For your information, attached are articles from the past week on the subject of genocide and crimes against humanity. Please note that the documents are provided in their original language of publication.
À titre de renseignement, veuillez trouver ci-joint des articles parus la semaine dernière touchant le génocide et les crimes contre l’humanité. Veuillez noter que les articles transmis sont dans la langue officielle dans laquelle ils ont été rédigés.
W2I is a crucial initiative that focuses on the prevention of genocide and other crimes against humanity. After the terrible events that took place in Rwanda and Kosovo, genocide experts seek to understand how to pressure political leaders to stop crimes against humanity before they escalate into genocide.The goal of W2I is to understand how to operationalize the principles of the Canadian-sponsored Report of the International Commission on Intervention and States Sovereignty on the Responsibility to Protect. Research will focus on how to better mobilize domestic political will in Canada and the United States. Furthermore, practical tools will be designed for nongovernmental agencies, the media, interested groups, and the general public so they can effectively pressure governments to take action to prevent future genocides and other crimes against humanity.
Meet the survivors, discover their works
LOCATION/LIEU: The Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre - 5151, Côte-Ste-Catherine Road
The Holocaust through the words of survivors - Come meet the authors at the first book fair of Montreal survivor memoirs. Over 15 author-survivors will share the impact the Holocaust had on their lives. Members of the public will be able to consult with the authors and purchase their books on site. This is a unique opportunity to listen to and discover the history of the Holocaust from the perspective of those who experienced it. Montreal became home to the third largest refugee population of Holocaust survivors in the world, after the war and unfortunately, many have since passed away. These memoirs serve as their legacy to fellow Montrealers. Survivors have published their memoirs with the support of their families, Associations, or foundations such as the Azrieli Foundation. However, many of these works remain unknown, with a small circulation.
UN's International Day of Peace
LOCATION/LIEU: Parliament Hill/Victoria Island
INFORMATION: www.departmentofpeace.ca The Initiative for the Deparment of Peace is organizing an event to meet at Parliament Hill/Victoria Island and read the UN International Declaration marking the Cease Fire of violent hostilities at home and abroad.
REPORTS - RAPPORTS "They Want Us Exterminated"
FULL REPORT: http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/08/17/they-want-us-exterminated-0
This 67-page report documents a wide-reaching campaign of extrajudicial executions, kidnappings, and torture of gay men that began in early 2009. The killings began in the vast Baghdad neighborhood of Sadr City, a stronghold of Moqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army militia, and spread to many cities across Iraq. Mahdi Army spokesmen have promoted fears about the "third sex" and the "feminization" of Iraq men, and suggested that militia action was the remedy. Some people told Human Rights Watch that Iraqi security forces have colluded and joined in the killing.
NEWSCLIPS – COUPURES DE PRESSE Sudan / Soudan Sudan: African Union-UN Force Hosts Round-Table Talks On Darfur Peace Process
PUBLICATION: UN News Source
The joint African Union-United Nations peacekeeping operation in Darfur (UNAMID) convened a round-table discussion with the signatories to the 2006 pact that aims to bring peace to the Sudanese region. In yesterday's talks, Rodolphe Adada, the Joint AU-UN Special Representative and head of the mission, urged all parties to support the ongoing peace process "because that is the only way to go in order to give a new lease of life to the [Darfur Peace Agreement] and, by extension, to the people of Darfur." Mr. Adada yesterday hailed the signatories and participants of the Darfur Peace Agreement for their commitment to dialogue, peace, reconciliation and development since the pact was signed in 2006 between the Government of Sudan and rebel groups in Abuja, Nigeria. "Those who embraced peace deserve to reap its dividends," he said. The pact, he said, paved the way for the deployment of UNAMID, which has achieved success in protecting civilians and supporting aid agencies as they deliver humanitarian assistance, among others…
Darfour : La Mission de l'ONU instaure une unité de police contre les crimes sexuels
PUBLICATION: La Presse
18 août 2009 – La composante de police de l'Opération hybride UA-ONU au Darfour (MINUAD) a mis en place une unité spéciale d'enquête pour examiner et signaler les crimes sexuels et liés au sexe, un problème persistant dans l'Ouest du Soudan. La Mission a annoncé mardi que l'unité composée de sept policiers avait été mise en place pour faire face au fort taux de violences sexuelles enregistré au Darfour au cours des deux dernières années. Le personnel a reçu une formation spécialisée. La nouvelle unité essaiera d'encourager les victimes à signaler les incidents aux autorités de police locales, de réduire la stigmatisation des victimes et d'aider à leur réinsertion. Elle vise aussi à soutenir les agences de maintien de l'ordre public dans leurs enquêtes sur les cas d'abus d'enfants, d'abandon d'enfants, de prostitution, de trafic d'êtres humains, de violence domestique et de harcèlement sexuel. La MINUAD travaillera autant que possible en coopération avec la police, les organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) et d'autres agences chargées des questions liées à l'égalité des sexes. On estime que le conflit qui dure depuis six ans au Darfour a fait quelque 300.000 morts et déplacé 2,7 millions de personnes, laissant les femmes en situation particulièrement vulnérable.
