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'Churl's wain,' or 'waggon'. Old name for 'Ursa Major'.
The embodiment of fair dealing. (R.N.)
R.N. nickname for a galley funnel.
Representation of part of ocean or sea for use in navigation.
Gives depth of water
nature of bottom
and characteristics of coast
, with positions and brief particulars of navigational aids. 2. Diagram showing certain facts in graphical or tabular form. 3.* Old name for mariner's compass.
Standardised abbreviations used in charts. The more important are generally
shown under chart title
, but all those used in British Admiralty charts are given on a special chart.
at border of chart
, for determining latitude
and longitude of a position
, and for measuring distances.
rose engraved on chart
, to determine courses and bearings. Usually has an outer graduation 0°-360°, and inner graduation in quadrantal form.
Inner compass gives variation
for a given epoch
, and the secular change.
Sea level used in connection with soundings on a chart.
In British charts
, is a level below which the tide very rarely falls.
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