North America Unit Test



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North America Unit Test

Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description. Note: Some letters may not be used at all. Some may be used more than once.

A. permafrost

B. Rocky Mountains

C. Bernicia

D. Everglades

E. Appalachian Mountains

AB. prevailing westerlies

AC. St. Lawrence Seaway

AD. Mackenzie River

AE. Great Plains

BC. Mississippi River

____ 1. In which of these does the combination of climate and weather conditions often result in violent tornadoes?
____ 2. Which landform encompasses over 4,000 square miles of tall grasses, trees, and swampland?
____ 3. Which of these are hundreds of millions of years old and have been worn down by weather and other natural elements?
____ 4. Which of these connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean by a series of locks that raise or lower water levels?
____ 5. Which of these helps explain why human population is sparse in the subarctic regions of Alaska and Canada?
____ 6. Which of these includes the location of the Continental Divide?
____ 7. Which of these flows across the Northwest Territories to the Arctic Ocean?
____ 8. Which of these describes the land bridge over which early nomads traveled from Asia to North America?
____ 9. Which of these contributes to the marine west coast climate from southern Alaska to northern California?
____ 10. The Ohio and Missouri rivers are tributaries of which of these?
Choice the best answer
____11. Between what two landforms did the Louisiana Purchase territory stretch?

A. Mississippi River and the Appalachian Mountains



B. Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains

C. Rocky Mountains and the Cascade Mountains



D. Appalachian Mountains and the Coastal Plains
Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next three questions.


____ 12. Which of these pairs of cities share the same type of climate?

A. Barrow and Churchill

B. Toronto and Denver

C. New York and Chicago

D. Houston and Phoenix
____ 13. Which of these cities do you think has the coldest climate?

A. Anchorage

B. Chicago

C. Denver

D. Toronto
____ 14. What is the largest climate zone on the map?

A. tundra

B. humid subtropical

C. semiarid

D. desert

____15. Who were the first Europeans to arrive in North America?

A. French

B. Great Britain



C. German

D. Spanish
Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next three questions.

____ 16. Which of these cities had a population of approximately 2.5 million in April, 1990?

A. Boise, ID

B. Johnstown, PA

C. San Diego, CA

D. Cleveland-Akron, OH


____ 17. Which city saw the largest percentage increase in its population from 1990 to 2000?

A. Grand Junction, CO

B. Boise, ID

C. Naples, FL

D. Albuquerque, NM
____ 18. Which statement describes the relationship between Madison, WI, and Anchorage, AK?

A. While the population of Madison is larger than that of Anchorage, these cities saw a similar increase in the percentage of their populations from 1990 to 2000.

B. The populations of Madison and Anchorage are roughly equal, but Madison saw a much larger increase from 1990 to 2000.

C. The population of Anchorage is much larger than that of Madison.

D. Anchorage saw a larger increase than Madison in the percentage of its population from 1990 to 2000.
Choose the letter of the best answer.
____ 19. The United States is a federal republic, which divides power among national, state, and local governments, but it is also a representative democracy, which means that

A. each person has one vote.

B. the national government is more powerful than the state and local governments.

C. the people rule through elected representatives.

D. elected officials are not answerable to their constituents.

____ 20. The economy of the United States is run on a free enterprise system, in which

A. goods and services are sold or traded at the highest profit margin possible.

B. the government retains strict controls over businesses, resources, and technology that are sold or traded for profit.

C. businesses, resources, and technology are worker-owned and operated.

D. the government exerts little control over businesses, resources, and technology operated for profit by private individuals.


____ 21. Along with human migration, Europeans were also involved in the Columbian Exchange between the Eastern and Western hemispheres, which included the exchange of

A. cultural trading, such as art, music, and dance.

B. plants, animals, and diseases.

C. arms and ammunition.

D. political and philosophical ideas.
____ 22. Many American corporations are involved in business worldwide and are called

A. multinationals.

B. service industries.

C. free enterprise.

D. postindustrialists.
____ 23. A majority of Americans work in fields such as information processing, finance, medicine, and

education, which are parts of the

A. postindustrial economy.

B. service industry.

C. exports industry.

D. free enterprise system.


____ 24. A region that includes several large cities, their suburbs, and nearby towns is called a

A. suburban area.

B. megalopolis.

C. development sector.

D. metropolitan area.
____ 25. The United States is currently in what is called a postindustrial economy because

A. manufacturing is no longer the country's most important industry.

B. World War II caused a significant change in how the country's industry operated.

C. the country leads the world in trading.

D. the country's industrial output is the greatest in the world.
____ 26. New England consists of Vermont, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and

A. Pennsylvania.

B. Delaware.

C. Rhode Island.

D. Maryland.

Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next four questions.



