Nato: Purpose, History, Members and Alliances



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NATO: Purpose, History, Members and Alliances

NATO stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It's an alliance of 28 member countries roughly bordering the North Atlantic Ocean: Canada, U.S., Turkey and most members of the European Union. NATO's purpose is to protect the freedom of its members. As famously defined in Article 5, "...an armed attack upon one...shall be considered an attack upon them all."

In recent years, NATO's purpose has expanded to include defense against weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, and cyber-attacks. Since its inception following World War II, NATO has had to continually redefine its focus as a military and political alliance to keep up with the changing face of war.






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