National strategy for reduction of poverty and social exclusion in the republic of macedonia

Area 1Employment and strengthening of entrepreneurship

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Area 1Employment and strengthening of entrepreneurship

  • The unemployment rate indicators show negative trends in recent years since the enactment of the Strategy. Thus, according to the LFS data, the unemployment rate declined from 32.0 in 2010 to 30.6 in the third quarter of 2012. Although this percentage is small, it still shows some downward tendency. In addition there are changes with respect to the active employment policies which also have positive influences.

  • Still, dedication and urgency are required to implement a continuous, responsible and efficient employment policy, which is a top priority. The improvement of employment depends on the implementation of a comprehensive macroeconomic policy, as well as a stronger economic growth and investments. Because of the recovery phase in the post-recession stage, the employment situation can improve also by undertaking specific measures in the area of institutional, administrative and legislative management of the employment policies.

  • This was done, to an extent, with the enactment of the Law on Tracking Unemployment, which introduced some change regarding the people that actively seek work and the people recorded on the registry of unemployed persons, which helped realistically express the number of unemployed persons.

  • This and other measures can have an impact on the reduction of the level of unreported work which, according to some calculations, represents 33 to 37 percent of GDP, increase of the employment rates of vulnerable ethnic groups (such as the Roma – 78.5%); higher rates of participation of women on the labor market, especially those from marginalized ethnic communities, like the Albanian and Turkish ethnic communities, etc.

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