Normativism and Mental Causation by Justin Thomas Tiehen, B. A. Dissertation


Chapter 7 The IBE Argument against Reductionism



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Chapter 7 The IBE Argument against Reductionism...…………………… 180

7.1 Three Types of Causal Generalizations……...…..….……..………… 180

7.1.1 EXPLAINING (1)………………….……………………..….… 180

7.1.2 EXPLAINING (2).……….………………………………....… 182

7.1.3 EXPLAINING (3)……………..……….…….……...………… 183

7.2 The Trouble with Coincidences……….………………………….….... 186

7.2.1 THE IBE ARGUMENT……………………………………..... 186

7.2.2 FODOR’S ARGUMENT FROM SPECIAL SCIENCE LAWS

….………………………………………………………………...… 190

7.2.3 EXTENDING THE ARGUMENT…………………...….….... 191

7.3 Qualifications and Complications…………...…..….……..………… 192

7.3.1 ALTERNATIVE REDUCTIVE EXPLANATIONS…....….… 193

7.3.2 KIM’S PUZZLE..……….………………………………....… 194

7.3.3 HAVE ANY COINCIDENCES BEEN ELIMINATED?.…… 196

7.4 Generalizing the Exclusion Problem………..………………….….... 199

7.4.1 A REDUCTIO?...........……………………………………...... 199

7.4.2 INCREASING THE POOL OF EVIDENCE..…………....… 200

7.4.3 THE EVIDENCE FOR MULTIPLE REALIZATION….….... 201

7.4.4 CONCLUSION..………………………………….……......… 203




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