A JOINT RESOLUTION ESTABLISHING THE ENERGY CRISIS STUDY COMMISSION.
Whereas, there has been a great deal of recent publicity devoted to the apparent approach of a serious petroleum shortage during this summer and in the coming decade; and
Whereas, last winter saw many areas of the country with closed businesses and schools because of shortages of petroleum and other fuels; and
Whereas, airlines have been unable to acquire all of the fuel they needed resulting in extra fuel stops and cancelled flights; and
Whereas, our North Carolina State Purchasing Department has been unable to contract for the State oil requirements; and
Whereas, a number of major oil companies are starting to ration supplies to their distributors; and
Whereas, we appear to be approaching increased use, higher prices, and shorter supply of gasoline and diesel fuel, and savings in our uses of these fuels is desirable; and
Whereas, on April 3, 1973, the Chase Manhattan Bank, in its regular review of the petroleum situation, said that the looming oil shortage could "tend to cripple the nation's transportation system "; and
Whereas, our North Carolina passenger and freight transportation is heavily dependent on private cars and trucks which are inefficient energy users compared to trains and buses, and by our tax structure and use of taxes we can affect this business; and
Whereas, there has been a series of recent electrical power failures in the South that have caused problems of dramatic proportions, and a continuing reliable source of electric power is necessary for the well being of our citizens; and
Whereas, present limitations on providing natural gas to new industries limits the expansion of industry and may soon limit gas available for homes: and
Whereas, in efforts to conserve energy the federal government has changed the FHA Insulation Requirements and the states of California and Minnesota have changed their Building Codes to include better insulation; and
Whereas, there have been serious delays in construction and start up of new utility plants to serve our area, and there have been shortages of coal, oil, and gas for existing plants; and
Whereas, there has been much discussion of the potential effects of newly developed natural or synthetic fuels, such as: synthetic coal gas, solar energy, geothermal energy, and nuclear power; and
Whereas, North Carolina is entirely dependent on the import of energy sources such as gas, oil, coal, and atomic energy, and is thus highly sensitive to the United States and International energy situation; and
Whereas, the depletion of our domestic oil supplies and our increased oil usage will lead to much larger oil imports with implications to oil spills, port business, need for offshore super ports; and
Whereas, since energy availability influences the types of industry wanted, the population growth desired, and the type of transportation system needed, we must have information on future energy sources to guide our actions in these matters;
Now, therefore, be it resolved by the Senate, the House of Representatives concurring:
Section 1. There is hereby created the Energy Crisis Study Commission, to be made up of three (3) members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, three (3) members appointed by the Lieutenant Governor, and six (6) members appointed by the Governor. The Governor's appointees shall include one (1) representative of the liquid petroleum industry, one (1) representative of the natural gas industry, and one (1) representative of the electric power industry; there shall be no restrictions or limitation on his three remaining appointments. The Speaker and Lieutenant Governor may choose to appoint members of the General Assembly, but they are not required to do so. The Governor shall designate one of his six appointees to serve as Chairman.
Sec. 2. The first meeting shall be at the call of the Chairman of the Commission.
Sec. 3. The Commission's study shall include, but not limit itself to, consideration of:
(1) Present sources of energy supply to North Carolina and the possibilities of their curtailment at levels below our needs; to answer the question, "Is the problem real to North Carolina?".
(2) Possible changes in the cost of energy; the effects of curtailed supplies and higher prices for energy on the people and industry of North Carolina.
(3) Measures that might be taken to minimize the impact of energy shortages on the people and economy of North Carolina; conservation, mass transit...
(4) Other pertinent studies that are now underway; S.I.N.B., Ford Foundation, Federal Government...
(5) Actions that have been taken by other states and cities; California and Minnesota building regulations on insulation, proposed New York legislation on labeling appliances with efficiency and electrical usage...
(6) Interactions between environmental constraints and energy needs; sulfur content of fuel oil, limiting availability of oil...
(7) Effects of land use planning on energy needs.
(8) Possible impact of potential energy sources (such as solar, geothermal. controlled fusion) on the situation.
(9) Effect of the energy crisis on fertilizer and other supplies for the Agricultural Industry, and on the demand for agricultural products.
(10) Implications of the energy crisis on employment and wages, and thus on taxes and welfare.
(11) Possible needs for citizen-industry-government educational programs on energy conservation and how to start such programs.
(12) Effect of the energy crisis on the mobility of our citizens and on tourism.
Sec. 4. The Commission shall have the authority to employ clerical assistance, to make arrangements for professional staffing and consultants, to purchase supplies and equipment, and to call and interview witnesses.
Sec. 5. Any supplies or equipment not used by the Commission shall become the property of the General Assembly on termination of the Commission.
Sec. 6. Compensation and travel and expense allowance for Commission members shall be the same as for State Boards and Commissions under G.S. 138-6.
Sec. 7. Expenses of the Commission shall be paid out of the Contingency and Emergency Fund.
Sec. 8. On or before January 30, 1974, the Commission shall report to the General Assembly and thereafter cease to exist.
Sec. 9. This resolution shall become effective upon ratification.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified, this the 23rd day of May, 1973.