North/Union vs the South/ Confederacy. The war was fought between the years 1861-1865



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The Civil War

  1. civil war” means war inside of one country. Both sides are from the same country.

  2. The sides of the American Civil War were the North/Union vs. the South/ Confederacy.

  3. The war was fought between the years 1861-1865.

  4. The main reason the war was fought was because the South wanted to secede (separate) from the North and the North didn’t want them to.

  5. The Southern states were North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Virginia, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee

  6. The advantages for the Union were industrialization, meaning factories producing equipment such as guns, ammunition, and cannons. They had 1,000’s of miles of train tracks, telegraph system to communicate, population was several times larger than the South’s, the Navy was bigger, and a better trained army.

  7. The Confederates’ advantages were many. Home-field advantage is where you are familiar with the terrain. Southern men were encouraged to go to military school. They were more used to hard work, living outdoors and hunting. Civilians wanted to help them. They had better generals.

  8. A technological advance which improved communication was the telegraph. Abraham Lincoln communicated directly with his generals easily even when they were far away.

  9. Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle ever fought on U.S. soil. It was the turning point of the war. The Union won. Union’s casualties were 23,055. The Confederates casualties were 23,231. Fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

  10. The general for the North was Ulysses S. Grant. For the South was Robert E. Lee. Gen. Stonewall Jackson was very effective at fighting against the Anaconda Plan in the western part of the Confederacy.

  11. The Anaconda plan was the North’s plan to surround the South and cut off all supplies so they were “suffocated/starved” and would give up.

  12. The Emancipation Proclamation was Lincoln’s order that freed the slaves. It did NOT make them citizens. Some European countries wanted to help the South but didn’t want to support slavery, so the Proclamation stopped their support. It didn’t change much for the African Americans.

The Civil War



  1. civil war” means war inside of one country. Both sides are from the same country.

  2. The sides of the American Civil War were the North/Union vs. the South/ Confederacy.

  3. The war was fought between the years 1861-1865.

  4. The main reason the war was fought was because the South wanted to secede (separate) from the North and the North didn’t want them to.

  5. The Southern states were North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Virginia, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee

  6. The advantages for the Union were industrialization, meaning factories producing equipment such as guns, ammunition, and cannons. They had 1,000’s of miles of train tracks, telegraph system to communicate, population was several times larger than the South’s, the Navy was bigger, and a better trained army.

  7. The Confederates’ advantages were many. Home-field advantage is where you are familiar with the terrain. Southern men were encouraged to go to military school. They were more used to hard work, living outdoors and hunting. Civilians wanted to help them. They had better generals.

  8. A technological advance which improved communication was the telegraph. Abraham Lincoln communicated directly with his generals easily even when they were far away.

  9. Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle ever fought on U.S. soil. It was the turning point of the war. The Union won. Union’s casualties were 23,055. The Confederates casualties were 23,231. Fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

  10. The general for the North was Ulysses S. Grant. For the South was Robert E. Lee. Gen. Stonewall Jackson was very effective at fighting against the Anaconda Plan in the western part of the Confederacy.

  11. The Anaconda plan was the North’s plan to surround the South and cut off all supplies so they were “suffocated/starved” and would give up.

  12. The Emancipation Proclamation was Lincoln’s order that freed the slaves. It did NOT make them citizens. Some European countries wanted to help the South but didn’t want to support slavery, so the Proclamation stopped their support. It didn’t change much for the African Americans.


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