Zhao, Xiaojian. “Chinese American Women Defense Workers in World War II.” California History 75 (1996): 138-153. (17) Xiaojian Zhao’s piece, “Chinese American Women Defense Workers in World War II”, details the post-Gold Rush status of Chinese populations within California, especially in the pre-World War II climate. As Zhao explores “World War II marked a turning point in the lives of Chinese Americans. For the first time, Chinese Americans began to be accepted by the larger American society”170. Though this remained a milestone regarding Chinese and American relations, there still remained anti-Chinese sentiments and many Chinese were still unsure of their side in regards to the war. Because of fierce and grown hate towards Japanese following the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the American public became wary of these two groups and, as Zhao explains, population persuaders like magazines and the media, did their best to help the American people negotiate this “confusing” realm of racism – as “Time magazine…published a short article to help the American public differentiate their Chinese ‘friends’ from the Japanese”171. This level of racism and the quick change from stigma of one group to stigma of another is not something which should be gawked at as merely of the past, for one must remember that the United States is young and World War II was not as far away as most would like to think. There is still quickness in this nation to create anti-sentiment to most groups, there is just more of a subtlety to it in the present day.