North, south Sudan reach agreement on several disputed peace agreement issues
KHARTOUM, Sudan _ Representatives of north and south Sudan reached agreement Wednesday on several disputed issues in a 2005 peace agreement that ended two decades of civil war, including border demarcation and the future of a disputed oil-rich region, the official news agency said. The U.S. has been pushing both sides to settle their differences, and Washington's special envoy to Sudan, Scott Gration, witnessed the signing of the new bilateral agreement in the southern city of Juba, according to a statement issued by the U.S. State Department.
The statement says the agreement commits the two sides ``to a series of timed benchmarks for implementing key aspects of the CPA, including border demarcation and election preparation.'' The peace deal is known as the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA. The new agreement also settles differences over the disputed oil-rich region of Abyei, the official Sudan News Agency reported, without providing details. An international legal panel requested by the two sides drew a compromise map in July that split Abyei between the north and south. The State Department said the two sides have still been unable to reach agreement on several issues, including a final determination on the use of census data critical in determining how political power, oil and other natural wealth are shared in Sudan. The unresolved issues will be taken up in another round of discussion that will take place during the second week of September, said SUNA.
Sudan on brink of a war over oil PUBLICATION: The Daily Telegraph
THE GUNMEN who raided the cluster of mud huts beside the White Nile struck with merciless efficiency. By the time they vanished into the night, hundreds of homes had been razed, 11 people lay dead and the village's inhabitants faced starvation, having lost all their precious cattle. "Everyone is on his own now,'' said Jamuth Nyading, a 42-year-old Sudanese herdsman, who gathered his two wives and 12 children and fled to the nearby town of Malakal. "You cannot cultivate, you cannot herd cattle, you cannot go fishing in the Nile without risk of being killed. We can't go back, not only because of fear, but also lack of food.'' Mr Nyading's ordeal would be grimly familiar had it taken place in Darfur, the region of western Sudan blighted by civil war. Instead, he abandoned his home in southern Sudan, an area supposedly at peace since an agreement four years ago ended decades of fighting. Struck in January 2005, this "comprehensive peace agreement'' was hailed as a moment of genuine hope. A rapturous signing ceremony brought down the curtain on the longest and bloodiest civil war in African history, pitting Sudan's Arab, Muslim north against the black tribes of the south, who include Christians and followers of traditional African beliefs. The south had bitterly resented Khartoum's rule, claiming the northerners' attitudes had changed little since the days of slavery, when southerners were seen as heathens fit only for serfdom.
PAM : Un réservoir d'eau construit dans les régions arides du Nord Kordofan PUBLICATION: Service d’information des Nations unies
La population du Nord Kordofan (Soudan) va pouvoir bénéficier d'un approvisionnement en eau dans cette région aride grâce à un réservoir massif construit par la communauté locale en échange de 450 tonnes de nourriture du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM). Achevé en juin et capable de retenir jusqu'à 25.000 mètres cubes d'eau, le réservoir – ou haffir, selon l'appellation locale – est un des 150 construits et réhabilités au Soudan depuis 2002, dans le cadre d'un programme du PAM intitulé « travail contre nourriture ». C'est le partenaire du PAM, l'ONG basée au Qatar Al Hayat International Water Organisation qui a fournit l'expertise et les outils, selon un communiqué…
Uganda: Govt to Send 600 Teachers to Sudan PUBLICATION: The Monitor
Uganda will send over 600 teachers to Sudan next year as part of a labour exchange programme between the two countries. A source within the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Affairs told Daily Monitor that Labour Minister Gabriel Opio signed an agreement with his Sudanese counterpart when they met in Geneva in June. The two ministers were attending the International Labour Conference which was held in Geneva in June. "The ministers agreed to work out a plan that would see both countries benefit from labour exchange, especially teachers," the source who preferred anonymity because he is not authorised to speak to the press said.
