News Clips All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide/ Coupures de presse Groupe parlementaire multipartite pour la prévention du génocide Good day / Bonjour



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News Clips - All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide/

Coupures de presse - Groupe parlementaire multipartite pour la prévention du génocide

Good day / Bonjour,

 

Le francais suit

 

For your information, attached are articles from the past week on the subject of genocide and crimes against humanity. Please note that the documents are provided in their original language of publication.


 

À titre de renseignement, veuillez trouver ci-joint des articles parus la semaine dernière touchant le génocide et les crimes contre l’humanité. Veuillez noter que les articles transmis sont dans la langue officielle dans laquelle ils ont été rédigés.


Thank you / Merci

EVENTS – ÉVÉNEMENTS



  • The Transformation of Civil Wars, 1800-2010

  • 10 ans après le rapport Brahimi : Défis et opportunités des opérations de paix

  • War Through a Woman's Eyes, 1939-1940

  • Nuclear Threats: A Practical Agenda for Global Policymakers

  • The Evolution of Peacekeeping: renewing Canada’s leadership for the 21st century -- L’évolution du maintien de la paix : renouveler le leadership du Canada pour le 21e siècle 



REPORTS – RAPPORTS

  • All Quiet on the Northern Front?

  • Congo: A Stalled Democratic Agenda

  • The Darfur Peace Process: Recipe for a Bad Deal?



NEWSCLIPS – COUPURES DE PRESSE
Sudan / Soudan


  • South Sudan’s main political party says it will boycott national elections in country's north

  • Béchir entre deux mandats

  • Sudan Election

  • Le retrait d'un candidat menace la crédibilité de l'élection présidentielle

  • Save Darfur? The A-list idealists may be doing the very opposite


Democratic Republic of Congo / République démocratique du Congo


  • South Kivu: Campaign to fight social stigma of sexual violence

  • RDC : Le chef de la force de la MONUC dans l'ouest du pays après des violences

  • MONUC: Ban Ki-moon recommends a responsible exit strategy

  • Congo-Kinshasa: Evénements de Mbandaka - La Monuc invite tout le monde au dialogue



Other Related News / Autres Nouvelles


  • A military in search of a mission

  • Somalie : au moins 20 civils tués à Mogadiscio

  • Armenians won't forget 20th-century atrocity

  • Rwanda boat sinking mars genocide commemoration

  • La Cour pénale internationale ouvre une enquête sur des crimes contre l'humanité commis au Kenya

  • Turkey sends ambassador back to Washington after tensions over Armenian genocide resolution

  • AFRIQUE DE L'EST: Les militaires comme « agents de changement »

  • Holocaust Remembrance Day service to be held at Veterans Memorial Park

  • Ethiopia denies dam will leave 200,000 hungry

EVENTS – ÉVÉNEMENTS



The Transformation of Civil Wars, 1800-2010

DATE: 2010.04.08 at 10:30 a.m.

LOCATION/LIEU: University of Ottawa, Desmarais Building, 55 Laurier Ave. E., Room 3120
INFORMATION: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/cepi-cips/eng/events.asp#apr8
A talk by Stathis Kalyvas, Yale University. Stathis N. Kalyvas is Arnold Wolfers Professor of Political Science and Director of the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence. He is the author of The Logic of Violence in Civil War (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe (Cornell University Press, 1996), and the co-editor of Order, Conflict & Violence (Cambridge University Press, 2008). He has received several awards, including the Woodrow Wilson Award for best book on government, politics, or international affairs (2007), the Luebbert Award for best book in comparative politics (2008), the European Academy of Sociology Book Award (2008), the J. David Greenstone Award for best book in politics and history (1997), and the Gregory Luebbert Award for best article in comparative politics (2001 and 2009).

10 ans après le rapport Brahimi : Défis et opportunités des opérations de paix

DATE: 2010.04.09-10

LOCATION/LIEU: Université de Montréal, Pavillon Roger-Gaudry (pavillon principal), Salle M-425
INFORMATION: http://www.cerium.ca/L-ONU-et-la-paix-ou-en-est-on?lang=fr
En août 2000, Lakhdar Brahimi, Secrétaire général adjoint et conseiller spécial auprès du Secrétaire général de l’ONU, déposait son rapport sur l’état des opérations de paix de l’ONU. Ce rapport faisait une critique sévère des limites de l’organisation et proposait de multiples recommandations afin que celle-ci demeure capable de répondre de manière efficiente aux exigences des déploiements sur des terrains difficiles et pour des missions de plus en plus complexes. Où en sont les opérations de paix, aujourd’hui, dix ans après le rapport Brahimi ? Réunissant experts et praticiens chevronnés, le colloque se donne pour objectif d’évaluer les capacités onusiennes en termes de maintien et de consolidation de la paix.

