Nautical words

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Buys-Ballot's Law. Originally stated that if observer's back is to a wind in Northern hemisphere then barometric pressure will be lower on his left hand than on his right; this rule being reversed in Southern hemisphere. Modern convention assumes man faces direction of wind, thus reading 'higher' for 'lower' in original rule.

By. Used with other words, in sailing, to mean close to the wind.

By and Large. Sailing with wind before the beam - and sailing with wind abaft the beam. 2. A nautical way of saying, Taking the rough with the smooth' or 'striking a mean'.

By Points. Those points of the compass that contain the word 'by'.

By the Board. Overboard and by the ship's side.

'By the Deep.' Erroneous report sometimes made by leadsman when depth is judged to be an exact number of fathoms not marked on line. Should be 'Deep'.

By the Head. Said of a vessel when her draught forward exceeds her draught aft.

'By the Mark.' Prefix to a leadsman's report of depth when the mark on a vertical lead line is at water level; this report being free from estimation.

By the Run. To let go a rope and let it run without hindrance.

By the Stern. Said of a vessel when her draught aft exceeds her draught forward.

By the Wind. Said of a vessel sailing close hauled.

C 63 Cable Nipper

c. 'Mainly cloudy, (not less than three-quarters covered)'.

(Beaufort Weather Notation).

Cab. Name given to screened shelter at wing of a navigating bridge.

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