North america: Settlement, Trade, and Independence in Canada Chapt 5, Sect 4

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NORTH AMERICA: Settlement, Trade, and Independence in Canada Chapt 5, Sect 4

  1. Why were France and Britain rivals in Canada?

Both France and Great Britain wanted to control the land – the British to cut the trees and use the land for farming, the French to use the woodland areas for trapping small animals for their fur.

  1. How did Canada become an independent nation?

Britain won the Seven Year War (French and Indian War) in 1754, and controlled the area. Not wanting another revolution, the British Parliament made Canada a dominion which allowed Canada to govern itself which still being a part of Great Britain. In 1982, after years of service to the British Empire, Canada was given complete independence.

  1. How did Canada become a world power?

Canadians built factories during the war to produce goods not available from Europe. After the war, Europeans bought these Canadian-factory goods. Immigrants to Canada added to industry’s labor pool. Canada became the world’s fourth largest economy.
dominion self-governing area
bilingual having or using two languages
Ontario province once known as Upper Canada; a British colony
Quebec province once known as Lower Canada; a French colony
Louis Papineau French Canadian organizer of 1837 revolt in Lower Canada
William Mackenzie leader of revolt against British rule in Upper Canada

1713 Treaty gives Great Britain the Hudson Bay and Acadia.

1754 French and Indian War won by British; colonies remain with Great Britain

1867 British Parliament votes to make Canada a dominion (self-governing area)

WWI & WWII As British subject, Canada fights with Great Britain

1982 Given complete independence from Great Britain

NORTH AMERICA: Settlement, Trade, and Independence in Canada Chapt 5, Sect 4

  • Profitable fur trade in Canada brought British and French colonies into conflict.

  • Contest was so fierce for control of the land (British wanted to cut trees and make this farmland; French wanted to trees, for they were trappers and wanted the furs), the Seven Year War (French and Indian War) erupted.

  • British won the war, but the Quebec Act allowed French Canadians the rights to speak their own language and keep their culture.

  • British Loyalists who did not want independence from Great Britain left the American colonies and moved to Ontario, the British colony.

  • Both colonies in Canada hated British rule, but they did not join the U.S. rebellion.

  • Both colonies rebelled against Great Britain, but were easily put down. Fearing another revolution, however, in 1867 Great Britain gave Canada more control over their own government (dominion).

  • As British subjects, Canada went to war on the side of Great Britain in both WWI and WWII.

  • British Canadians built many factories in Quebec, alarming French Canadians. In 1976 there was a vote for Quebec to become independent.

  • New laws making Canada bilingual (two official languages, English and French) and laws protecting French culture encouraged French Canadians to stay with Canada.


SUMMARY: As the U.S. expanded and its economy grew, it began to lay a more important role in world affairs

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