War Through a Woman's Eyes, 1939-1940

DATE: 2010.04.09

LOCATION/LIEU: Embassy of the Republic of Poland 443 Daly Ave Ottawa K1N 6H3

INFORMATION: 613-789-0468, ext. 34

The Embassy of the Republic of Poland and the Canadian Foundation for Polish Studies invite you to a dramatic reading of Rulka Langer's "The Mermaid and the Messerschmitt: War Through a Woman's Eyes, 1939-1940," a gripping first-person account of the bombing and occupation of Warsaw by Nazi Germany. American publisher Terry Tegnazian, co-founder of Aquila Polonica Publishing, will read from and discuss this harrowing tale of the early days of World War II. The event will also feature the first public screening in Ottawa of "Siege," a 1940 Academy Award-nominated newsreel shot by American photojournalist Julien Bryan in the days after the invasion of Warsaw. A reception will follow the program.

Nuclear Threats: A Practical Agenda for Global Policymakers

DATE: 2010.04.26 at 6:00 p.m.

LOCATION/LIEU: University of Ottawa, Desmarais Building, 55 Laurier Ave. E., Room 1160 (first floor)
INFORMATION: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/cepi-cips/eng/events.asp#apr8 Pre-registration is required. RSVP at https://web5.uottawa.ca/events/gareth-evans-lecture/registration.html
A talk by the Honorable Gareth Evans, Co-chair, International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament. Gareth Evans is Chancellor of the Australian National University and Co-Chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament. From 2000 to 2009, he was President of the International Crisis Group. Previously, he spent 21 years in Australian politics, thirteen of them as a Cabinet Minister in the positions of Attorney-General (1983-84), Minister for Resources and Energy (1984-87), Minister for Transport and Communications (1987-88) and Foreign Minister (1988-96), where he was associated, among other things, with the negotiation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the establishment of the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. He has written or edited nine books (most recently The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and for All, Brookings Institution Press, 2008) and published over 100 journal articles and book chapters on foreign relations, human rights and legal and constitutional reform.

The Evolution of Peacekeeping: renewing Canada’s leadership for the 21st century

--

L’évolution du maintien de la paix : renouveler le leadership du Canada pour le 21e siècle 

DATE: 2010.04.27; 8:30-10:00 / 8 h 30 à 10 h

LOCATION/LIEU: room 208, West Block / la salle 208 de l’édifice de l’Ouest INFORMATION: RSVP to Mallory – prev-gen@parl.gc.ca

The All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity will be hosting a panel discussion, entitled “The Evolution of Peacekeeping: renewing Canada’s leadership for the 21st century.”

Panelists include:


  • Carolyn McAskie, the United Nation’s Assistant Secretary General for Peacebuilding and former Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the UN Peacekeeping Operation in Burundi;

  • Michael C. Pryce, Founder and President of COA Consultants and COA Non-Profit and Former Director of the Mass Atrocity Response Operations Project; and

  • Sophie Toupin, Gender Advisor for the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre.

Both parliamentarians and their offices are invited to attend the discussion. Light refreshments will be served.

--

Le Groupe parlementaire multipartite pour la prévention du génocide et des autres crimes contre l’humanité tiendra une discussion avec un groupe d’experts, intitulée « L’évolution du maintien de la paix : renouveler le leadership du Canada pour le 21e siècle ».



Y participeront :

  • Mme Carolyn McAskie, vice-secrétaire générale pour la consolidation de la paix des Nations Unies et ancienne représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général et chef de l’opération de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies au Burundi;

  • M. Michael C. Pryce, fondateur et président de COA Consultants et de COA Non-Profit, et ancien directeur du projet d’opérations d’intervention lors d’atrocités généralisées (Mass Atrocity Response Operations Project);

  • Mme Sophie Toupin, conseillère en genre au Centre Pearson pour le maintien de la paix.

