1.3.0 The Transnistrian conflict and foreign military presence on the territory of the Republic of Moldova The illegal presence of foreign military troops on the territory of the country and the phenomenon of political separatism that generated the Transnistrian conflict and loss of control over the Eastern regions are a continuous threat to independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and national security of the Republic of Moldova. The fundamental rights and freedoms of the population from the left Nistru bank are systematically violated by the separatist regime’s structures. Lack of control on behalf of constitutional Moldovan authorities over the Transnistrian segment of the Moldovan-Ukrainian border favors smuggling of goods, which seriously harm the economic security of the country and fuel cross-border organized crime, illegal traffic of ammunition, drugs and human beings.
Military threats are linked to the illegal presence in the Eastern regions of the Republic of Moldova of foreign military forces, ammunition and armaments, as well as to the activity of the factories in the Transnistrian region, that produce armament without any monitoring or tracking, which must be conducted by the competent Moldovan authorities.
The presence of the Russian troops and armament on the territory of the Republic of Moldova contravenes the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, international commitments and the will of Moldovan citizens, thus becoming a political pressure tool and major threat to the national security of the country. The foreign military presence on the territory of Moldova favors the consolidation of the separatist regime.
1.3.1 Threat of Foreign Coercion The threat of foreign coercion, political or other, to influence the foreign and domestic policy of the Republic of Moldova is real. Such pressure may be exerted by means of economic or other constraints against the Republic of Moldova or through the special services of other states. The EU integration process that facilitates the political, economic and social transformations in the country, cumulated with the civil society consolidation based on democratic values, rule of law and legality shall foster the capacity of the Republic of Moldova to cope with coercions and, whenever needed, to efficiently respond to such types of threats.
1.3.2 External Negative Developments and International Crises Problems which the Republic of Moldova is confronted with may not be addressed in isolation from the developments in certain areas of Europe, the latter being subject of broader international concerns. The current threats to the national security of the Republic of Moldova may become more imminent if combined with other new threats, including negative external developments and unsolved international crises. Contradictory developments in the pos-Soviet area might conduct to the generation of new threats to the security of the Republic of Moldova. Given the indivisibility of the European security, the Republic of Moldova’s national security is influenced by the security issues on the continent and vice versa. Crisis situations and their consequences threaten the security on the continent. Prolonged instability on the sub-regional level negatively impacts the process of promoting lasting development strategies, discourages foreign investments, closes markets for Moldovan products, favors illegal migration and trafficking in ammunition and narcotics.
1.3.3 The Threat of Organized Crime Organized crime, including the cross-border organized crime, follows the tendency to intermingle with the activity of terrorist organizations and with the proliferation of arms of mass destruction. The persistence of criminal factors creates premises for terrorist activities and proliferation of arms. Without control over the Eastern regions and the Transnistrian segment of the Moldovan-Ukrainian border, the phenomenon of organized crime represents an ascending threat to the national security of the Republic of Moldova. This risk factor may also generate negative effects at the sub-regional and regional levels.
The danger of increasing influence of the cross-border organized crime over the Moldovan society, combined with corruption and eventual penetration of the political, economic and social spheres by the organized crime may undermine the supremacy of law and, implicitly, the national security of the Republic of Moldova.