2. NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA The system of national security is the aggregate of concepts, strategies, policies, means, regulations and administrative structures of a state, as well as of public/social institutions of the Republic of Moldova whose role is to implement, protect and promote the national interests of the Republic of Moldova. At the same time, the national security system of the Republic of Moldova is a mechanism in which its components interact, a mechanism that is based on the national interests and values of the Moldovan society, used for the implementation of the strategic objectives of the country, in compliance with the national security policy guidelines.
The state will implement functional and efficient standards in building a national security system.
2.1 The National Security Sector of The Republic of Moldova And Its Reformation The Republic of Moldova understands the need for a national security system based on a clearly defined by a relevant normative documents institutional frame and highly qualified personnel that will operate in compliance with the law. This institutional frame constitutes the national security sector of the Republic of Moldova.
The national security sector of the Republic of Moldova includes state force institutions (operational level) with a duty to protect the citizens and the state and state civil institutions (administrative level) with a duty to govern, plan, control and supervise the national security system. The national security sector is responsible for the implementation of the national security aim.
Given the multidimensional character of the security, the functioning of the national security sector is influenced by factors that determine the security environment and by the activity of authorities from the sectors of vital importance to the state.
Reformation of the national security sector of the Republic of Moldova is a complex process with spillover effects on state and non-state institutions from outside the definition of the national security sector of the Republic of Moldova, as stipulated by the present Concept. This process includes the following components: political, military and defense, foreign policy, intelligence and counterintelligence, constitutional order, justice, economic, financial, energetic, industrial, communications and infrastructure, social protection and environment - all of which are interdependent.
The process of national security sector reformation is based on the need of the Republic of Moldova to achieve an adequate security and stability level that would allow it to develop as a state and reach steady economic development, which will bring along sustainable security and stability. The national security sector reform is implemented with the participation of the civil society, mass-media, human rights organizations and relevant international institutions.
The process of reforming the national security sector particularly includes, but not limit itself to: improvement of the national security sector efficiency in line with the needs, guidelines and aim of the national security; consolidation of the national security sector’s react capabilities to changes in the domestic and international security environment; assurance of functional civil control over the national security sector; strengthening the civil governance of the national security sector; consolidation of the national security sector’s legitimacy; quality and quantity rescaling of the national security sector in a way that will allow conducting of the necessary planning activities and resource allocation in conformity with the priorities of the Moldovan society; effective prevention of conflicts, crises and emergency situations; reintegration of the country.
2.1.1 The institutions of the national security sector of the Republic of Moldova State force institutions and state civil institutions which form the national security sector are: the National Army of the Republic of Moldova; Border Guard Service; Carabineer Troops, Security and Intelligence Service; Police bodies and Emergency Department of the Ministry of Interior; Custom Service; Penitentiary Department of the Ministry of Justice; State Protection and Guard Service; the Center for Combating the Economic Crimes and Corruption; the permanent Parliamentary Committees on Defense, Security and Public Order as well as the parliamentary Committee on Foreign Policy and European Integration; the Ministry of Defense; Ministry of Interior; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration; Ministry of Reintegration; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of Justice; the Prosecutor General Office.
The good functioning of the national security sector is indispensable with the activities of the institutions with the competences on multiple dimensions of security. This refers to the activity of the Ministry of Economy and Trade; Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure; Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources; Ministry of Informational Development; Ministry of Health Care; Ministry of Social Protection; Ministry of Transportation and Roads; Ministry of Education and Youth; Ministry of Local Public Administration; Ministry of Agriculture and Food Processing; Academy of Science of Moldova; Standardization and Metrology Service; Bureau for Interethnic Relations and Judicial System.
The administrative competences in the national security system defined by the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova and the country’s legislation in force are exercised by the President of the Republic of Moldova, the Parliament and the Government.
The general coordination and adoption during peace time of the recommendations for decision making regarding the national security and the national security sector are carried out by the National Security Council.