Note: See also the files: timeline-art, calenders-msg, med-calend-art, Charlemagne-art, Isabella-art, Otto-t-great-art, St-Hildegard-msg, Lamoral-art

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A series of daily articles on period history by Sir Balthazar of Endor. (humor)
NOTE: See also the files: timeline-art, calenders-msg, med-calend-art, Charlemagne-art, Isabella-art, Otto-T-Great-art, St-Hildegard-msg, Lamoral-art,

Joan-of-Arc-art, Margery-Kemp-msg.


This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that

I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some

messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.

This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium.

These files are available on the Internet at:

I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with

seperate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes

extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were

removed to save space and remove clutter.

The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I

make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the

individual authors.
Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these

messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this

time. If information is published from these messages, please give

credit to the orignator(s).

Thank you,

Mark S. Harris AKA: Lord Stefan li Rous


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - EuroBoys Overseas

Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 17:17:19 -0500

for your enjoyment, the following post is shared as it was received

from a close bro'(origional posted on a "family" elist), with

specific permission granted from the author, Sir Balthazar, a rather

infamous, ex-pat ansteorran ...

Dear Folk,
Today, June 14, back in 1191 Phillip II ordered a full out attack on

the Moslem held city of Acre. It failed. I mean we had French and

English and whomsoever they could scrape together just a waling and a

bashing on this fortress city. Death and destruction all around.

Salah ad-Din's (better known to the West as Saladin)troops held.
Now the battle actually had been going on since June 6th. Richard I,

the Lionheart, had arrived on the scene and Phil was kind of anxious to

show him what French troops could do. Phil and Rick were best friends

and some say lovers. Still, they were competing kings of great

countries. Phil's dad was Louis VII whom Eleanor of Aquitaine had

divorced to marry Henry II (Rick's dad). Did Phil hate / envy Rick just

a little because Ellie went over to Hank? Boy! in anycase, that was

some close kinship.

The name Acre in Hebrew is sort of "Akko" and in Ancient Greek

"Ptolemais." There's probably about 50,000 folk there now. It is north

of Mt. Carmel in NW Israel. Acre is a seaport town which made it

crucial for the crusaders. The best way to get supplies was from the

sea. Avoiding those pesky Moslem raiding parties and the heat of the

desert was essential. Acre was first taken by the crusaders in 1104.

Salah ad-Din had been consolidating Moslem power since the 1170s when

he took Egypt and Syria. In 1183 he took the town of Aleppo which

served notice to the crusaders he was for real. On May 1, 1187 he beat

the Hospitlers and Templars at Nazareth. Losing that holy ground must

have stung badly.
The major battle of the 2nd Crusade took place on July 4, 1187 in a

stretch of desert and sand hills called the Horns of Hattin. The

Hospitlers and Templars were led into a dry and dangerous camp. The

crusaders went into a trap that was to crush the flower of chivalry

for years. Templars getting beheaded, kings being ransomed. Ugly stuff.
Anyway, the third crusade was started around 1189. Phil and Rick were

there. After over a month of siege, Acre fell to the crusaders. Salah

ad-Din decided that making nice was the crafty thing to do. In 1192

the crusaders and the great Moslem leader concluded a peace treaty, The

Peace of Ramala. The crusaders got a strip of land along the coast. The

Moslems pretty much got the rest. Phil went home. Rick went towards

home but got captured along the way (see Robinhood legends about

Prince John). Salah ad-Din eventually died. Hey, we all do.

So what is the lesson here? Patience and broadsword win the city?

Things never work out the way you plan? Soldiers die so that kings can

sip sherbert in the shade? Watch out for lack of drinkable water?
I like that last one. Watch out for lack of water. I am also a firm

believer of "don't go in nobody strange's 'hood and act Billy Badass."

See, the Moslems knew the turf; those blue-eyed EuroBoys did not.

Reminds me about a story about Vietnam which will have to wait.

Peace, Love, and Fight Yer Own Damned Wars,


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - Ides of June

Date: Thu, 15 Jun 2000 17:19:00 -0500

another from Sir.B.



Dear Folk,

Today June 15th is the anniversary of so many things – overwhelmingly

important things. So if you do not feel like going to work, you have

ample excuses. I will give you three.
On this day in 1215 The Magna Carta was signed by John Lackland of

England. You may remember John as the youngest of Henry II’s sons. He

is generally portrayed as a greasy, sniveling coward. Fact is that John

has such an ill-repute in England that no heir to the throne since has

been named John. John came to the throne originally as Prince John who

was just sitting in for his noble brother Richard I, the Lionheart.