Les parlementaires et leur personnel sont invités à assister à la discussion. Un léger goûter sera servi.

REPORTS – RAPPORTS
All Quiet on the Northern Front?

PUBLICATION: Human Rights Project

DATE: 2010.04.07

INFORMATION:http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/04/07/all-quiet-northern-front-0


This 54-page report documents how government forces may have indiscriminately bombed and shelled civilian areas, causing civilian casualties, and how Huthi forces may have committed summary executions and unlawfully deployed in populated areas. Huthi forces also allegedly carried out pillage and looting, used "human shields," and prevented civilians from fleeing war zones, even to seek medical treatment. Both sides used children in combat, in violation of international law.
Congo: A Stalled Democratic Agenda

PUBLICATION: International Crisis Group

DATE: 2010.04.08

INFORMATION: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=6614&l=1

The consolidation of democracy in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is stalled on almost all fronts, and the Congolese regime remains fragile. When Joseph Kabila became the first democratically elected president in 2006, the international community celebrated the election as a milestone in the peace process, but today checks and balances barely exist, as the president’s office has curtailed the powers of the government, parliament and judiciary. Civil liberties are regularly threatened, and key institutional reforms – decentralisation and the security sector – have made no significant progress. Unless the Congolese political authorities give new impetus to democratic transformation and institutional consolidation in 2010, the gains made during the transition could be at risk and the international investment in the giant country’s stabilisation wasted. The Congo’s international partners must place democratisation and institutional reform at the centre of their dialogue with Kabila’s government and link the provision of development aid to their progress.

The Darfur Peace Process: Recipe for a Bad Deal?

PUBLICATION: Enough

DATE: 2010.04.06

INFORMATION: http://www.enoughproject.org/publications/update-doha


Against the backdrop of continued violence in the Jebel Marra area of Darfur, negotiations to bring peace to this western region of Sudan are currently underway in the Qatari city of Doha. Since Enough’s last update on the peace talks, there have been numerous developments: Having signed a preliminary deal in mid-February that paved the way for direct talks, the Justice and Equality Movement, the most militarily significant rebel force in Darfur, has tried to hammer out a deal with the Government of Sudan over power and wealth sharing, JEM positions inside Darfur, and the future of JEM as a political party. A new coalition of 11 rebel groups calling itself the Liberation and Justice Movement headed by civil society leader Tijani Seise has signed a ceasefire agreement with the government and is discussing the merits of incorporating other rebel groups into its ranks as preparations for direct negotiations with the government begin. The Roadmap group, comprised of three rebel factions, has signaled the possibility that it might join forces with JEM at the negotiating table, though this partnership is far from certain.
NEWSCLIPS – COUPURES DE PRESSE
Sudan / Soudan


South Sudan’s main political party says it will boycott national elections in country's north

PUBLICATION: Canadian Press

DATE: 2010.04.03

 KHARTOUM, Sudan _ Southern Sudan’s main political party said Tuesday it would boycott this week's local and parliamentary polls in the country's northern provinces, a move that further erodes the credibility of Sudan’s first multiparty elections in decades. The Sudanese People's Liberation Movement said it was withdrawing its candidates from the northern states for the April 11 vote _ which includes local as well as parliamentary and presidential polls _ because of alleged government control of the media and biased legislation that make an honest vote impossible. ''We are certain that fraud in these elections is widespread, with which it will be impossible to hold free and fair elections,'' SPLM secretary general Pagan Amum told reporters. ''There are continuous violations to the law and the customs of the elections.'' Amum said the party will still contest local and national parliamentary elections in Sudan’s southern provinces and two regions along the oil-rich north-south boundary line. The announcement comes days after the SPLM withdrew its candidate from the national presidential race and said it would not field candidates in the volatile Darfur region. Tuesday's announcement was greeted with loud cheers from SPLM supporters at the party's headquarters in Khartoum. The crowd shouted ''No to partnership with the Islamists,'' in reference to the Islamist government in the north.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all201044052917937_61.htm



