and Safety in Native Communities”, September 15, http://www.indian.senate.gov/hearings/upload/Jefferson-Keel-FINAL-testimony.pdf)
Still, conflicting grant conditions and contract requirements arising from other federal transportation programs continue to obstruct the efficient and cost-effective transportation infrastructure development Congress has envisioned for Indian Country. Few tribal governments have the staff or resources for negotiations to conform these extensive conditions and requirements to tribal-specific legal and policy considerations or to establish duplicative administrations for managing disparate contract and grant requirements – and they should not have to. In other agencies, tribal implementation of federal programs under the ISDEAA has allowed tribes to adopt uniform and more cost-effective accounting, management, procurement and reporting systems. Under ISDEAA, tribes spend less on program administration and more on program services and activities.