____ 27. Most of the tribes that experienced removals to Indian Territory originated in which region of the country?

A. the West

B. the South

C. the Midwest

D. b and c


____ 28. Which tribe was removed as prisoners from Florida Territory?

A. Shawnee

B. Seminoles

C. Sauk and Fox

D. Chickasaws
____ 29. What two tribes were removed from Mississippi?

A. Sauk and Fox

B. Shawnee and Cherokee

C. Creeks and Chickasaws

D. Chickasaws and Choctaws
____ 30. In which general direction were the Native Americans relocated?

A. north


B. west

C. south


D. east

Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next three questions.




____ 31. Why is the officer telling the Native American to move on?

A. The Native American intends to disrupt the men at the left.

B. The Native American is not allowed to vote.

C. The Native American is trespassing on the officer's property.

D. The Native American is at the wrong polling place.
____ 32. Which of these phrases best describes the Native American?

A. proud and unyielding

B. disappointed and bitter

C. furious and dangerous

D. sly and cunning
____ 33. How do the men at the left view the Native American?

A. They are laughing at him.

B. They are plotting to get rid of him.

C. They do not seem to be paying any attention to him.

D. They see him as combative and in the way.
____ 34. Which of the following phrases best describes the cartoonist's attitude towards the treatment of Native Americans?

A. angry but hopeful

B. troubled but amused

C. outraged and ashamed

D. annoyed and despairing

Read each statement. If it is true, write "true" on the line. If it is false, write "false."


__________ 35. When the Dominion of Canada was created in 1867, it established a confederation of the Canadian provinces, but the Dominion was governed by Britain.
__________ 36. The First Nations refers to the Native American peoples of Canada.
__________ 37. The western and northern lands of Canada include the province of British Columbia, the Yukon Territories, Nunavut, and the Northwest Territories.
__________ 38. The Atlantic Provinces are located in eastern Canada and consist of three provinces: Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
__________ 39. Canada's parliamentary government combines the legislative and executive branches in a system called a parliament.
__________ 40. Even though Canada includes people of French, English, and métis descent, English is the only official language of the country.
__________ 41. While Quebec and Ontario make up the Core Provinces of Canada, Quebec is a significantly more dynamic province than Ontario.
__________ 42. There are about 2,300 reserves in Canada set aside by the government for the country's native peoples.
__________ 43. Canada's prime minister is the majority party's leader in Parliament, but the governing ruler of the country is Britain's monarch.
__________ 44. The Prairie Provinces of Canada, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta are Canada's center of agriculture.
Choose the letter of the best answer.
____ 45. Which factor might NOT connect individual states within a sub-regional group on the United States?

A. proximity

B. climate

C. similarity in industry

D. Capital
____46. Which one is NOT part of the United States’ federal government?

A. Executive

B. Legislative

C. Prime Minister

D. Judicial


____47. Which of the following is NOT a reason for The United States attract so many immigrates?

A. Family connection

B. Land for settlement

C. Good resources

D. Job opportunities


Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next four questions.


____ 48. Which of these cities or towns is in an area at risk of desertification?

A. Vancouver

B. Montreal

C. Mississauga

D. Edmonton
____ 49. Which of these areas of Canada has the highest levels of acidity in its rainfall?

A. the southeast

B. the north

C. the northwest

D. the southwest
____ 50. In which of these areas are you most likely to find permafrost?

A. along the Atlantic Ocean

B. the region surrounding the Great Lakes

C. along the St. Lawrence River

D. the region north of the Arctic Circle
____ 51. Which of these rivers would be the most acidic?

A. Fraser

B. Mackenzie

C. Severn

D. St. Lawrence

Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next four questions.