Béchir entre deux mandats

PUBLICATION: L'Express

DATE: 2010.04.08

Inculpé par la justice internationale, le maître de Khartoum compte sur les urnes pour perpétuer son emprise sur un Etat à l'unité menacée. Bien avant la tenue des scrutins - présidentiel, législatif et régional - programmés du 11 au 13 avril, le raïs soudanais Omar el-Béchir avait décroché un nouveau mandat. Celui que la Cour pénale internationale délivra à son encontre, en mars 2009, pour les crimes perpétrés dans les provinces rebelles du Darfour. Cet officier parvenu au pouvoir en 1989 au prix d'un putsch de velours avalisé par la mouvance islamiste peut en outre revendiquer le titre de premier chef d'Etat en exercice épinglé par le tribunal de La Haye. Pas sûr qu'un tel sceau d'infamie "occidental" nuise à son aura. Dans le Nord musulman, il dope au contraire sa popularité. Mieux, ou pis, le paria peut compter sur le soutien de l'Union africaine, encline à défier ainsi la "justice des Blancs". Renfort paradoxal octroyé à un potentat dont les milices arabes ont dévasté dans l'enfer darfouri tant de villages négro-africains...



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/parl/articles/restricted/2010/04/par20104517431252_889.htm


Sudan Election

PUBLICATION: Globe and Mail

DATE: 2010.04.07

 As the first woman ever to run for president in Sudan, Fatima Abdel Mahmoud is making history. So is the election itself, the first to allow opposition candidates onto the ballot since the 1980s. But there is a curious lack of excitement in Khartoum. Voters are apathetic, campaign activity is minimal, and the sense of fatalism is overwhelming. Despite a war-crimes indictment and a continuing war in Darfur, President Omar al-Bashir is cruising to an easy victory, his hands in full control of the electoral levers. The opposition has been squeezed off the political stage. This week, when Ms. Abdel Mahmoud called a rally on the outskirts of Khartoum, her workers set up 150 plastic chairs on a patch of land - and only 20 people showed up. After three hours of waiting for voters, the organizers cancelled the rally and went home. The United States, Europe and Canada have poured millions of dollars into this election, trying to make it as credible as possible. The three-day voting process begins on Sunday. But its legitimacy is rapidly dwindling, casting doubts on whether Sudan can navigate peacefully through the tense months leading to a January referendum on secession by South Sudan. Several major parties have given up, announcing a boycott of the election, calling it unfair and rigged. Even those who are still participating are cynical and pessimistic about it. "Most people are indifferent about the election because they think the governing party will win," said Babikir Fisal, an official of the Democratic Unionist Party, one of the leading opposition parties, which is trying to decide whether to boycott or not.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all20104116513757_68.htm



Le retrait d'un candidat menace la crédibilité de l'élection présidentielle

PUBLICATION: Le Monde

DATE: 2010.04.01
Moins de deux semaines avant la tenue des élections générales prévues pour le 11 avril, l'ex-rébellion sudiste, le Mouvement de libération des peuples du Soudan (SPLM) a annoncé mercredi soir 31 mars le retrait de son candidat à l'élection présidentielle, Yasser Arman. Ces élections doivent permettre à 16 millions d'électeurs soudanais d'élire leurs représentants au niveau national, régional et local. Le candidat du parti au pouvoir, le général-président Omar Al-Bachir, poursuivi par la Cour pénale internationale, n'aurait donc aucune peine à se faire réélire mais la validité du scrutin se trouve remise en cause. Le SPLM, qui a justifié sa décision par des problèmes d'organisation préfigurant des fraudes et l'impossibilité de tenir un scrutin dans la région " en guerre " du Darfour, propose de participer aux élections dans le reste du pays pour préserver le référendum d'autodétermination du Sud qui doit avoir lieu en janvier 2011.

http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/parl/articles/restricted/2010/04/par201045127763416_892.htm