The development was confirmed by National Organisation of Trade Unions (Notu) Chairman Usher Owere. "We have actually started formulating a plan that would streamline the process. We are going to start with about 600 teachers at primary and secondary levels," Mr Owere told Daily Monitor on Monday, August 17…
Southern Sudan faces worsening food shortage, UN warns PUBLICATION: UN News Service
Urgent financial assistance is needed to ensure that Southern Sudan can avert severe hunger among its inhabitants, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) warned today, calling for over $50 million to cover the food gap. Some 22,000 metric tons of food aid will be needed, and the UN is working with the Government of Sudan, the Government of Southern Sudan, donors and humanitarian partners to secure the financing and supplies needed to ward off a crisis. The World Food Programme (WFP) has 80,000 metric tons of food in stock, but will need more than $40 million for food and transportation costs…
Democratic Republic of Congo / République démocratique du Congo Congo-Kinshasa: Bisie Killings Show Minerals at Heart of Congo Conflict PUBLICATION: Global Witness (London)
The killing of civilians near the Bisie cassiterite mine in Walikale, North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), on 12 August 2009, is a stark reminder of how the fight to control Congo’s mineral wealth is a key driver of violent conflict in the country, campaign group Global Witness said today. At least 16 people were believed killed and 45 wounded in an attack on the village of Mpama, close to Bisie mine, in the early hours of 12 August. Most of the victims were civilians; two police officers were also killed. The perpetrators looted belongings and money. Initial reports indicate that the attack may have been carried out by a newly-formed mai-mai group. During a visit to the region in August 2009, Global Witness had received reports that a new self-defence armed group, composed in part of former members of the 85th brigade of the Congolese army, was being formed in Walikale with the intention of retaining control of the cassiterite in Bisie. The 85th brigade had been in control of the mine until March 2009, when it was replaced by the 1st brigade. Further research is ongoing into the exact circumstances of the attack. "The killings at Mpama show how Congo’s mineral wealth provides an incentive for violence, and how the mines in the east are a focal point for armed groups’ activities…
ENTRETIEN : A Goma, venir en aide aux survivantes de violences sexuelles
PUBLICATION: Service d’information des Nations Unies
Roselidah Ondeko travaille depuis bientôt deux ans et demi dans l'Est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), dans le cadre d'un projet d'aide aux femmes victimes de violences sexuelles. Et affronter tous les jours les souffrances vécues par ces femmes n'est pas toujours facile. L'Est de la RDC est ravagé par les affrontements entre les rebelles armés et l'armée congolaise et les civils sont en première ligne, victimes de meurtres, de pillages et de viols. Roselidah Ondeko est employée par le Fonds des Nations Unies pour la Population (UNFPA) et coordonne le programme sur la violence sexuelle dans les provinces du Nord Kivu et du Sud Kivu soutenu financièrement par l'Agence canadienne de développement international (ACDI). Elle est basée à Goma, la capitale provinciale du Nord-Kivu…
I read with interest an article in The New York Times that was reprinted by The New Times on Saturday, August 15. This article, "Symbol of unhealed Congo: Male rape victims,” written by Jeffrey Gettleman. While I found the article an interesting read, I had to disagree with many of the statements that his sources made. The International Rescue Committee estimated in January last year that the crisis in the Congo has taken the lives of an estimated 5.4 million people since 1998 and continued to leave as many as 45,000 dead every month. One cannot look but in horror at the things that are happening in the lawless parts of eastern Congo. And I believe that it's the responsibility of the media to uncover and expose these crimes. However, I think that many of the journalists take a rather simplistic, and in my eyes lazy, approach to the entire Congolese quagmire. Take for example a statement in the article, "According to Oxfam, Human Rights Watch, United Nations officials and several Congolese aid organizations, the number of men who have been raped has risen sharply in recent months, a consequence of joint Congo-Rwanda military operations against rebels that have uncapped an appalling level of violence against civilians…
War crimes court seeks temporary release of former Congo Vice-President Bemba pending trial
AMSTERDAM _ The International Criminal Court ruled Friday that former Congo Vice-President Jean-Pierre Bemba should be freed from prison until his war crimes trial begins, but prosecutors sought to block the move.
