May, Larry. “Hollywood and the California Dream”. In Screening Out the Past: The Birth of Mass Culture and the Motion Picture Industry. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980): 245-253. (8) Larry Mays excerpt from his text, Screening Out the Past: The Birth of Mass Culture and the Motion Picture Industry, examines the context of historical preference in the evolution of mass media and communication in California as translated throughout the United States. As May documents, “movies and mass culture were key elements in the transition from nineteenth-century values of strict behavior toward greater moral experimentation”167. Perhaps most interesting a point that Mays makes is that by this end of the nineteenth-century many Americans became withdrawn from the Frontier Myth and realized that with the disappearance of this American Dream came the disappearance of “the main utopian aspirations in American life”168. This shattering of the utopian is no stranger to California, as is its rehabilitation of the dream. Despite the stages of dystopian presence within California, the state itself, including Hollywood, teeters between the two polars – between the dystopia and the utopia. This mentality still seems present, but also relative; often times it can be seen in the draw to and from the state, living the American Dream is still thought to be living in California. Taking into consideration the ideals of East Coast Anglo-Saxon society and rewriting them to fit the sunny California demeanor, it is difficult to visualize California as anything but laid-back, but one should take the time to questions if there was no influence of Hollywood, would California be the same today? Would it embrace the same ethics? The same liberalism?