National strategy for reduction of poverty and social exclusion in the republic of macedonia



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Measures

  • Result 1.1: All pupils and students of the appropriate age should be enrolled in primary school and they should complete their primary education:

  • а. General measures

    1. Consistent application of the legislative requirements regarding the catchment area for each school and providing lists of students of an appropriate age that have to be enrolled in that particular primary school in accordance with its catchment area;

    2. In addition to the principle of zoning, the schools should be stimulated to receive students from socially vulnerable families living close to the school, but belong to a different zone (this supervision is done by the SEI). The students should be scoped based on lists submitted by the MOI to the local self-government and in accordance with the field work of the inspectors;

    3. Focusing on measures that stimulate enrollment and regular attendance of schools and avoid measures that sanction incompliance with enrollment and attendance requirements.

      1. Stimulate enrollments in kindergartens, as a basis for further schooling, cooperate with nongovernmental organizations and with parents;

      2. Stimulate regular class attendance by:

    • Holding additional classes (regulated in the Law on Primary Education, article 27)

    • Non-violence in school campaign

    • Student and parent advisory

    • Free textbooks

    • Free transportation

    • Financial assistance for disabled persons (transport for the student and the accompanying person)

    • Teacher training

    • Employment of psychologists, pedagogues and defectologists

    • Integrated education strategy

    • Social assistance for vulnerable categories

    • Improvement of the infrastructure (repair of the toilets, reconstruction, procurement of teaching aids, access ramps for disabled children)

    • Adaptation of the curriculums to the age of the students

    • Studying the language of the communities.



    • b. Special measures for children with developmental impediments

    1. Record the number of children with developmental impediments in the census of the population.

    2. Record the children with developmental impediments by providing for cooperation between the municipality, the healthcare institutions and the social institutions.

    3. Provide a functional classification of the children with developmental impediments (what can they do), instead of focusing only on the deficiencies (what kind of “damage” they have), in order to properly determine how to integrate them in the regular teaching process. This measure is currently implemented only in the special schools, but should be introduced in the regular schools as well.

    4. Include children with developmental impediments in the special classes and schools only when this would serve the best interest of the child (only if it is absolutely necessary for the child’s overall development).

    5. Adapt the infrastructure in the regular primary schools to the needs of the children with physical disabilities, including internal interventions, in accordance with the Rule Book on Design Standards and Norms, issued by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and other international norms.

    6. Adapt the computer software to the children with disabilities in all the schools where this is necessary,

    7. Provide additional financial and staffing benefits for the regular schools that enroll children with developmental impediments, and employ psychologists and defectologists in the schools as needed.

    8. Preparation of special programs for primary education of children 11 – 12 years old which have not been included in the primary education system, so that they do not have to wait until they become 15 years old to get included into adult education.



    • c. Special education for the Roma children

    1. Provision of funding to facilitate the mandatory inclusion of Roma children and children from other socially vulnerable families into the public school institutions.

    2. Awarding monetary assistance to socially vulnerable families if they fulfill certain criteria with respect to the education of their children (conditional cash transfers).

    3. Provision of additional financial and staffing benefits for the schools with a significant number of Roma children.

    4. Increase the enrollment quotas and provision of scholarships for Roma to study teaching faculties, in particular faculties that prepare primary school teachers.

    5. Reduced criteria for enrollment of Roma children in the public secondary schools.

    6. Provision of scholarships for Roma students.

    7. Provision of mentoring and tutoring for all students/scholarship recipients, as well as other students from the Roma ethnicity in the school they attend. This will help them in the learning process and will help improve the socialization of the students.

    8. Introduce mandatory extracurricular activities throughout the school year for all students that have difficulties mastering the teaching materials.

    9. Involve the nongovernmental sector in activities conducive to increase the incentives of the Roma parents to send their children to school, with a special emphasis on including girls in the education process.

    10. Train teachers to work with and train Roma students
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