When Rick was heading back from the Third Crusade in 1192 he had the

misfortune to be captured by Leopold, Duke of Austria. Leo was no fool,

he sent Rick in chains to Emperor Henry VI. Meanwhile, Saladin, his old

enemy and friend, died. It took over a year for Prince John to get

together enough money to ransom his brother Rick. Say what you will,

John did send the money by Western Union and Rick did go free.

Now when someone else is in charge of the house for awhile, you find

that things have changed. Rick was kind of miffed that John had lost

lots of French dirt. First thing out of the chute, Rick heads up folks

from England to go whomp up on the French. Rick never did stay long in

England. In fact he married Berengaria of Navarre (May 12, 1191) when

he was on his way to the Crusade. Eleanor had dragged the poor girl all

the way to Cyprus to marry her warrior son. Queen B never even set one

dainty foot on Albion. She probably would not have liked it there

anyway. Food was horrid. Rick finally got his at a small French castle

called Chalus. Took a crossbow bolt in the shoulder, it got infected,

he died (March 1199).
John became king and needed a queen. He married a sprightly lass named

Isabella of Angoulem. The blushing bride was 12 years old at the time.

When not cavorting and raising taxes John did much to subdue the Welsh

and the Scots and the Irish. Made sure that all Englishmen practiced

with the Welsh longbow. Yea!
Anyway, John got cornered by his barons. At a place called Runnymeade

he signed a piece of parchment granting rights of governance to his

barons. This did nothing for the common folk directly, mind you. This

Magna Carta John repudiated as soon as he got free of the rather

well-armed barons. Of course, the barons declared an unpleasantness

against John (the First Baronial War 1215-1217) which went on until

William Marshall put them down. Bill Marshall was called upon to

protect John’s son Hank III after John’s passing (Oct 19, 1216).

Some say that the Magna Carta was the beginnings of democracy in

England. To me it shows that you can get folks to sign just about

anything if you have a nice sharp broadsword and the will to use it.

Anyway, happy Magna Carta Day!

On a similar note, on this day in 1381 Wat Tyler died thus putting an

end to Wat Tyler’s Rebellion. Here was a man of the people. The pass

phrase, which I stole for my ending of "Long Lankin," was "When Adam

delved and Eve spun, who were the gentlemen?" Essentially, somewhere

along the line we were equal; what happened? Where did we get these

kings? Good question. Someday I will tell you about the origins of

Finally, and I know this is getting long, on June 15th, 1648, Margret

Jones of Charlestown, Massachusetts Colony, was the first person in the

New World to be executed for witchcraft. I cannot celebrate that but

will say that with the present political realities of certain Texas

governors, she certainly will not be the last.
So that is the news for today in the trenches, in the Debil’s Ditch.

Be kind to each other. Love your enemy and drive him nuts.

Your chronicler,


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - Musing on June 20th

Date: Tue, 20 Jun 2000 13:28:50 -0500

Dear Folks,
Today, June 20th, is the anniversary of "al Hajira," the flight. It is

the start of the Moslem era. Happened 622 CE. So happy birthday, Moslem

calendar! It is also our Prince John Lackland’s birthday (1189).

Quite a combination.

We have already kind of mused on Johnny, the throne, his child bride,

his brothers, and mother. So we will just wish John well wherever he

I am no Moslem scholar so forgive me if I muddle things up. Mohammed

was born on August 20, 570 CE. I know, the date was not exact and I

... further historical musings passed along from Sir Balthazar, an

illustrious (infamous?) ex-pat ansteorran.


Dear Folks,

Today, June 20th, is the anniversary of "al Hajira," the flight. It is

the start of the Moslem era. Happened 622 CE. So happy birthday, Moslem

calendar! It is also our Prince John Lackland’s birthday (1189). Quite

a combination.

We have already kind of mused on Johnny, the throne, his child bride,

his brothers, and mother. So we will just wish John well wherever he

I am no Moslem scholar so forgive me if I muddle things up. Mohammed

was born on August 20, 570 CE. I know, the date was not exact and I

have not done his chart to rectify iit. I do like that it puts hi still

in Leo and right on the Virgo cusp. His dad, Abdallah, died right after

Mohammed was born. Then his mom passed away when Mohammed was only six.

Poor kid. He was farmed out to his uncle Abu-Talib who set the boy to

watching the sheep and goats. Lots of shepherds in that region. Guess

he grew strong and bored out on the hillsides. Probably threw rocks

at birds, made up his own songs, whatever.
When Mohammed was 25 he married a rich widow, Khadeejah, who was 15

years his senior. She bore him six children all of whom, save Fatimah

his beloved daughter, died very young. Let’s face it, Khadeejah was

forty when she married Mohammed. Her biological clock was alarming

pretty strongly.
Things turned around pretty heavily in 612 CE. Mohammed got a call, he

said, from the Angel Gabriel. It was not an easy message; these sorts

seldom are. He had to go kick butt and put all the heathen tribes on

the path of monotheism. It is oft cited as proof of the Divinity of the

Message that Mohammed was able to convince his wife of its reality.

