1. What new kind of bullet has brought the Civil War to a deadlock?
2. The minié ball is used in both the ____North____ and the ____South____.
3. In total the ____North____ makes ____1/2 billion____ minié balls to use in their 2 million muskets supplied to their men.
4. The Civil War was the first _______modern______ war because it was the first war after
the ____Industrial Revolution______.
5. Grooves in the inside of the barrel give the minié ball improved _____accuracy___ and
______range__________. In impact the bullet ____flattens__ out.
6. But for all the minié ball’s technical edge, the army still uses _traditional military_
7. By the time of the North’s final victory, over _______600,000____ are dead, ___2%____
of the nation’s entire population. Almost ____1/2____ of the dead remain unidentified.
8. In August of 1862, General ___Robert E. Lee’s____ Confederate army is readying to
launch a wide ranging assault against Union forces in _______Virginia______.
9. Southern soldiers are fighting for _Southern Independence_, ______traditions__, and
its _____way of life_________. The prosperity is built around a single
crop, cotton, known as _____white gold____. The South accounts for ___2/3___
of the World’s supply of cotton.
10. _______Robert E. Lee_____ took command of the Army of Northern Virginia.
11. The South defeated the North at the Second Battle of ___Bull Run____ in Manasas, Va.,
in June of 1862. __Determination___ and local ___knowledge_____ gave them their
greatest victory in the war to date.
12. President __Abraham Lincoln__ was fighting a new kind of war that Southern
leaders didn’t get.
13. The ______railroad______ gave the North an advantage because they could
transport _______troops_____ and ___supplies______ much quicker to
the battle field. The railroad became a ___weapon__ of war.
14. The North has ___24,000_____ miles of track compared the South’s ___9,000___ when
the war began.
15. The North added __4,000__ miles of track during the war while the South only added
16. Lincoln mobilized the entire ___industrial___ mite of the North during the war.
17. Production of _____clothing____ doubled, pitch fork manufacturers began making
____swords_____, and the number of ___patents____ doubled.
18. A simple device, the _______telegraph_______, will transform how the war is fought
and won. It becomes the first tool of mass ___communication______.
19. Lincoln put all telegraphs in the North under ____military____ command.
20. Lincoln sent almost _____1000___ telegrams during the war.
21. As battle field causalities mount on both sides, the carnage triggers a revolution
in battle field __medicine___. Three quarters of all surgeries were
22. If a bullet doesn’t kill you, _____infection___ can with _____gangrene____ as the
23. Twice as many soldiers die from __infected wounds_ and __disease____ as on the
24. Large numbers of women sign up as battlefield _______nurses____, including
Clara _____Barton__, who will later become the founder of the
25. The spread of portable ___cameras___ means for the first time ___gory_____
images of the battlefield can now reach every home.
26. A new technique, __embalming____, allowed dead bodies of soldiers to remain fairly well preserved for viewing back home.
27. President Lincoln issued the ____Emancipation Proclamation__ on January 1, 1863, which abolished slavery in the rebellious Southern states.
28. By the end of the war, almost ____200,000____ blacks signed up to fight for the North.
29. The Union Army became a force fighting to end ______slavery____.
30. General William Sherman uses a tactic known as ___Total War___ to defeat the South.