2.1.2 The National Security Council and the civil dimension of the national security sector The National Security Council is the structure meant to carry out the general coordination of the national security sector’s institutions and activities of the other institutions exercised on different dimensions of the national security as well to adopt the recommendations for decision making on national security. During peace time the National Security Council exercises its attributions of the consultative body. In case of an emergency, siege or war the Council will serve as a body with deliberative functions.
On a basis of the provisions of the article 77 of the Moldovan Constitution, the President of the Republic of Moldova chairs the National Security Council.
The proper functioning of the Council is ensured by its Secretary, who is a civil person of the administration of the Republic of Moldova’s President.
The permanent members of the National Security Council are: the President of the Republic of Moldova, the Speaker of the Parliament, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova, the chairmen of the permanent Parliamentary Committees on National Security, Defense and Public Order, as well as for Foreign Policy and European Integration, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, the Minister of Defense, the Minister of Interior, the Minister of Reintegration, the Minister of Finance, the SIS Director, the President’s advisors on Domestic as well as on Foreign policy, the Secretary of the National Security Council.
While drafting its Rule and Regulations, the National Security Council will decide on establishing the positions of the permanent advisors and non-permanent members of the Council. The positions of the permanent advisors will be covered by the senior level officials from the state force institutions (operational level). The decision to invite the permanent advisors of the Council or its non-permanent members will be taken in accordance with the issue examine in the Council’s session.
The functions of the National Security Council:
Integrated analysis of the security situation. Caring out this function allows the comprehensive evaluation of the security situation which serves as a basis for elaboration/adjusting of the national security policy and adoption of adequate decisions. The main element of this task is the assessment of the multiple treats to the national security of the Republic of Moldova. The method for the threat assessment is the exchange of information and unification of efforts in the process of gathering information concerning threats. To fulfill this duty decisions are needed to create sufficient capabilities for the National Security Council.
Adopting the recommendations on allocation of necessary resources in order to cope with the threats to the national security. Fulfilling this task allows balancing security allocations with other allotments of major importance for the country, as well as tackling thoroughly the national security concerns.
Monitoring, controlling and supervising in the national security system. Caring out this task guarantees the efficient use of the allocated resources with the aim at consolidating security; analyzing the efficiency of the security plans or relevant structures; maintaining the ability of the different institutions to activate in crisis or emergency situations; supervising the process of expenditures, administration and implementation of the policies by the state force institutions; promoting political control and trust building between the institutions within the national security sector.
Identifying the national security priorities. Caring out this duty allows structuring the national security priorities and planning the stages for accomplishing these priorities.
Coordinating the activities in case of urgency or crisis. In case of crisis the Council will act as a body with deliberative tasks.
Administering and monitoring the reformation process of the national security sector.
The National Security Council uses the capacities and expertise of the Interdepartmental Committees to manage the developments in the national security sector, like the National Committee on Implementing the Individual Partnership Action Plan, the State Committee on Strategic Defense Review etc. The Council may decide to set up new inter-institutional structures.
The National Security Strategy of the Republic of Moldova and the Rules and Regulations of the National Security Council approved by a Decree of the President of the Republic of Moldova will refer in details on sub-divisions in the Council’s structure, other structures associated with it and its functioning mechanism.