Think of that: he has a vision and his wealthy, older wife believed

Mohammed’s tribe had controlled Mecca with its magickal and holy spot

the Kaaba. Some say that the Kaaba is a meteorite, a very large one. I

like that, myself. The desert tribes had been leaving bits of offerings

at this shrine for centuries. Mohammed decided, with the aid of his

holy visitor, that these pagans had to get right with Allah (God of

Abraham and Moses.) Mohammed converted a whole bunch of folks: his

father-in-law, his slave, other tribe members. They grew in number and

irritation until in 622 CE, June 20th, the folks of Mecca kicked them

out, "The Flight." Mohammed went to Medina to gather strength and to

preach his message.

Eight years later, in 630 CE, Mohammed and his band returned to Mecca,

smashed the pagan idols around the Kaaba, and essentially won the

religious war. Okay, I skipped some bloody spots. Go back and read them

yourself. Mohammed went to his heaven in 633 CE. He was taken off with

a fever for those of you who always want to know about such things. And

yes, I did read that he also suffered with epilepsy throughout his

What lessons do we have here? Marry a rich widow and convince her of

your message? He who fights and runs away, lives to fight another day?

I think my lesson is iconoclasts (idol breakers) are usually revered

only after they are dead. And what of the Kaaba which those heathens

idolized? Oh, the Moslems now circle around it as a holy activity

during their pilgrimage to Mecca. Hey, idol makers can always

outstrip idol breakers.
A Billy Idol fan myself,


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - Musing on June 24, Unto the Pure All is Pure

Date: Sun, 25 Jun 2000 12:07:33 -0500

todays musings from Sir Balthizar covers a area of long-time

intertest to myself and a historical incident that i've mentioned

before - the Albigensian Crusade .. he provides some more information

for those interested in such things.

pay particular attention to supposed origions of the term "kill them

all and let god sort them out" (documentation anyone ????) and one of

my particular favorites, "better an infidel than a heretic" (we of

the heretical faith just can't get no respect ... grin w/fangs)


Dear Folk,

On this day June 24, 1209, the crusade against the Albegensians (The

Cathari) started out from Lyon, France. It took over 35 years to wipe

out these evil heretics. The crusade against them, to show them the

light, was lead by such notables as Simon de Montford and Domingo De

You might remember Domingo for a couple of things. One, he was so good

in the military and such a great soul, he was canonized as St. Dominic.

All those nifty Dominicans who lead the Inquisition were his folk!

Remember the Singing Nun? Her song “Dominic” was in praise of him. Oh,

the second was from his famous quote. As the final Cathar city was

about to fall, one of Domingo's subordinates wondered how they would

separate the Catholics from the non-Catholics, to which Domingo replied

with "Kill them all, let God sort them out" And you thought we came

up with that in Vietnam!
The Cathari were a horrid lot. They must have been for the pope to

declare a crusade against them. This was in the middle of all that

fighting in the Holy Land. The pope decides to go whomp up on some

folks in Southern France instead. As one of the Church fathers was

heard to remark, “Better an infidel than a heretic.”
Cathari, means "pure" in Greek. Branded heretics by the Church, little

remains to speak of them today, other than Inquisition records. Their

writings were destroyed along with their earthly bodies. Guess the

good guys won.

Some of their heresies that we know of included the belief in a spirit

of the land, then known as Oc, which was that of tolerance and personal

liberty. They also believed in a duality, a fight between Good and

Evil. That was an obvious error because we all know everything,

including Dominic De Guzman, is Good. They also held women as equals,

and are credited with being responsible for Courts of Love,

troubadours, the Grail Legends. We also know the revered the Gospel of

John, used caves for initiation, were in touch with the power of stone

(tellurgic currents), and used the pentacle. There is also some

evidence they believed in reincarnation.

It is one thing for an old guy to decide to renounce the world and

become a monk. It is quite another thing for entire villages to do so.

These folks were led by vegetarians who did not have sex! And they did

not believe in the authority of popes or kings. They preached a

reformation of Christianity and the harsh feudal laws. These folks

were subversive to the very fabric of their society.

The supposed end of all this piety and disobedience to established

government and church came at Montségur, a castle in Southern France.