Bemba will not be released until September at the earliest, because the court said it must determine what conditions should apply to his release, including which country will shelter him. Prosecutors said they would appeal to stop any release. Bemba faces charges that he commanded a militia responsible for atrocities in the Central African Republic, Congo's neighbour to the north. He has not entered a plea. In a written ruling, judges said Bemba's right to freedom outweighed the risks that he might flee, obstruct court proceedings, or commit war crimes while released. But prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo said he would appeal because Bemba ``should stay in prison.'' Moreno-Ocampo noted that the judges ``have confirmed that Mr. Bemba must stand trial to answer the very serious charges that have been brought against him. Victims and witnesses can be confident that the trial will take place in the near future and that the court will continue to guarantee their safety.'' Several potential hosts proposed by Bemba's defence team have already said they won't accept him. France became the latest Friday to reject Bemba.
Kinshasa - Trois mille hommes, venus d'Égypte, de Jordanie et du Bengladesh, pour renforcer la Mission de l'ONU en République démocratique du Congo (MONUC), devraient être déployés dans l'est de la RDC d'ici fin octobre, a-t-on appris hier. Le Conseil de sécurité avait, le 20 novembre 2008, adopté une résolution décidant ce déploiement supplémentaire de 2850 militaires et 300 policiers. Ces éléments seront essentiellement déployés dans les provinces orientales du Nord et Sud-Kivu en proie à des violences dues à la présence de quelque 500 rebelles ougandais de l'Armée de résistance du Seigneur (LRA) et de 4500 à 6000 rebelles hutus rwandais des Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR). La MONUC, qui compte actuellement quelque 17 000 Casques bleus, 700 observateurs militaires et plus d'un millier de policiers, appuie les Forces armées de la RDC dans la traque de ces deux groupes armés.
Clinton Puts Spotlight On Women's IssuesElevating Rights Is a Focus of Secretary
PUBLICATION: The Washington Post
She talked chickens with female farmers in Kenya. She listened to the excruciating stories of rape victims in war-torn eastern Congo. And in South Africa, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton visited a housing project built by poor women, where she danced with a choir singing "Heel-a-ree! Heel-a- ree!" Clinton's just-concluded 11-day trip to Africa has sent the clearest signal yet that she intends to make women's rights one of her signature issues and a higher priority than ever before in American diplomacy. She plans to press governments on abuses of women's rights and make women more central in U.S. aid programs. But her efforts go beyond the marble halls of government and show how she is redefining the role of secretary of state. Her trips are packed with town hall meetings and visits to micro-credit projects and women's dinners. Ever the politician, she is using her star power to boost women who could be her allies. "It's just a constant effort to elevate people who, in their societies, may not even be known by their own leaders," Clinton said in an interview. "My coming gives them a platform, which then gives us the chance to try and change the priorities of the governments."
