. Allen, “Reassessing the Internal (Neo) Colonialism Theory Today, “The Black Scholar, Volume 35, No. 1, p 7

393 Urban League’s Annual “Black America” report cities “Stagnant Unemployment, High Obesity and Prison Rates, “Jet Magazine, May 2, 2005, Volume 109, No. 18. Tab, November 16-24, 1998, p. 16

394 Op. Cit. (Allen), p. 7

395 Mansfield B. Frazier, “Felony voting,” Downtown Tab, November 16-24, 1998, p. 16

396 Allison Grant, “NE Ohio jobless numbers continue to rise, “Greater Cleveland Community News, Volume 18, Issue 4, April 2005, p. 3

397 “Public begins to hear implications of oil production peaking”, The Plain Dealer, Sunday January 16, 2005, p. G-4

398 Gerald Horne, Imperial Intrigues, Political Affairs, Volume 84, No. 4, p. 43

399 Ibid. (Horne), p. 44

400 Julie Chao, “Coal drives China’s growth pollution chokes its cities, “The Plain Dealer, Sunday October 10, 2004, p. A-4

401 Chris Seper and John funk, “Digging deep to headoff oil crisis, “The Plain Dealer, Sunday, May 29, 2005, p. A16-17

402 Barack Obama from Wikipedia, The free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack Obama, p. e



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