Save Darfur? The A-list idealists may be doing the very opposite

PUBLICATION: The Daily Telegraph

DATE: 2010.04.07

The sheikhs had little of their dignity left. Sent scurrying from their villages by the Sudanese government's campaign of aerial bombardment, they sat, stripped of their power, in cramped aid camps, left with only the traditional symbols of their withered authority - walking canes and flowing white robes stained with dust.  Now, they faced a new problem. The water pump in their corner of the Abu Shouk camp in northern Darfur was broken, and there was no one to fix it. It should have been the responsibility of international aid workers, but they had been expelled just hours before. In the desiccating heat, one man was using a spanner to hammer desperately at a pipe. "We don't know how to fix it," he said, "but we are thirsty."  That was a year ago. President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan had just been charged with war crimes by the International Criminal Court, and his angry response had been to expel 13 charities, choking off one of the few lifelines for war-torn Darfur.  Even for this brutal regime, it seemed a step too far. The opposition in Sudan was emboldened by the arrest warrant, and voices across the world condemned the president's callous disregard for the Darfuris. Yet for Africa's most wanted man, the past year has been a surprisingly good one. He has shrugged off the threat of arrest, travelling the world with relative impunity. One set of troublesome rebels in Darfur is close to rejoining his Islamist regime, and government troops are on the offensive again. He is also the only likely winner of this week's presidential elections, which are widely believed to have been rigged in advance. The one challenger who might have pushed him to a second round withdrew last week, unwilling to take part in such a one-sided contest.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/parl/articles/restricted/2010/04/par20104471267708_924.htm

Democratic Republic of Congo / République démocratique du Congo
South Kivu: Campaign to fight social stigma of sexual violence

PUBLICATION: MONUC.org

DATE: 2010.04.08
Bukavu, 8 April 2010 - A few days prior to the coming visit to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) by the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Sexual Violence in Conflict Zones, Margot Wallstrom, the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO) and the MONUC Bukavu Public Information office launched, on 6 April, a campaign against stigmatisation of victims of sexual violence. South Kivu is one of the worst affected Congolese provinces by cases of rape and violence against women. A significant number of victims do not report the abuse for fear of stigma and rejection. In some cases, the victim is obliged to make an arrangement with the rapist, rather than take him to court. Against that backdrop, UNJHRO and MONUC, on 6 April, organised a roundtable interactive discussion on the issue, with about a hundred participants from religious groups, education and media circles, and women’s organisations. The first such gathering was held on the occasion of the Bukavu Festival 2009 and discussions focused on the role of grassroots institutions in the fight against social stigmatisation of victims of sexual violence. Organised under the slogan “Don’t be ashamed; it’s your right; it’s about your health; it’s about your life”, the current roundtable aims to identify strategies that opinion leaders can use to reduce stigma towards victims of sexual violence.

http://monuc.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=932&ctl=Details&mid=1096&ItemID=8509
RDC : Le chef de la force de la MONUC dans l'ouest du pays après des violences

PUBLICATION: Centre d’Actualités de l’ONU

DATE: 2010.04.07
Suite aux affrontements qui ont opposés dimanche des Casques bleus et des insurgés Enyele dans l'ouest de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), le commandant de la force de la Mission de l'ONU (MONUC), le général Babacar Gaye s'est rendu mardi sur les lieux des violences à Mbandaka, la capitale de la province de l'Equateur. « Avec les Forces armées nationales (FARDC), nous allons tirer toutes les leçons de ces incidents qui ont été pris très au sérieux par le gouvernement », a dit le général Gaye, qui était accompagné du chef d'état-major général des FARDC, le général Didier Etumba. Le chef de la MONUC a également rendu hommage « aux collègues qui ont perdu leur vie lors de ces graves incidents ». Un Casque bleu ghanéen et deux travailleurs de la MONUC ont été tués dans l'attaque par une vingtaine d'insurgés. Arrivés par bateau, les rebelles ont d'abord attaqué la résidence du gouverneur de la province, puis le bâtiment de l'Assemblée nationale, avant de se diriger vers l'aéroport de la ville. La MONUC s'est efforcée d'envoyer des renforts à l'aéroport mais deux personnes sous contrat avec l'ONU ont été abattues par les assaillants, un employé de l'aéroport et un pilote.
http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=21636&Cr=Congo&Cr1=
MONUC: Ban Ki-moon recommends a responsible exit strategy

