Masting Sheers. Tall sheer legs used for stepping a mast, or for removing it from a vessel. Erected near edge of a fitting-out berth, with line of splay parallel to edge of berth. Heels are hinged so that sheers can be inclined until head is over centreline of vessel.
Mast Knife. Clasp-knife with 9- to 12-inch blade, used for scraping wooden mast.
Mast Lining. Doubling piece of canvas on after side of a topsail. Takes the chafe against topmast and cap.
Mastless. Having no mast.
Mast Prop. Long spar formerly used to strut a mast when vessel was careened.
Mast Rope. Rope by which an upper mast is hoisted. A 'Heel Rope.'
Mast Scraper. Triangular scraper used on wooden masts. Edges are concave to fit round of mast. Bevel is away from handle.
Mast Step. Socket into which heel of a mast is stepped. Strengthened fitting to which heel of mast is secured.
Mast Tackle. Purchase for hoisting or lowering a mast. 2. Heavy-lift tackle depending from a mast.
Mast Trunk. Casing into which mast of a small vessel may be stepped.
Mate. An officer assistant to Master. A 'Chief Officer'. From time immemorial he has been responsible for stowage and care of cargo and organisation of work of seamen, in addition to navigating duties.
Matelot. French for 'Sailor*. In common use on lower deck of R.N.
Mate's Log 220 Mean Solar Day