Premier cas de grippe A/H1N1 avéré en RDC
KINSHASA (AP) - Un premier cas de grippe A/H1N1 a été détecté dans les mines de Tenke Fungurume, à environ 180km au nord-ouest de Lubumbashi, capitale de la province minière du Katanga, dans le sud-est de la République démocratique du Congo, ont annoncé lundi les autorités sanitaires congolaises. La personne affectée est un Sud-Africain, agent de la société minière Tenke Fungurme Mining, qui revenait de vacances dans son pays. "C'est à son arrivée à Tenke Fungurme que les tests qu'il avait subis dans un laboratoire sud-africain se sont révélés positifs, et les résultats lui ont été envoyés", a précisé le ministre congolais de la Santé Augustin Mopipi. "Le malade est présentement isolé et nous recherchons ses contacts pour les isoler et mettre à leurs dispositions les médicaments nécessaires enfin de contenir l'apparition de la maladie", a ajouté le ministre. Selon lui, le malade a développé la maladie en Afrique du Sud avant son arrivée au Congo-Kinshasa. AP
Was Hillary Clinton’s Answer in Congo the Right One? PUBLICATION: NY Times
Two days after video of Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was pummeled by American commentators from The New York Post to Jon Stewart for getting angry at an apparently rude question from a Congolese student during a forum in Kinshasa on Monday, two reporters who were at the event say that the much-reported idea that the French-speaking student’s question had been mistranslated is incorrect. In the video of the event embedded below, from Britain’s Channel 4 News, Mrs. Clinton can be seen listening and then responding to a simultaneous translation as the student asked: “We’ve all heard about the Chinese contracts in this country — the interferences from the World Bank against this contract. What does Mr. Clinton think, through the mouth of Mrs. Clinton, and what does Mr. Mutumbo think on this situation…
Other Related News / Autres Nouvelles Australian Holocaust denier begins 3-month sentence for posting anti-Semitic material online
ADELAIDE, Australia _ An Australian who was convicted earlier this year of publishing anti-Semitic material on the Internet began serving a three-month jail term Friday after a top court overturned his appeal. Fredrick Toben _ who is wanted in Germany on charges of denying the Holocaust _ was found guilty in May of 24 counts of contempt of a 2002 court ruling that barred him from publishing such material on the Web site of his organization, the Adelaide Institute. The material found to be in breach of the order included suggestions that the Holocaust did not happen, that questioned whether there were gas chambers at the Auschwitz death camp, and that challenged the intelligence of Jews who questioned Holocaust deniers' beliefs. In their verdict, the judges of the Federal Court said the case was not about the Holocaust but about whether Toben had complied with orders of the court. ``Obedience to the court is not optional,'' they said in their ruling. The judges said Toben, 64, had a disregard for the orders of the court and had acted to undermine the authority of the court. The 2002 case against Toben stemmed from a discrimination case against him by Jeremy Jones, a former president of the Executive Council of Australian Jewry. Jones welcomed the court's ruling, saying there must be consequences for actions.
Canada missed opportunity to right Sri Lanka's wrongs
PUBLICATION: The Toronto Star
In voting last month to approve a $2.6 billion (U.S.) IMF loan to Sri Lanka, the government of Canada squandered an opportunity to press the government of Sri Lanka on its treatment of war-affected civilians following its military victory over the rebel Tamil Tigers in May. The United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany and Argentina - holding more than 30 per cent of the IMF's shares - made the highly unusual move of abstaining from the vote, largely because of human rights concerns. It's too bad that Canada, with 3 per cent of IMF shares, didn't join them. During the final months of fighting between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), both sides were responsible for grave violations of the laws of war that resulted in thousands of civilian deaths. As their territory shrank, the Tamil Tigers used the civilians under their control as human shields, shooting and killing people who tried to flee the war zone. The government urged civilians to congregate in so-called "no- fire" zones, but then fired artillery indiscriminately into these densely populated areas. Both sides refused to take adequate steps to allow a humanitarian evacuation, despite public UN concerns regarding the unfolding bloodbath.
Il faut que les Africains se prennent en main MESSAGE D'HILLARY CLINTON
PUBLICATION: Le Journal de Montréal
PRAIA, Cap Vert -- (AFP) La secrétaire d'État américaine Hillary Clinton a achevé hier au Cap-Vert une tournée dans sept pays d'Afrique où elle a porté un même message : les Africains se doivent d'abord d'assumer leurs problèmes. "Je quitte l'Afrique encore plus stimulée par ce qui nous attend. L'administration Obama, tant dans le discours de la présidence qu'au cours de ma visite, a délivré un message d'amour qui exclut la permissivité", a assuré Mme Clinton, hier à Sal, l'une des îles de l'archipel Cap-Vert. "Nous n'édulcorons pas les problèmes, nous ne reculons pas devant eux, notre préoccupation est d'aider à canaliser les espoirs et aspirations des populations de l'Afrique, dans une voie qui change la direction de leurs pays", a-telle insisté, à côté du premier ministre cap-verdien Jose Maria Neves. Au cours de son voyage de 11 jours, le plus long depuis sa prise de fonction, en janvier, comme chef de la diplomatie américaine, Mme Clinton s'est arrêtée dans une clinique rurale de lutte contre le sida en Afrique du Sud ou dans l'est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) en guerre.