PUBLICATION: MONUC.org

DATE: 2010.04.07

In his 31st report (S/2010/164) to the United Nations Security Council, the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, recommends that the Council extends the deployment of MONUC’s mandate in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for one year, starting from 1st June 2010. The Secretary-General also notes the notable progress made by the DRC despite difficult challenges, as well as the advances made by MONUC in discharging its mandate. This report will be discussed before the Security Council on 13 April. "The MONUC mandate has evolved and expanded significantly since the Mission was first deployed in 1999 (…)The Mission completed several of its main mandated tasks, ” the Secretary-General notes in his 31st report to the Security Council, dated 30 March 2010. Having noted the notable progress made by the DRC and MONUC, Ban Ki-moon considers that it should be possible to develop an exit strategy for MONUC and implement such a strategy in a way that would both advance the aspirations and view of the Government and avoid any risk of renewed instability. A UN technical assessment mission that visited the DRC from 22 February to 3 March, agreed, along with the Government, that a reconfiguration of the MONUC mandate should take into account new realities on the ground and aim at strengthening the capacity of national security and rule of law institutions.



http://monuc.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=932&ctl=Details&mid=1096&ItemID=8504

Congo-Kinshasa: Evénements de Mbandaka - La Monuc invite tout le monde au dialogue


PUBLICATION: AllAfrica.com

DATE: 2010.04.08

Kinshasa — La Monuc invite tout le monde à utiliser le dialogue, les échanges et d'autres moyens pacifiques pour faire entendre sa voix. Tel est l'exhortation formulée par le représentant spécial du secrétaire général de l'Onu en RDC, Alan Doss, à propos des événements survenus, le dimanche 4 avril à Mbandaka, chef-lieu de la province de l'Equateur. Au cours d'un point de presse animé, hier mercredi à Kinshasa, le porte-parole de la Monuc, Madnodje Mounoubai, a indiqué : « Le chef de la Monuc, Alan Doss s'est déclaré très préoccupé par la situation à Mbandaka où un groupe de rebelles a lancé le 4 avril 2010 une attaque contre la ville ». Pour le représentant spécial du secrétaire général de l'Onu en RDC, Alan Doss, la Monuc a déploré le recours aux armes comme moyen d'expression ou de revendication. Selon lui, il propose le dialogue. A une question sur la nature des revendications des assaillants, le porte-parole de la Monuc a dit que ces derniers ne les ont jamais communiqué. Bien qu'aucun bilan officiel n'est encore disponible au sein de la population, la Monuc a confirmé la mort de trois « onusiens» : un Casque bleu ghanéen, un pilote sud-africain et un personnel civil mort par arrêt cardiaque.



http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201004080312.html

Other Related News / Autres Nouvelles
A military in search of a mission

PUBLICATION : The Guardian (Charlottetown)

DATE: 2010.04.08

Andrew Leslie is a metaphor for the army he led so capably during four testing years of combat. Fit, smart and looking for some place to go after Afghanistan describes the armed forces as well as a general now in limbo waiting for a new assignment. Negotiations underway here could see Leslie take command of the UN's largest peacekeeping mission. While leading the complex, politically sensitive Congo operation would suit the cerebral Leslie and complement Canada's current bid for a UN Security Council seat, returning to Africa demands answers about this country's future international role just as it would require the armed forces to exorcise lingering demons. Somalia, Rwanda and a 1960s Congo mission all stir horrific memories that the military's stellar Kandahar performance is putting into perspective even as it pushes them deeper into the past. Officially now in a peacekeeping rather than a peacemaking phase, the UN operation remains dangerously problematic. Some five million lives have been lost since civil war broke out in 1998, brutal fighting continues in the country's deceptively beautiful eastern regions, and the shaky central government wants foreign troops out before Congo celebrates 50 years of independence this summer.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all201041654276544_14.htm


Somalie : au moins 20 civils tués à Mogadiscio

PUBLICATION : Presse Canadienne

DATE: 2010.04.02

MOGADISCIO (AP) -- Au moins vingt personnes ont été tuées vendredi à Mogadiscio après des affrontements entre les forces du gouvernement et des insurgés islamiques, a-t-on appris de sources médicales. Les combats de vendredi ont éclaté après deux semaines de calme relatif. Le colonel Ibrahim Kalmoy, porte-parole des forces armées, a expliqué que les affrontements ont débuté après une attaque des rebelles islamistes contre des soldats gouvernementaux dans le sud de Mogadiscio, dans la zone de Taleh. Trois soldats ont été blessés à la suite des heurts. Des troupes de l'Union africaine, déployées à Mogadiscio pour protéger les zones clefs du gouvernement somalien, ont prêté main forte aux soldats somaliens lors de l'attaque. Ali Muse, du service des ambulances de la capitale somalienne, a indiqué que 15 civils avaient péri. En sus, le docteur Mohamed Yusuf, de l'hôpital Medina, a rapporté que cinq autres civils transportés dans sa clinique ont succombé à leurs blessures.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all201044212434249_89.htm


