Introduction: The 1700s has been called the “golden age of smuggling.” Colonial and home markets did not usually mesh, providing an opportunity for smugglers (pirates) to make large amounts of money at the expense of empires.
Directions: 1. You will create a sign, billboard, placard, or whatever you want warning smugglers that their actions will not be tolerated by the colonial governments.
2. Your warning should contain: a written warning against smuggling, the penalties for smuggling, the name of your country’s government and your name, and illustrations meant to gain attention of smugglers and to let them know how serious you are. Do not simply write a statement and a penalty on a piece of paper. You want to get the attention of criminals – what would be the best way to do that?
Options: 1. You may use any appropriate materials to create your warning sign (poster, cardboard, etc.)
2. You can use paint, markers, colored pencils, chalk, or any other materials to create your writing and illustrations
3. The illustrations do not need to be artistic – they just need to be attention-grabbing (if you are not artistic, keep it simple)
4. There is no minimum number of words for your warning or penalties nor is there a minimum number of illustrations – use your judgment – what is the best way to get a smuggler’s attention
Grade: 1. Created a detailed, attention-grabbing warning to smugglers – 25 points
2. Listed accurate and fair punishments for smuggling crimes of the time – 50 points
3. Included the name of your government and your name – 5 points
4. Created detailed, attention-grabbing illustrations to explain your message to pirates – 50 points
5. Warning sign demonstrates significant effort and an attempt at creativity – 20 points
Due Date: _________________________________________________
NOTEBOOK #8: OVERSEAS EMPIRES
1. Periods of European Overseas Empires
4 Stages of Contact
Since Renaissance, Europe’s contact with rest of world has gone through 4 stages
This period ended by end of 1600s
2. Mercantile empires –
By 1700s, overseas empires existed to foster trade & commerce
As a result, quest for empire led to creation of large navies & series of naval wars – which were connected to wars on continent
Anglo-French conflict had theaters of war in Europe, America, West Africa, and India
By 1700s, slave population of New World was almost entirely black – imported from Africa or born to slaves
Slave-based plantation economy in Americas led to 300 years of European & American involvement in African slave trade
During 2nd period, British colonies in North America & Spanish colonies of Mexico & Central America broke free from European control
3. Third stage occurred in 1800s
Also included new areas – Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Algeria
Reasons for these empires – trade, national honor, spread of Christianity, & military strategy
4. Last period occurred during mid- and late 20th century –
For 450 years, Europeans dominated most of rest of world
These oppressed peoples were smaller than Europe in size & population
Europeans treated them as social, intellectual, and economic inferiors
What allowed Europeans to exert their dominance was technological superiority –
Directions: We will watch a clip from the 1964 film, Zulu. The scene depicts 150 British soldiers defending a mission from 3000 Zulu warriors at the Battle of Rorke’s Drift. After watching the clip, answer the questions that follow. Worth 16 points.
Why do you think the Zulu are chanting as they prepare for battle? What purpose does the chanting serve?
How do the British respond to the Zulu’s chanting? Why do they do this?
How effective is psychological warfare in battle? How important is morale in a battle?
If you were one of only 150 soldiers and you looked across the battlefield at 3000 chanting warriors ready to attack you, how would you feel? What would keep you from running away?
What happens during the battle?
Why were the British so successful against the Zulu?
If guns were the key to British success, why do you think the Zulu and other similar groups did not make their own guns?
Many of the men in the British squad were given the highest military award in Britain for their defense at Rorke’s Drift. Do you think they deserved it or was it an unfair fight? Explain.
2. Mercantile Empires
Who Controlled What?
Navies & merchant shipping were keys to mercantile empires
Treaty of Utrecht (1713) established the boundaries of empire during early 1700s
Also ruled Florida, Mexico, California, & Southwest in North America
Also governed Central America, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and Dominican Republic
British controlled colonies along east coast of North America, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Bermuda, Jamaica, & Barbados
French dominated St. Lawrence, Ohio, & Mississippi River valleys