Persons that have completed higher education (30-34)
Population living below the poverty line
Source: SSO, Labor Force Survey 2010 for rows 1-7 and Income and Living Conditions Survey 2010 for row 8
The third priority of the EU 2020 Strategy, Inclusive Growth, is, in fact an area of special interest, considering that it relates to the goals and areas addressed in the National Strategy for Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Republic of Macedonia for the period 2010 - 2020. (The other two priorities: smart growth and sustainable development should be addressed in other documents) Therefore, in order to direct the National Strategy, it provides the priorities for better participation on the labor market, formation of an economy that produces conditions conducive to employment, entrepreneurship, strengthening the fight against poverty and strengthening of the social cohesion.
The National Program for Adoption of the Acquis (NPAA), prepared every year, envisions the specific steps for harmonizing the national policies and the legislation with the European legislation, as well as strengthening the capacities for policy implementation for each of the 33 chapters. The planning of activities in this documents, which holds a key position in the integration process of the Republic of Macedonia, is guided by the comments from the EC Progress Report for the Republic of Macedonia, the recommendations from the work of the bodies formed within the Stabilization and Association Projects and the measures contained within the recently started high level dialogue.
According to the NPAA, several measures were implemented in the area of social policy and employment. These measures were included in the area 3.19.5 Social Inclusion.3These include: formation of a coordination mechanism for monitoring and implementation of the National Strategy for Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion 2010-2020; Realization and monitoring of the implementation of selected micro projects in the field of fighting against poverty and social exclusion in 8 municipalities; Implementation of trainings for the nongovernmental sector at local level, about the mechanisms for accountability, monitoring and public participation of local nongovernmental organizations in the policies, programs and budgets of the municipalities; Implementation of the project “Strengthening of the Relevant Social Inclusion Stakeholders on Local Level” (IPA IV); Implementation of the project “Fostering of Social Inclusion and Inclusive Labor Market” (IPA IV); Implementation of a program for patrol social workers in three pilot municipalities with a view of strengthening preventive social protection on local level; Supporting projects from the area of social protection and inclusion, implemented by nongovernmental organizations and strengthening of the cooperation with the civil sector in this area; Provision of the service of spa and climate recreation for retired people and the service of summer and winter vacation for children at social risk.
The following obligations are in the stage of implementation: Revision of the National Strategy for Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion 2010-2020, according to the EU 2020 Strategy; Operational plan, for 2013, for the implementation of the revised National Strategy for the Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion 2010-2020; Organizing an on-line course on strengthening the capacities of social inclusion for all interested citizens; Implementation of the project “Strengthening of the Relevant Stakeholders for Social Inclusion at Local Level – Phase 2” (IPA IV); Supporting projects from the area of social protection and inclusion, implemented by nongovernmental organizations and strengthening of the cooperation with the civil sector in this area; Implementation of a program for patrol social workers in three pilot municipalities with a view of strengthening preventive social protection on local level; Expansion of the network of soup kitchens in rural areas in 2 municipalities (Cheshinovo and Centar Zhupa).
The implementation of measures aimed at increased employment, investment in qualifications, modernizing the labor market and the education system, as well as promotion of the social protection system, helps the real fight against poverty and is conducive to social cohesion. The assessment suggests that the aging processes happening in Europe can be tackled only by a maximal utilization of the existing potentials, i.e. by effectuating the human capital and by providing access to better quality services.
Each of the following sections of the revised National Strategy 2010 – 2020 incorporates measures for harmonization withthe principles of the EU 2020 Strategy, the goals and the initiatives, as well as the national opportunities and priorities for reducing poverty and social exclusion.