Armenians won't forget 20th-century atrocity

PUBLICATION : Waterloo Region Record

DATE: 2010.04.05

Nearly 300,000 Armenian soldiers conscripted into the Turkish army were killed in March 1915. The following April, 254 Armenian political, religious and intellectual leaders were arrested in Constantinople, then executed.  These martyrs are among the 1.5 million Armenians killed from 1915-23 in the 20th century's first genocide. On April 24, Armenians, including Canada's 80,000, will commemorate the victims of Turkey's ultranationalistic government. Headed by the Young Turks, it intended to exterminate the Ottoman Empire's 2.5 million Armenians in order to form an exclusively Turkish state. It implemented the genocide with little interference during the First World War. A total of 500,000 Armenians fled to different countries to avoid relocation marches into the deserts of Syria, Arabia and Mesopotamia where starvation, dehydration and exhaustion killed adults and children. Victims were also bayoneted, drowned, raped and abducted into harems.  In the 1930s and '40s, my mother attended events at the Armenian hall in Galt with my great-grandma, Marig Manasian. Mom remembers two women scarred with reminders of when 250,000 Armenian women were forced to work as slaves in Turkish harems. One bore her purple tattoo on her face while the prettier one, Melina, bore hers on her arm.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all20104017817594_28.htm



Rwanda boat sinking mars genocide commemoration

PUBLICATION : BBC News

DATE: 2010.04.08
A boat in Rwanda carrying people to genocide commemorations has sunk. Authorities told the BBC six people have died, at least 12 more are feared dead and 50 passengers were rescued. The vessel capsized in strong winds on Lake Kivu - which lies on the Democratic Republic of Congo border - while on its way to the town of Kibuye. Rwanda is holding a series of events on Wednesday to mark the 16th anniversary of the start of the genocide in which some 800,000 people were killed. During the 100-day massacre, Hutu militias systematically killed the Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The genocide came to an end when Tutsi rebels led by now-President Paul Kagame took control.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8608007.stm


La Cour pénale internationale ouvre une enquête sur des crimes contre l'humanité commis au Kenya

PUBLICATION : Le Monde

DATE: 2010.03.25

Les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ont autorisé, mercredi 31 mars, le procureur Luis Moreno-Ocampo à conduire une enquête sur les responsables des crimes contre l'humanité commis par le pouvoir et l'opposition au Kenya après l'élection présidentielle de décembre 2007. Les violences politico-ethniques avaient fait plus de 1 200 morts, 3 500 blessés et 350 000 déplacés. Les pièces présentées par le procureur émanent du rapport de la commission Waki, établie par le négociateur pour le Kenya et ancien secrétaire général des Nations unies, Kofi Annan. Elles font état de meurtres, violences sexuelles et actes inhumains perpétrés dans six des huit provinces du Kenya, dont dans la vallée du Rift et la région de Nairobi. Le procureur a présenté aux juges une liste confidentielle, et uniquement indicative, de vingt noms. Mais les cibles sont connues. Les juges identifient " trois catégories d'attaques " conduites par les deux partis qui forment aujourd'hui la coalition au pouvoir. Ils estiment que les premières ont été lancées par " des groupes associés au Mouvement démocratique orange - ODM - ", qui formait alors l'opposition conduite par Raila Odinga et qui contestait les élections. Ces attaques étaient initiées " contre les supporteurs du Parti national unifié - PNU - " du président réélu, Mwai Kibaki. Ces derniers auraient alors riposté.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/parl/articles/restricted/2010/04/par201045128357617_892.htm


Turkey sends ambassador back to Washington after tensions over Armenian genocide resolution