Below Montségur lies a peaceful meadow, its name, "Field of the

Burned". In March, 1244, 205 Cathars were burned alive on the site,

rather than renounce their creed. They marched singing and willingly

into that fire. Funny, the crusaders failed to find the supposed

wealth of the Cathari.
Are there any lessons to be learned here? Grasshopper’s always wrong in

argument with chicken? Fire nicely destroys heretics and their

doctrine? Yes, Janet Reno, you can put your hand down. Be one badass

dude and you can become a saint? Some treasure is not visible to the

profane eye? I think I shall go with a now-Buddhist monk, Leonard

Cohen, on this one: ”Myself I’ve yearned for love and light but must

It come so cruel and oh so bright?”
History is written by the winners and sometimes the whiners,


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - Musing on June 26th, Oh Ricky, You're So Fine! (part I)

Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2000 17:49:35 -0500

todays installement from Sir B. ... convoluted medieaval royal

politics and a opinion that will probably irk more than a few ...

care to guess which one (g)
Dear Folk,
On June 26, 1483, Richard Duke of Gloucester took the English throne

As Richard III. He became the last Plantaganet and arguably the last

medieval king of England.
Now some of you out there are saying “Whoopie-turtle, another stinking

king!” Okay, you might be right. Ricky III is interesting, though. The

play that Shakespeare (or somebody) wrote of that title is one great

slam-dunk of a king. In the play, we find Ricky engineering the deaths

of two little kids, his brother George, and few others. Kills one enemy

and tricks that dead guy’s wife into marrying him. Tragically-cool

king stuff.
Ricky came to power finally within the last two years of the War of

Roses (1455-85), thirty years of civil war which had just wasted

England. A guy by the name of Dick York, you may remember him from

"Bewitched," thought that Hank VI was not very smurfy and also did

not have as much right to the throne as he did. Dick was directly

descended from Eddie III (remember poor Eddie II? Well, Eddie III was

his son.). Dick York and his second son Edmund were killed by Hank VI’s

wife Margaret (actually her forces but Maggie of Anjou was no slouch

when it came to hammering on) in 1460. Hank was pretty mellow. Some

say a little dotty. That is the rep you get when you just don’t like

Hank VI was a Lancaster (sort of the Hatfields of the drama) descended

from Hank Bolingbroke who murdered Dick II, grandson of Eddie III back

in 1399. The McCoys were the Yorks. With Dick York out of the way, it

looked like the next one to pick up the banner was Dick York’s eldest

son, Eddie IV. Eddie lost no time in running Maggie back to France

and locking up good, but spacey Hank VI (for his own safety).

Eddie kept the peace, his peace but a peace ne’ertheless, until 1469.

How it got broken is interesting.

Poor Eddie IV, he screwed things up when he went and fell for a

commoner. The whole War of the Roses thing was about whom was more

kingly. Nothing like diluting the claim to the throne. Okay, Lizzie

Woodville was rich and a babe but had some really tacky relations --

not as bad as some of our presidents, but close. Eddie and Lizzie got

together just as Warwick was off trying to arrange a marriage of

Eddie IV to the sister of the French king.
Warwick, who was Eddie’s cousin, had raised George and Ricky as

children. Warwick had two daughters and no sons and was kind of looking

to cement his royal way of life. George (Eddie's bro.) even married the

eldest daughter Isabel without Eddie’s knowledge or consent. Eddie hit

the roof. Then he had to go embarrass Warwick again in front to the

What have we gotten from this so far? Although we may be very kingly,

there are always folks who fancy themselves our betters? When you marry

a lady, you tend to marry her whole family? I think I find that no

matter how nice you tend to be and how loyal, someone in power can

forget your feelings entirely.

This is getting long. How about I continue this later? Say “yes.”

(Part II tomorrow)

Getting ready to watch "Looking for Richard," again,


From: "j'lynn yeates"


Subject: ANST - Musing on June 28th; :Lancing a Lot

Date: Wed, 28 Jun 2000 15:30:46 -0500

todays missive from Sir.B. .... crusade!, space rocks, & spear of

destiny stuff


Dear Folk,

On this date June 28, 1098 just outside of Antioch in the Holy Land was

fought the most deciding battle of 1st Crusade, The Battle of the

Lance. Pretty interesting story mixing faith, religion, and good old

fashioned slaying.

The 1st Crusade was fought from 1095 to 1100; this was June of 1098.

The Europeans were stalled inside of Antioch. The Moslems lead by a

dude named Kerbogha (hey, when you have a name like that, you don’t

need a last name. It was like Madonna or Prince or Iman.) were also not

feeling too well. Distention within the ranks was the order of the day.

Some things happened to turn the tide for the European guys: a vision

- -- actually a series of them – an archeological "find" and a meteor.
On June 10th a poor peasant by the name of Peter Bartholomew, the

servant of a member of Count Raymond of Tolouse’s army, came before

Count Ray and Bishop Adhemar. Okay, here is this ragamuffin coming into

these rich and buff dudes, he wants to tell them of his dreams, right.

He told them that St. Andy (patron saint of Scotland you might recall)

had been giving him some inside dope. St. Andy said that the spear that

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