____ 52. About how long does the average Canadian citizen live?

A. 62 years

B. 77 years

C. 78 years

D. 76 years


____ 53. By which of these indicators does Canada differ most significantly from the United States?

A. population per square kilometer of land

B. illiteracy rate

C. population growth rate

D. number of teachers per pupil
____ 54. By which indicator is Canada most similar to low-income countries?

A. per capita gross national product

B. number of people per physician

C. energy consumed per capita

D. population growth rate
____ 55. How does Canada's population growth rate in its urban areas compare to its overall population growth rate?

A. the urban population growth rate is much higher

B. the growth rates are equal (same)

C. the overall growth rate is much higher

D. the urban population growth rate is somewhat higher

Select the letter of the term, name, or phrase that best matches each description. Note: Some letters may not be used at all. Some may be used more than once.

A. urban sprawl

B. smart growth

C. terrorism

D. assimilation

E. coalition

AB. infrastructure

AC. global network

AD. sustainable community

AE. multiculturalism

BC. biological weapon

____ 56. Which is an alliance of nations that is fighting terrorism?
____ 57. Which of these is a worldwide interconnected group?
____ 58. Which of these describes inexpertly planned communities and developments in an area of increasing population?
____ 59. Which of these describes an effort to manage growth by creating communities where residents both live and work in the same area?
____ 60. Which of these describe the surprise use of violence by an individual or group to intimidate a

government or civilian population to achieve social or political ends?


____ 61. Which of these is the process of immigrants from a minority culture taking on the language and customs of the dominant culture?
____ 62. Which of these can become overused and strained in a community that experience heavy commuter traffic?
____ 63. Which of these describes an effort to promote and embrace cultural diversity?
____ 64. Which of these describes how communities can plan the use of their land and other resources?
____ 65. Which of these describes something that causes the spread of bacteria and viruses?
Choose the letter of the best answer.
____66. What made the shift from the cities to the suburbs?

A. Automobiles

B. Tractors

C. Skyscrapers

D. Bicycles


____67. Which of the following is not a contributing factor to the success of the American economy?

A. abundance of natural resources

B. government laws

C. skilled work force



D. stable political system
Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for the next five questions .

____ 68. In what year did the first terrorist attack against Americans occur?

A. 1980

B. 1975


C. 1979

D. 1993
____ 69. Which of the following attacks occurred on the African continent?

A. eight

B. nine


C. two

D. one
____ 70. In which region have most of the attacks taken place?

A. Europe

B. the United States and Canada

C. Southwest Asia

D. Africa


____ 71. How many of the ten attacks were aimed at military personnel and not civilians?

A. six


B. five

C. eight


D. four
____ 72. Based on the map, which of the following statements is true?

A. Terrorist attacks occurred in both 1994 and 1997.

B. The 1983 terrorist attack occurred against the American embassy in Lebanon.

C. The 2000 terrorist attack against the USS Cole took place in Saudi Arabia.

D. Three terrorist attacks have taken place in the United States.

Choose the letter of the best answer.


____ 73. When was the 1st transcontinental railroad completed?

A. 1868


B. 1869

C. 1870


D. 1871
____ 74. When was the United States Constitution drawn up?

A. 1776


B. 1782

C. 1787


D. 1795
____ 75. When did Canada gain independence from Britain?

A. 1929


B. 1930

C. 1931


D. 1932
____ 76. What are the 2 official languages of Canada?

A. English and French

B. English and Spanish

C. English and German

D. French and Spanish


____ 77. Where was the 1st permanent English settlement?

A. St. Augustine, Florida

B. Plymouth, Massachusetts

C. Ottawa, Canada

D. Jamestown, Virginia


____78. Which one is NOT a problem Los Angeles faces with rapid expansion?

A. air pollution

B. inadequate water supply

C. Volcanoes

D. Construction on earthquake prone land


____79. Which of the following is the Midwest known for?

A. Technology industry



B. auto manufacturing

C. Stock market

D. Fashion
____80. Which of the following is NOT part of the West?

A. Alaska

B. Hawaii

C. Texas



D. Louisiana

Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. (10 points each)


81. In what general area are most of Canada's population, urban centers, and industry located? What factors contributed to the development of this area?

Think about:

- the harshness of the majority of Canada's climate

- where initial agricultural activities take place and why

- major transportation routes within Canada

82. Which types of natural resources found in Canada and the United States contributed to the formation of cities? Give examples to support your answer.


Think about:

- how natural resources shape an area



- how people tend to settle near sources of water

- how humans use land and water resources


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