Analysis: Humanitarian action under siege PUBLICATION: IRIN
On the first-ever World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, when the UN spotlights fallen aid workers and growing humanitarian needs, experts say a trend toward integrating aid goals into broader social and security agendas has contributed to an erosion of “humanitarian space”. IRIN looks at why, and at how donors, UN agencies and NGOs might ensure that it does not shrink for good. Lacking any formal definition, the term “humanitarian space” has been taken to encompass any or all of the following: physical locations safe from attack in a conflict; respect for core humanitarian principles, independence, impartiality and neutrality; and the ability of aid agencies to access and help civilians affected by conflict.
Des bâtiments de l'ONU attaqués au sud de la Somalie PUBLICATION: Service d’information des Nations Unies
Une milice armée a attaqué dimanche vers minuit les bâtiments du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) à Wajiid, au sud de la Somalie, a déploré le Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA). « Il s'agit de la quatrième attaque visant des bâtiments des Nations Unies en Somalie en deux mois », a déploré le représentant des Nations Unies et Coordonnateur humanitaire dans le pays, Graham Farmer. « Cette attaque directe et délibérée contre les organisations d'assistance et les agents humanitaires est intolérable », a-t-il insisté…
Africa: Kigali Hosts African Youth Symposium PUBLICATION: The New Times
Youth from several African nations under the flagship of African Youth United for Change (AFYUCh) are in Rwanda, for a two-day conference. The meeting aims to inspire African youths into leadership as a way of tackling challenges faced by the continent. Speaking to The New Times Akin Rotimi, the president of AFYUCh, revealed that the crusade was brought to Rwanda as part of the efforts to reach out and involve youth from all corners of the continent. "We brought the crusade to Rwanda in an attempt to facilitate a wider benefit from AFYUCh activities and bring on board Rwandan youths in a bid to diversify participation of African youth in this cause," observed Rotimi. "We are here to build leadership and conflict resolution potential amongst young people in Rwanda," he added…
Aid workers to be honoured on Wednesday
PUBLICATION: The StarPhoenix (Saskatoon)
Aid workers, killed on the frontlines of conflicts around the world, are being honoured for the first time. World Humanitarian Day is being marked on Wednesday, the sixth anniversary of the truck bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, which killed 22 people, including special UN envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello. A foundation set up by his widow Annie and former colleagues is behind the move to pay tribute to the modern heroes who provide life-saving food, clean water, vaccines and shelter to civilians caught up in wars or disasters. "August 19 was the first time that the UN was directly and violently attacked, but it will be an occasion to remember all humanitarian workers who have lost their lives," Annie Vieira de Mello told Reuters in Geneva , where a ceremony will be held.
Un sénateur au Myanmar PUBLICATION: La Tribune (Sherbrooke, Qc)
Le sénateur américain Jim Webb doit rencontrer les dirigeants de la junte militaire birmane à l'occasion d'une visite qui débutera aujourd'hui, la première d'un parlementaire américain depuis plus de dix ans, a annoncé hier l'ambassade des États-Unis dans ce pays. Ce déplacement fait suite à la condamnation mardi de l'opposante Aung San Suu Kyi et du ressortissant américain John Yettaw, respectivement à 18 mois d'assignation à résidence supplémentaires et sept ans d'emprisonnement. La lauréate du prix Nobel de la paix 1991 a été reconnue coupable de violation des conditions de son assignation à résidence en raison de la visite inattendue de Yettaw, qui a rejoint sa résidence à la nage et y a séjourné deux jours. Selon Richard Mei, porte-parole de l'ambassade américaine, M. Webb, sénateur démocrate de Virginie, se rendra dès son arrivée à Naypyitaw, la capitale administrative de Birmanie où il sera reçu par les chefs de la junte.