PUBLICATION : Canadian Press Newswire

DATE: 2010.04.02

ANKARA, Turkey _ Turkey's prime minister says the country's ambassador to Washington, who was recalled a month ago in protest at a U.S. move to declare the killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks genocide, will return to his post.  Recep Tayyip Erdogan says Ambassador Namik Tan will go back to Washington next week, before Erdogan attends a key nuclear security summit there. Turkey's relations with the United States were strained after a congressional panel approved a resolution on genocide. Erdogan on Friday did not say whether the tensions had reduced but stressed the importance of the April 12-13 summit. Western nations are preparing to impose sanctions to curb Iran's nuclear ambitions but Turkey says its neighbour has the right to develop nuclear energy for peaceful use.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all201044020478134_61.htm



AFRIQUE DE L'EST: Les militaires comme « agents de changement »

PUBLICATION : IRIN

DATE: 2010.04.01
En Afrique de l’Est, les militaires devraient servir de ressources pour lutter contre l’épidémie de VIH/SIDA au sein du reste de la population, ont souligné des participants lors d’un atelier sur la lutte contre le virus dans les secteurs de la paix et de la sécurité organisé à Kigali, la capitale rwandaise. « Les personnes en uniforme jouent un rôle important dans l’intervention globale de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA dans ces pays, elles peuvent devenir des agents de changement importants dans la mesure où elles peuvent modifier davantage les normes sociales et souvent mener des interventions de lutte contre l’épidémie novatrices », a déclaré à IRIN/PlusNews Nertila Tavanxhi, représentante du Programme commun de lutte contre le sida (ONUSIDA) à l’atelier. « Dans bon nombre de pays, l’armée est au premier plan de la lutte contre le VIH ». Au Rwanda, l’armée a joué un rôle de pionnier en étendant la pratique de la circoncision masculine, une méthode de prévention relativement nouvelle, dans le cadre d’une stratégie de réduction des risques liés au VIH.


http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201003150343.html


Holocaust Remembrance Day service to be held at Veterans Memorial Park

PUBLICATION : The Daily News (Truro)

DATE: 2010.04.08

The atrocities of the Holocaust will be remembered in Bass River this weekend. The Veterans Memorial Park is hosting its second annual Holocaust Remembrance Day service Sunday. The day was dedicated by the United Nations as a day of remembrance in 2005 in honour of the nearly six million European Jews murdered by the Nazis before and during the Second World War. "It's an important era of our time that should be remembered and never forgotten," said Veterans Memorial Park vice-chairman Ken Jamieson.  The event, which starts at 7 p.m., is one of a select few Holocaust services held in Nova Scotia. "As far as we know, we're the only place in Nova Scotia outside of the synagogues in Halifax and Cape Breton to do a service like this," said Jamieson. "They combine together and come here and do the service." Jamieson, who served two years in the 2nd Battalion Princess Patricia's Light Infantry in Winnipeg, Man., expects an improved turnout for the event from last year, where 75 people were counted. "This year we're expecting anywhere from 125 to 150," said Jamieson. This weekend's memorial marks the first of many events scheduled at the park this year.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/parl/articles/restricted/2010/04/par2010411379961_888.htm


Ethiopia denies dam will leave 200,000 hungry

PUBLICATION : The Starphoenix (Saskatoon)

DATE: 2010.04.03

Ethiopia rejected allegations that building one of Africa's biggest hydropower dams would leave 200,000 self-sufficient people reliant on aid.  Rights group Survival International (SI) said last week the dam would disrupt fishing and farming for tribal people, among them the Kwegu and Hamar tribes, and a group of charities have launched an online petition against the dam.  "We have made an extensive survey," government spokesperson Shimeles Kemal said late on Thursday.  "Highly renowned, independent experts have assured that the construction of the dam in no way causes concern for people living around there," he said. He did not name the experts involved in the survey.  An SI researcher who did not want to be named told Reuters last week the dam would ruin the economy of those living near it. "It will end the annual flooding some rely on to make the land they farm fertile, and for tribes who rely on fishing, it will deplete stocks. They will need aid."  Shimeles said the project had the backing of neighbouring Kenya, despite SI claims its construction could threaten the livelihoods of 300,000 people there.  The dam is being built on the Omo river, the main source for Kenya's Lake Turkana. "Various concerned bodies, including the Kenyan parliament, have endorsed the Ethiopian government's plans and have openly criticized the position pursued by these NGOs to prevent the construction of the Gibe III dam," Shimeles said.



http://www.infomedia.gc.ca/allcontent/articles/unrestricted/2010/04/all201041527181288_7.htm


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