True/False Questions 1. State governments have some direct authority over federal Indian reservations because of the principle of dual sovereignty. True or False
2. Tribal languages have been resurrected and strengthened over the recent years among the majority of Native American tribes to assure sustaining their culture, traditions, and heritage. True or False
3. In spite of the fact that Native American children can now be taught in their native languages, there has been a sharp decline in the use of such languages for most of the tribes. True or False
4. Although gaming casinos on reservation land has brought employment and economic opportunities, traditionalists argue that the values and lifestyles of the past are being eroded as a result. True or False
5. Tribal gaming has resulted in dramatically increasing the per capita income of Native Americans and as a result, they are no longer considered a disadvantaged group. True or False
6. Hispanics have surpassed African Americans as the nation's largest racial or ethnic minority group in the U.S. True or False
7. A Pew Research Center poll found that Americans, by a margin of two to one, believe local police should be required to ascertain the citizenship of individuals they encounter in the course of duty. True or False
8. Polls indicate that most Americans favor a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who have been in the country for a relatively long period if they meet certain conditions. True or False
9. According to Patterson, the fact that Asian Americans hold about 5 percent of professional and
technical jobs, a figure consistent with their population, is proof positive that discrimination is the thing of the past for this upwardly mobile group. True or False
10. Asian Americans are underrepresented politically, even by comparison with Hispanics and blacks. True or False
11. Gays and lesbians can now serve openly in the armed services, and some of those forced out earlier have returned to duty. True or False
12. Polls show that a majority of Americans believe same-sex marriage should have the same standing in law as traditional marriages. True or False
13. Although mandatory retirement ages for most jobs have been eliminated by law, age discrimination is not among the forms of discrimination prohibited by the U.S. Constitution. True or False
14. Unlike the elderly, people with disabilities are protected by the Constitution from discrimination. True or False
15. Congress passed a law that requires schools to provide all children, however severe their disability, with a free and appropriate education. True or False
16. The United States has had little to no history of discrimination against religious minorities, such as Jews, Catholics, Mormons, or Muslims. True or False
17. Patterson believes that discrimination is civilization's curse, not just America’s as evidenced in the scores of ethnic, national, and religious conflicts that have marred human history. True or False
Multiple Choice Questions 1. What is the population of full-blooded Native Americans, including Alaska Natives? a) less than one million, b) more than two million, c) about three million, d) slightly less than four million.
2. What is the current U.S. government policy toward Indian reservations? a) cultural autonomy and fiscal control, b) language preservation and protecting sacred rituals, c) self-government and economic self-sufficiency, d) acculturation and transitioning to mainstream society.
3. Which is the fastest growing minority group in the United States? a) African Americans, b) Asian Americans, c) Hispanic Americans, d) Native Americans.
4. According to the U.S. census, there were about how many Hispanics living in the U.S.? a) about 10 million, b) less than 19 million, c) about 33 million, d) more than 50 million.
5. In 2012, why did the Supreme Court invalidate a portion of the Arizona law dealing with illegal immigration? a) States cannot interfere with the federal government’s constitutional authority to determine immigration policy, b) The Constitution is quite clear that all persons have a right to achieve citizenship no matter their original status, c) invoking the “cruel and unusual” clause, the Court argued that illegal immigrants must be allowed to contact their local consulate, d) It stated that the law was racist and applied arbitrarily.
6. What accounts for Hispanics being healthier and having a longer life expectancy than would be expected based on their education and income levels? a) the family structure often with a two-income situation, b) their faith in God and the Catholic Church, c) their unwillingness to become fully acculturated and “Americanized,” d) their diet of beans and tortillas, avoiding fats and processed foods.
7. What limit's Hispanics political power? a) Most Hispanics are not citizens, b) Their population size is too small to have any significant effect for the foreseeable future, c) Only about half are registered to vote, d) Culturally, Latinos hate the very thought of voting since religion is of paramount importance.
8. Asian Americans represent roughly what percent of the U.S. population? a) 4 percent, b) 7 percent, c) 8 percent, d) 9 percent.
9. Which of the following groups earns the greatest annual income per capita in the United States? a) Asian Americans, b) African Americans, c) Hispanic Americans, d) White Americans.
10. In 2003, the Supreme Court handed gays and lesbians a victory by invalidating state laws that prohibited sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex: a) Beardly v McKenna, b) Hamilton v. Georgia, c) Lawrence v. Texas, d) Burger v. Alabama.
11. In 2013, the Supreme Court struck down a provision of the Defense and Marriage Act as unconstitutional because: a) it violates the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause, b) it interferes with a state’s ability to define marriage based on the Tenth Amendment, c) it treats homosexuals as foreigners rather than citizens, protected by the Fifth Amendment’s full faith and credit clause, d) it ignores the Ninth Amendment’s expansive ability to extend rights to everyone.
Fill-in Questions 1. What are the policy goals of the U.S. government toward Native Americans?
a) to foster self-___________ and economic self-____________.
b) to preserve Native American ________.
c) children in schools run by the Bureau of Indian Affairs can now be taught in their _______ _________.
2. In 2010, Arizona enacted legislation that:
a) called for police to check for evidence of ______ _______ whenever in the course of duty they stopped a person for another reason.
b) If the person was an ________ ______, he or she would be _________,
c) charged with a state ______, and turned over to ________ authorities for deportation.