Aid groups say their staff increasingly in the firing-line in conflict and crisis
GENEVA _ Aid groups were joining together Wednesday to highlight the growing danger their staff members face in crisis zones around the world, where kidnappings and killings of humanitarian workers are on the rise. Some 122 aid workers were killed last year, most of them local. The figure is greater than the number of U.N. peacekeeping troops killed in 2008, and compares with only 36 aid worker deaths a decade earlier, according to the U.N.'s humanitarian co-ordination office. ``We are targeted more and more,'' U.N. spokeswoman Elisabeth Byrs said in an interview ahead of World Humanitarian Day. The event, being held for the first time Wednesday, coincides with the sixth anniversary of the bombing of the U.N.'s main offices in Baghdad on Aug. 19, 2003. The rapid increase is blamed partly on a growth in aid operations in the most lawless parts of the world, with Afghanistan, Darfur and Somalia accounting for almost two-thirds of all attacks. But direct attacks by armed groups who consider aid workers to be on the wrong side of the conflict are also on the rise. The line between humanitarian aid and military operations has been blurred, Byrs said.
Musician on a mission PUBLICATION: The North Bay Nugget
A child doesn't belong at either end of a gun. War-affected children have caught the attention and heart of Toronto singer-songwriter Liam Titcomb, who is travelling across the country raising money for War Child Canada. Titcomb stopped at Nipissing University Monday afternoon to spread his message and raise money for the causalities most affected by war. He was scheduled to perform at Urban Cafe Monday evening. It's bad when you hear reports that two-thirds of victims of war are children," he said. In some war-torn countries, children as young as 10 are using AK-47 rifles. If I can spread some awareness and raise a little money then I've done my job."
The 22-year-old started his trek July 18 in St. John's, N. L., and will wrap up his 50-city tour Sept. 11 in Victoria, B. C. Titcomb said the hardest part of the tour is the lack of sleep.
L'Iran appelle à l'interdiction de frappes militaires sur des installations nucléaires
VIENNE, Autriche (AP) -- L'Iran souhaite une conférence internationale pour interdire toute frappe militaire sur des installations nucléaires. Téhéran a fait cette proposition mercredi à l'approche de la conférence générale de l'Agence internationale de l'énergie atomique (AIEA) qui doit se tenir au mois de septembre, a appris l'Associated Press de sources diplomatiques. Une information confirmée par Ali Asghar Soltanieh, le représentant de l'Iran à l'AIEA. D'après des diplomates, cette initiative vise à faire pression sur Israël, qui n'a pas exclu de mener des raids aériens pour paralyser le programme nucléaire iranien. M. Soltanieh a cependant déclaré que l'Iran n'avait pas peur d'Israël et cherchait simplement à obtenir un soutien en faveur d'une résolution interdisant toutes les attaques armées contre des installations nucléaires n'importe où à travers le monde.
Trial of seven imprisoned Bahá’í Leaders postponed PUBLICATION: Baha’i International Community
GENEVA – The trial of seven imprisoned Baha'i leaders has been postponed until 18 October, the Baha'i International Community learned today. According to Diane Ala’i, the Bahá’í International Community representative to the United Nations in Geneva, following a request for postponement of the trial from Mr. Hadi Elsmaielzadeh and Ms. Mahnaz Parakand—attorneys from the Defenders of Human Rights Center who are representing the seven Bahá’ís—the court has decided to delay the hearing for 2 months. Two senior members of the legal team, Nobel Laureate Mrs. Shirin Ebadi and Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani were unable to attend the hearing as Mrs. Ebadi is out of the country and Mr. Soltani is in prison, having been detained on 16 June 2009 in the wake of the civil unrest following the presidential election in Iran. “Our hope now is that our seven innocent co-religionists will be released on bail,” said Ms. Ala’i. The seven Baha'i prisoners are Mrs. Fariba Kamalabadi, Mr. Jamaloddin Khanjani, Mr. Afif Naeimi, Mr. Saeid Rezaie, Mrs. Mahvash Sabet, Mr. Behrouz Tavakkoli, and Mr. Vahid Tizfahm. All but one of the group were arrested on 14 May 2008 at their homes in Tehran. Mrs. Sabet was arrested on 5 March 2008 while in Mashhad. They have since been held at Tehran’s Evin prison without formal charges or access to their lawyers.Official Iranian news accounts have said the seven are to be accused of "espionage for Israel, insulting religious sanctities and propaganda against the Islamic republic.” The Baha'i International Community categorically rejects all charges against the seven, stating that they are held solely because of religious persecution.