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**US-NATO** US-NATO Alliance Resilient

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US-NATO Alliance Resilient

US-NATO alliance is durable- can overcome all their differences.

 Powell 3 (Colin-formal general and chief of staff and secretary of state, founder of The America’s Promise Alliance, Powell Stresses Durability of Trans-Atlantic Alliance- Says differences over Iraq “are behind us now”,

New York -- Emphasizing the importance and durability of the trans-Atlantic Alliance and NATO, Secretary of State Colin Powell said May 7 that differences over the war in Iraq "are behind us now. Now we have to come together again" to help the people of Iraq. Addressing a meeting of the Foreign Policy Association, the secretary highlighted the ties between the United States, the European Union, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization saying they are too important to ever be taken lightly. Powell and Javier Solana, EU high representative for foreign policy, were guests of honor at the organization's gala annual dinner. Powell said that the United States would be presenting a new draft resolution to the U.N. Security Council that would ask the U.N. "to play a vital role" and lift sanctions against the Iraqis "so that they now can engage in normal commerce with the world." "More importantly," he said, "it will be a resolution that can bring us all together to give the Iraqi people a better life and hope for a much brighter future." Secretary Powell said he was confident that Security Council members would not bring up the divisions -- "not fight old battles" -- that prevented the council from supporting military action against Iraq earlier in the year. The United States and the nations of NATO and the EU "have a special role to defend liberty and open opportunity in Iraq, in Afghanistan, and in other areas around the world that are a challenge to the international community," he said. "If many of our allies and friends in Europe took part in the liberation of Iraq and other friends and allies in Europe did not support our efforts, that is all behind us now. Now we have to come together again ... to help the Iraqi people take their place in the world, take their place in the world as a free, stable, self-governing country," Powell said. He described the alliances as "vibrant institutions made up of dynamic democracies" that will not always agree but should be able to overcome their differences to tackle the most challenging issues of the day. "Independent actions and internal pressures are not unheard of within the United States or among the states of Europe," he said. "And so I do not rush to call every contretemps a crisis." Americans and Europeans can work together making different kinds of contributions in different situations, Powell said. "Europe doesn't want to be considered only a checkbook, and the United States doesn't want to be seen as just a juggernaut. We do not have to work together the same way every time," he said. "We can, and do, work together through informal coalitions of the willing, sometimes forged with non-Europeans and American participants as well. Whether it's combating terrorism and proliferation; creating conditions for sustainable development; stemming infectious disease, such as HIV/AIDS, the greatest weapons of mass destruction on the face of the earth today; or promoting good governance, none of us can hope to meet these complex challenges by working alone," said Powell.

NATO resilient. 9-11 makes it virtually indestructible.

Burns 4 (R. Nicholas- US Ambassador to NATO, US and NATO: An Alliance of Purpose, NATO Remains our Essential Alliance
The United States wants NATO to be one of the building blocks for our long-term engagement in this vast region. Recent Alliance consultations in the region have demonstrated some support for an enhanced relationship with NATO. Long-term change in the Middle East will help to attack the foundations of the terrorism crisis and give democracy and civil society a chance to take root. This is a challenge that Europeans and Americans alike must embrace. We can transform NATO’s Mediterranean Dialogue into a true partnership, offering military training and exercises and a closer political relationship, and also launch outreach to other countries in the region with the Istanbul Cooperation Initiative. Our focus should be on practical cooperation with those countries that wish to have a closer relationship with NATO. Our fourth goal is to improve relations between NATO and the European Union (EU), the two great institutions responsible for Europe’s future, particularly in the Balkans. The spring 2004 enlargements of both organizations have advanced our common goal of a Europe whole, free, and at peace. Toward that end, both organizations will remain active in maintaining the hard-won peace and stability in the Balkans. NATO will likely conclude its successful peacekeeping mission in Bosnia in December 2004, and support a new EU mission under the “Berlin Plus” framework agreed to by the two organizations last March. But NATO should maintain a robust presence and a military headquarters in Sarajevo to help Bosnian authorities bring indicted war criminals to justice. In Kosovo, NATO will continue the KFOR (Kosovo Force) mission, maintaining the security and stability that Kosovo needs as it works on an internationally- backed plan to expand democratic institutions, protect minority rights, return and reintegrate displaced persons, and open dialogue with Belgrade. If it makes sufficient progress by mid-2005, the international community will then consider beginning to address Kosovo’s future status. Together, NATO and the EU must continue to support the transition to stable, market-oriented democracies in Kosovo, Bosnia, and Macedonia. Our fifth goal is to elevate NATO’s relations with Russia. Our constructive engagement through the NATO-Russia Council has helped make our citizenry safer and more secure today than at any time in the last 50 years. NATO and Russia will participate in a major civil emergency crisis management exercise in Kaliningrad in June. Yet there is much more NATO can do with Russia — from search and rescue at sea to theater missile defense to greater cooperation in the Black Sea to joint peacekeeping. NATO needs to set its sights on a closer relationship that will put our past rivalry behind us forever. One more obstacle must be overcome if the Alliance is to achieve its goals: the persistent and growing gap in military capabilities between the United States and the rest of its allies. If NATO’s transformation and long-term missions are to be successful, our European allies will need to spend more — and more wisely — on defense. The U.S. will spend $400 billion on defense this year; the 25 other allies combined will spend less than half of that. In addition, there is the “usability gap” — of Europe’s 2.4 million men and women in uniform, only three percent are now deployed in our priority missions in the Balkans, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Forces that are static, untrained, ill equipped, and not deployable make no contribution to NATO or to the larger cause of peace and stability in Europe and beyond. After terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, and later in Istanbul and Madrid, there is no doubt among NATO allies that our security is indivisible. The most dangerous security threats of our globalized 21st century are themselves global: sophisticated terrorist networks seeking access to weapons of mass destruction. President Harry Truman, who led the United States into NATO, could have been speaking of the present day when he said in 1951, “no nation can find safety behind its own frontiers … the only security lies in collective security.” That is sound advice for the U.S. role in today’s NATO. The United States will remain committed to NATO and to effective multilateralism in our effort to repair transatlantic divisions and rebuild NATO for the future. Allied cooperation on issues of international peace and security helped NATO win the Cold War, and will be indispensable to winning the global war on terror. The new NATO remains our essential alliance for achieving the common European and American vision for a secure, peaceful, democratic, and prosperous future.

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